American Patents LLC v. Mediatek, Inc. et al

Western District of Texas, txwd-6:2018-cv-00339

Ex. 5 [New Oxford Am. Dict.]

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2 EXHIBIT 5 2 THE NEW LO X FORD AMERICAN DICTIONARY 2 variable cost 1870 varsity deviate from the typical color or form, or to occur in different colors or forms. 2 able to be changed or adapted: the drill has variable speed. (of a gear) designed to give varying ratios or speeds. n. an element, feature, or factor that is liable to vary or change: there are too many variables involved to make any meaningful predictions. Mathematics a quantity that during a calculation is as- sumed to vary or be capable of varying in value. Computing a data item that may take on more than one value during or between programs. Astronomy short for VARIABLE STAR. (variables) the region of light, yariable winds to the north of the northeast trade winds or (in the southern hemisphere) be- tween the southeast trade winds and the westerlies. -DERIVATIVES var•i•a bll•loty 1.verēa'bilətě n.; var l'a•bleness n.; varola bly ble adv. -ORIGIN late Middle English: via Old French from Latin variabilis, from variare (see VARY). varisa.ble cost »n a cost that varies with the level of output. var-la.ble-geom.e-try adj. denoting a swing-wing aircraft.. . var•i•a•ble-rate mortogage »n. a mortgage whose rate of interest is readjusted periodically to reflect market conditions. .. var.l.a.ble star »n. Astronomy a star whose brightness changes, either irregularly or regularly. var•l•ance I'verčans n. the fact or quality of being different, divergent, or inconsistent: her light cone was at variance with her sudden trembling. the state or fact of disagreeing or quarreling: they were at variance with all their previous allies. I chiefly Law a discrepancy between two statements of docu- ments. Law an official dispensation from a rule or regulation, typically a building regulation. Statistics a quantity equal to the square of the standard devi- ation. * (in accounting) the difference between ex- pected and actual costs, profits, output, etc., in a statistical analysis. -ORIGIN Middle English: via Old French from Latin variantia 'difference,' from the verb variare (see VARY). var lant 'verēəntn. a form or version of something that differs in some respect from other forms of the same thing or from a standard: clinically distinct vari.. ants of malaria [as adj.] a variant spelling, -ORIGIN late Middle English (as an adjective in the sense 'tending to vary'): from Old French, literally 'varying, present participle of varier (see VARY). The noun dates from the mid 19th cent. var i ate 'vere-it; -,act »n. another term for RANDOM VARIABLE. var la tion,vere'aszən) n. 1 a change or slight dif- ference in condition, amount, or level, typically with certain limits: regional variations in house prices the figures showed marked variation from year to year. Astronomy a deviation of a celestial body from its mean orbit or motion. Mathematics a change in the value of a function due to small changes in the val- ues of its argument or arguments. + (also magnetic variation) the angular difference between true north and magnetic north at a particular place, Bi- ology the occurrence of an organism in more than one distinct color or form. 2 a different or distinct form or version of something: hurling is an Irish variation of field hockey. - Music a version of a theme, modified in melody, rhythm, harmony, or ornamentation, so as to present it in a new but still recognizable form: there is an eleven-bar theme followed by seven variations and a coda | figurative variations on the perennial theme of marital discord. Ballet a solo dance as part of a performance, -DERIVATIVES varoi•autional |-SHənl| adj. -ORIGIN late Middle English (denoting variance or conflict): from Old French, or from Latin variatio(n-), from the verb variare (see VARY). var.l.a.tion ist Liverë'aszənist| n. a person who studies variations in usage among different speakers of the same language. var.l.ce al 1,være'sēəl;,ver-) >adj. Zoology & Medicine of relating to, or involving a varix. -ORIGIN 1960s: from Latin varix, varic-, on the pat- tern of words such as corneal and laryngeal. var•icel·la 1.væra'selə;,ver-n. Medicine technical term for CRICKEN POX. (also varicella-zoster) a herpesvirus that causes chicken pox and shingles; herpes zoster. -ORIGIN late 18th cent.: modern Latin, irregular di- minutive of VARIOLA. var.i.ces 'værə,sēz; 'ver-1 plural form of VARIX. var j•co•cele 'værəkö,sel; 'ver-1 n. Medicine a mass of varicose veins in the spermatic cord. -ORIGIN mid 18th cent.: from Latin varix, varic- 'dilated vein' + .CELE. varel•col•ored I'veri, kələrd| (Brit. varicoloured) adj. consisting of several different colors. -ORIGIN mid 17th cent.: from Lacin varius 'diverse' + COLORED vari•cose 'værə, kos; 'ver-| >adi. [attrib.] affected by a condition causing the swelling and tortuous lengthen- ing of veins, most often in the legs: varicose veins. -DERIVATIVES var i*cosed adj.; var•l•cos•lety 1 værə 'käsate;,ver-n. -ORIGIN late Middle English: from Latin varicosus, from varix (see VARIX). . var ied 'vered! adj. incorporating a number of differ- ent types or elements; showing variation or variety: a little effort to make life pleasant and varied a long and varied career. -DERIVATIVES var led.ly adv.. varj•e•gated I'ver(e)agātid adj. exhibiting differ- ent colors, esp. as irregular patches or streaks: varie- gated yellow bricks. Botany (of a plant or foliage) having or consisting of leaves that are edged or patterned in a second color, esp. white as well as green.marked by variety: his variegated and amusing observations. . -DERIVATIVEs var•i*e gate 'ver(e)agātſ; var loe. gaution liver(e)a'gashan| n. -ORIGIN mid 17th cent.: from Latin variegat-'made varied' (from the verb variegare, from varius 'diverse") + -ED2 va«ri«e»tal (və'rīətl) adj. 1 (of a wine or grape) made from or belonging to a single specified variety of grape. 2 chiefly Botany & Zoology of, relating to characteristic of, or forming a variety: varietal names.. on a varietal wine, -DERIVATIVES va rl-etal•ly adv. variety və'rīətēļ n. (pl. -ies) 1 the quality or state of being different or diverse; the absence of uniform- ity, sameness, or monotony: it's the variety that makes my job so enjoyable. (a variety of) a number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality: the center offers a variety of leisure activities. . a thing that differs in some way from others of the same general class or sort; a type: fifty varieties of fresh and frozen pasta, a form of televi- sion or theater entertainment consisting of a series of different types of acts, such as singing, dancing, and comedy: in 1937 she did another season of variety (as adj.] a variety show. 2 Biology a taxonomic category that ranks below sub- species (where present) or species, its members differ- ing from others of the same subspecies or species in minor but permanent or heritable characteristics. Va- rieties are more often recognized in botany, in which they are designated in the style Apium graveolens var. dulce. Compare with FORM (sense 3) and SUBSPECIES. a cultivated form of a plant. See CULTIVAR. - a plant or animal that varies in some trivial respect from its immediate parent or type. -PHRASES variety is the spice of life proverb new and exciting experiences make life more interesting. -ORIGIN late 15th cent.: from French variété or Latin varietas, from varius (see VARIOUS). vaeri•eoty meats plural n. meat consisting of the en- trails and internal organs of an animal. va riveoty store n. a small shop selling a wide range of inexpensive iterns. var..form 'verə,fôrmadj. (of a group of things) dif- fering from one another in form: variform languages. (of a single thing or a mass) consisting of a variety of forms or things: a variform education. -ORIGIN mid 17th cent.: from Latin varius 'diverse' + -FORM. va rivoola vo'riala;,verē'olal »n. Medicine technical term for SMALLPOX. -DERIVATIVES vari o'lar 1-lər adj.; vairleo.lous 1-los adj. (archaic) -ORIGIN late 18th cent.: from medieval Latin, literally "pustule, pock,' from Latin varius 'diverse.' var•l•ooloid I'verza, loid) Medicine radl. resembling smallpox, n. a mild form of smallpox affecting people who have already had the disease or have been vaccinated against it. var.i'om«e ter 1.vere'ämatər| n. 1 a device for indi- of indi- cating an aircraft's rate of climb or descent. 2 an inductor whose total inductance can be varied by altering the relative position of two coaxial coils con- nected in series, or by permeability tuning, and so can be used to tune an electric circuit. 3 an instrument for measuring variations in the inten- sity of the earth's magnetic field. var j•oorum,vere'ôrəm adj. (of an edition of an au- thor's works) having notes by various editors or com- mentators. including variant readings from manuscripts or ears lier editions. n. a variorum edition -ORIGIN early 18th cent.: genitive plural of vari diverse,' from Latin editio cum notis variorum 'edition with notes by various (commentators). var.•ous I'verzos adj. different from one another of different kinds or sorts: dresses of various colors his grievances were many and various. 1 having or showing different properties or qualities: their environments are locally various. adj. & pron. more than one; individual and separate: las adj.) various people arrived late [as pron.) various of her friends had called. -DERIVATIVES var.l.ousiness n. . -ORIGIN late Middle English: from Latin varius changing, diverse' + OUS. USAGE: In standard Briglish, the word various normally used as an adjective. It is best reserved for contexts indicating variety, and should not be used as a synonym for several. In colloquial American speech, various is sometimes also used (as though it were a pronoun) followed by of, as in various of her friends had called another way of saying some of several of. This use is widely discouraged by usage ex. perts, however, because various is properly an adje tive, not a pronoun, and various of erodes the sense of variety, diversity, and distinctness. This erosion blurring of meaning is further evident in the use of Various different, as in various different kinds of oak, a redundant wording that should always be avoided, various•ly I'verčasla) adv. in several or different ways: his early successes can be variously accounted for. Va ris•can və'riskənl adj. Geology another term for HERCYNIAN. -ORIGIN early 20th cent.: from Latin Varisci (the name of a Germanic tribe) + -AN. var.is•tor və'ristərn. a semiconductor diode with resistance dependent on the applied voltage. I -ORIGIN 1930s: contraction of varying resistor. 13 vareix 'veriks) n. (pl. varices |-2,sēzl) 1 Medicine a varicose vein. 2 Zoology each of the ridges on the shell of a gastropod mollusk, marking a former position of the aperture -ORIGIN late Middle English: from Latin. varölet | 'värlət| »n. historical a man or boy acting as an attendant or servant. .. . a knight's page, archaic an unprincipled rogue or rascal. -DERIVATIVES varletory 1-lətre n. -ORIGIN late Middle English: from Old French, van- ant of valer 'attendant' (see VALET). The sense rogue dates from the mid 16th cent. var mint I'värmənt! n. dialect, informal a troublesome wild animal, esp. a fox. la troublesome and mischievous person, esp. a child. -ORIGIN mid 16th cent.: alteration of VERMIN, Varena 'värna a port and resort in eastern Bulgaria, on the western shores of the Black Sea; pop. 321;00A var na 'varna; vär- n. each of the four Hinduro castes, Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra -ORIGIN Sanskrit, literally 'color, class. De var.nish 'värnisu n. resin dissolved in a liquid for applying on wood, metal, or other materials to the hard, clear, shiny surface when dry. (in sing.] archaic an external or superficially attrace appearance of a specific quality: an outward varni of civilization. ». [trans.] apply varnish to: we stripped the floor and was nished it. disguise or gloss over (a fact): the White House is van nishing over the defeat of the president's proposent -DERIVATIVES varenish'ern. -ORIGIN Middle English: from Old from medieval Latin veronix 'fragrant resin, sarens or medieval Greek berenike, probably from De town in Cyrenaica. . varonish tree n. another term for LACQUER Varero 'værõl, Marcus Terentius (116-21 man scholar and satirist. His works covered jects, including philosophy, agricultus? and the Latin language. . var ro'a 'værəwal (also varroa mite) scopic mite that is a debilitating parasite bee, causing loss of honey production, Varroa jacobsoni, order (or subclass) Acarl. it -ORIGIN 1970s: modern Latin, from VAR erence to his work on beekeeping) +. A repe var sloty I'värsɔte n. (ol. -les) a sports, senting a school or college: Miller promote varsity for his sophomore season [as basketball. Brit., dated university: he had his hair.cat m for LACQUER TREE ntius (116-27. BC), RO orks covered many sub- phy, agriculture, education, ang parasite of the hone Her promoted him to (as adj.] girls kore season -Gese-s=13-e-zee 39=434Bee Rem=125sled10:24 Rege12412 From the publisher of the renowned Oxford English Dictionary THE NEW OXFORD AMERICAN DICTIONARY The Now Oxford American Dictionary gives the most accurate and richly descriptive picture of American English ever offered in any dictionary. Backed by the most extensive language research program in the world, including Oxford's 200-million-word data bank of English, and the unrivaled citation files of the world-renowned Oxford English Dictionary. lexicographers have examined fresh evidence of language and usage to establish the definitive American language resource. • For unprecedented clarity, all entries show the main meaning or meanings of a word first, with definitions written in plain, jargon-free English • Contains more than 250,000 definitions, with clear pronunciations and useful syllable breaks, and 9,000 biographical and geographical entries • Covers the new words you want to know about, from areas as diverse as computers, medicine, science, and politics to popular culture, with new terms ranging from clickstream to undervote, dumpster diving to LASIK surgery • Language guidance based on real evidence ensures precise, confident usage, with clear labels on words and senses, hundreds of usage notes, and clarification of controversial or difficult areas Thousands of detailed illustrations immediately clarify difficult concepts • Unrivaled etymological information reveals fascinating word histories that are fun to read 90000 9 17801951112276" ISBN 0-19-511227-X aliquot ! Alhambratbe 6:18-CV-00339-ADA Document 1497-5 Filed 10/25/19 Page 3 of 12 Al•ham.bra, the ſæl'hæmbra a fortified Moorish Alolce Springs ['ælisl a railway terminus and supply bird) descend from the air and settle: a lovely blue swal- palace, the last stronghold of the Muslim kings of Gra center serving the outback of Northern Territory, Aus low alighted on a branch. nada, built between 1248 and 1354 near Granada in tralia; pop. 20,450. descend from a train, bus, or other form of transpor- Spain. al•i•cy•clic 1,ælə'siklik; -'sik- Chemistry adj. relating to tation: the conductor alights to push the cable car com- or denoting organic compounds that combine cyclic pletely around. structure with aliphatic properties, e.g., cyclohexane alight on find by chance; notice: her eyes alighted on the and other saturated cyclic hydrocarbons. Compare item in question. with AROMATIC. -ORIGIN Old English alihtan, from a- (as an intensi- >n. (usu. alicyclics) an alicyclic compound. fier) + lihtan descend' (see LIGHT"). -ORIGIN late 19th cent.: blend of ALIPHATIC and a light adv. & adj. on fire; burning: [as adj.) the house CYCLIC. was well alight when the firemen arrived (as adv.] flam- al•i•dade ['æli,dad»n. a sighting device or pointer for mable liquid was set alight. determining directions or measuring angles, used in shining brightly: (as adj.] a single lamp was alight | fig- surveying and (formerly) astronomy. urative the boy's face was alight with excitement. -ORIGIN late Middle English: directly or (in modern -ORIGIN late Middle English: probably from the use) via French and Spanish from Arabic al- idāda'the phrase on a light (= lighted) fire. revolving radius, probably based on adud upper arm.' align (a'lini v. 1 (trans.) place or arrange (things) in a a•li-en l'alyən; 'alčən ad). belonging to a foreign straight line: gently brush the surface to align the fibers. country or nation. put (things) into correct or appropriate relative po- unfamiliar and disturbing or distasteful: bossing any sitions: the fan blades are carefully aligned figurative one around was alien to him they found the world of aligning domestic prices with prices in world markets. adult education a little alien. [attrib.) relating to or de [intrans.) lie in a straight line, or in correct relative noting beings supposedly from other worlds; extra positions: the pattern of the border at the seam should terrestrial: an alien spacecraft. (of a plant or animal align perfectly. The Alhambra species) introduced from another country and later 2 (align oneself with) give support to a person, or- naturalized. ganization, or cause): newspapers usually align them- Al-Hu-day•da Arabic name for HODEIDA. >n. a foreigner, esp. one who is not a naturalized citizen selves with certain political parties.. Ali1 'le, Muhammad, see MUHAMMAD ALIL. of the country where they are living: an illegal alien. [intrans.) come together in agreement or alliance: all A•Ji2 | ä'lē; 'älē], Muhammad (1942–), US boxer; born a hypothetical or fictional being from another world. of them must now align against the foe (as adj.] Cassius Marcellus Clay. He won the world heavyweight Na plant or animal species originally introduced (aligned) forces aligned with Russia. title in 1964, 1974, and 1978, becoming the only from another country and later naturalized. -ORIGIN late 17th cent.: from French aligner, from à boxer to be world heavyweight champion three times. -DERIVATIVES al·lenness n. ligne 'into line. After converting to Islam and changing his name, he -ORIGIN Middle English: via Old French from Latin a lign.ment lə'linmənt| »n. 1 arrangement in a was stripped of his title for refusing army service on alienus 'belonging to another, from alius 'other.' straight line, or in correct or appropriate relative posi- conscientious objector grounds. This decision was aleiena.ble l'alēənəbəl; 'alyən- adj. Law able to be tions: the tiles had slipped out of alignment. overturned by the US Supreme Court in 1976, and his transferred to new ownership. the act of aligning parts of a machine: oil changes, title was reinstated. -DERIVATIVES a«llen.a.bil•l•ty 1,aleana'bilita;,a lube jobs, and wheel alignments. the route or course a li as l'aleas. adv. used to indicate that a named per | lyon- 1. of a road or railroad: four railroads, all on different son is also known or more familiar under another al•len•age l'alcanij; 'alya-1 n. the state or condition alignments. specified name: Eric Blair, alias George Orwell. of being an alien. 2 a position of agreement or alliance: a firm famous for informal indicating another term or synonym: the cat al•len.ate l'alea, nat; 'alya-| ». [trans.] 1 cause (some its liberal alignment. fish alias bullhead-is a mighty tasty fry-up. one) to feel isolated or estranged: an urban environment -ORIGIN late 18th cent.: from French alignement, n. a false or assumed identity: a spy operating under which would alienate its inhabitants (as adj.] (alienat- from aligner (see ALIGN). the alias Barsad. ed) an alienated angst-ridden 22-year-old. a•like 'līkladj. (predic. (of two or more subjects) Computing an alternative name or label that refers to a I cause (someone) to become unsympathetic or hos- similar to each other: the brothers were very much alike file, command, address, or other item, and can be tile: the association does not wish to alienate its members. the houses all looked alike. used to locate or access it. Telecommunications each of 2 Law transfer ownership of (property rights) to an- adv. in the same or a similar way: the girls dressed alike in a set of signal frequencies that, when sampled at a other person or group. black pants and jackets. given uniform rate, would give the same set of sam -PHRASES alienate someone's affections Law induce used to show that something applies equally to a pled values, and thus might be incorrectly substitut someone to transfer their affection from a person number of specified subjects: he talked in a friendly ed for one another when reconstructing the original (such as a spouse) with legal rights or claims on them. manner to staff and patients alike. signal. -ORIGIN early 16th cent.: from Latin alienar- 'es - ORIGIN Old English gelic, of Germanic origin; re- mv. (trans.) (usu. be aliased) Physics & Telecommunications tranged, from the verb alienare, from alienus 'of an lated to Dutch gelijk and German gleich, reinforced in misidentify (a signal frequency), introducing distor other' (see ALIEN). Middle English by Old Norse álíkr (adjective) and áli- tion or error. al.ienoa.tion,alēə'nashən;, alya-1 n. the state or ex ka (adverb). -ORIGIN late Middle English: from Latin, 'at another perience of being isolated from a group or an activity al•lement l'æləmənt| 1 archaic food; nourishment. time, otherwise.' to which one should belong or in which one should be support; sustenance. ali-as-ing 'aleasing) n1 Physics & Telecommunications involved: unemployment may generate a sense of political > 1 provide with nourishment or sustenance. the misidentification of a signal frequency, introduc alienation. -ORIGIN late 15th cent.: from Latin alimentum, from ing distortion or error, W loss or lack of sympathy; estrangement: public al alere 'nourish. 2 Computing in computer graphics, the jagged, or saw ienation from bureaucracy. 1 (in Marxist theory) a al·lemen•ta'ry,æla'mentərë| adj. of or relating to toothed appearance of curved or diagonal lines on a condition of workers in a capitalist economy, result nourishment or sustenance. low-resolution monitor, ing from a lack of identity with the products of their -ORIGIN late 16th cent.: from Latin alimentarius, from Ali Ba.ba,ale 'bäbə the hero of a story supposed to labor and a sense of being controlled or exploited. alimentum 'nourishment' (see ALIMENT). be from the Arabian Nights, who discovered the magic Psychiatry a state of depersonalization or loss of al•i•men.taery cainal n. the whole passage along formula ("Open Sesame!") that opened a cave where identity in which the self seems unreal, thought to which food passes through the body from mouth to forty robbers kept their treasure. be caused by difficulties in relating to society and anus. It includes the esophagus, stomach, and in- al.j.bi ['æla,bil n. (pl. alibis) a claim or piece of evi the resulting prolonged inhibition of emotion. a testines. dence that one was elsewhere when an act, typically a type of faulty recognition in which familiar situa al•i•menta.tion æləmən'tashan n. format the provi- criminal one, is alleged to have taken place: she has an tions or persons appear unfamiliar. Compare with sion of nourishment or other necessities of life. alibi for the whole of yesterday evening a defense of al DÉJÀ VU. (also alienation effect) Theater an effect, -ORIGIN late 16th cent. (in the sense 'maintenance, ibi. sought by some dramatists, whereby the audience support'): from medieval Latin alimentatio(n-), from informal an excuse or pretext: a catch-all alibi for failure remains objective and does not identify with the ac late Latin alimentare 'to feed,' from alimentum 'nour- and inadequacy. tors. Law the transfer of the ownership of property ishment' (see ALIMENT). . (alibis, alibied, alibiing) (trans.) informal offer an ex rights. al•i•mo•ny ['æla,mone n. a husband's or wife's cuse or defense for (someone), esp. by providing an -ORIGIN late Middle English: from Latin court-ordered provision for a spouse after separation account of their whereabouts at the time of an alleged alienation-), from the verb alienare 'estrange, from or divorce. act: her friend agreed to alibi her. alienus (see ALIEN). The term alienation effect (1940s) is -ORIGIN early 17th cent. (in the sense 'nourishment, [intrans.) make excuses: not once do I recall him whining a translation of German Verfremdungseffekt. means of subsistence'): from Latin alimonia 'nutri- or alibing. al.ien.ee,alea'ně;,alya-n. Law dated term for ment,' from alere 'nourish, -ORIGIN late 17th cent. (as an adverb in the sense GAANTEE. A-line adj. (of a garment) slightly flared from a narrow elsewhere'): from Latin, 'in another place; elsewhere.' al·len ist |'alzanist; 'alya-1 »n.former term for PSYCH waist or shoulders: A-line skirts. The noun use dates from the late 18th cent. ATRIST al.i.phat-ic 1,ælə'fægik| Chemistry adj. relating to or de- USAGE: The weakened nonlegal use of alibi to mean a psychiatrist who assesses the competence of a de noting organic compounds in which carbon atoms simply an excuse is a fairly common and natural ex fendant in a law court, form open chains (as in the alkanes), not aromatic tension of the core meaning. It is acceptable in stand- -ORIGIN mid 19th cent: from French aliéniste, based rings. Compare with ALICYCLIC. ard English, although regarded as incorrect by some on Latin alienus 'of another' (see ALIEN). >n. (usu. aliphatics) an aliphatic compound. al·len or l'alēanar; 'alya- »n. Law dated term for -ORIGIN late 19th cent. (originally used of the fatty GRANTOR. acids): from Greek aleiphar, aleiphat-'fat' + -1C. Al•i•can•te 1,æli'kæntē; jälə'känta| a seaport on the a-life l'a lif) »n. short for ARTIFICIAL LIFE. al•i•quot ['ælikwatn. a portion of a larger whole, Mediterranean coast of southeastern Spain, the capi al•l•form ['æla,fôrm; 'ala- i adj. wing-shaped. esp. a sample taken for chemical analysis or other tal of Alicante Province; pop. 270,950. -ORIGIN early 18th cent.: from modern Latin ali. treatment. Al.ice-in-Won•derland j'ælis in 'wəndər,lændi >adj. formis, from Latin ala 'wing' + -formis (see -FORM). • (also aliquot part or portion) Mathematics a quantity (attrib.] not logically explicable or predictable: this Alice A.llghie•ri,ælag'yerēſ, Dante, see DANTE. that can be divided into another an integral number in Wonderland economic system. a light1 lə'lity. (no obj., with adverbial of place] (of a of times. . traditionalists, is UM L ... 21 chinoiseri@ase 6:18-cv-00339-ADA Document 3087-5 Filed 10/25/19 Page 4 of 12 chl.noise•rie 1 shẽn,wäz(ə)'re;,Shen'wäzare n. (pl. chips are down informal when a very serious and diffi- active; large organic molecules often have onen -ies) the imitation or evocation of Chinese motifs and cult situation arises. chiral centers where four different groups techniques in Western art, furniture, and architecture, chip away gradually and relentlessly make something tached to a carbon atom. esp. in the 18th century. smaller or weaker: rivals may chip away at one's prof -DERIVATIVES chieral•l•ty ki'ræləten. objects or decorations in this style: a piece of chinoi its by undercutting product prices. -ORIGIN late 19th cent.: from Greek kheir ih serie one room has red velvet and chinoiseries. chip in (or chip something in) contribute something -AL. -ORIGIN late 19th cent.: from French, from chinois as one's share of a joint activity, cost, etc.: the rookie chi-rho | 'ki 'rol n. a monogram of chi (X) a 'Chinese.' pitcher chipped in with nine saves and five wins the (P) as the first two letters of Greek Khristor Chl.nook sha'nook; CHO- n. (pl. same or Chinooks) council will chip in a further $30,000 a year. used as a Christian symbol. 1 a member of an American Indian people originally -ORIGIN Middle English: related to Old English for Chiroj•ca hua Chi-ri'kä-wal >n. 1 a member inhabiting the region around the lower Columbia cippian 'cut off.' Apache people, formerly located in southern River in Oregon and Washington. chip.board 'chip, bôrd] n. another term for PARTI Mexico, southeastern Arizona, and northern M. 2 the Penutian language of this people. CLEBOARD now living primarily in Oklahoma and New MASE adj. of or relating to the Chinook or their language. Chip«e«wy.an 1,chipa'wiən n. (pl. same or Chipe 2 the Athabaskan language of this people. -ORIGIN from c'inúk, a Salishan word for the name of wyans) 1 a member of a Dene people of northwest adj. of or relating to this people or their language a Chinook village. ern Canada. Do not confuse with CHIPPEWA. Chieri.ca.hua Moun•tains 1.CHiri'käwala rane chi-nook sha'nook; CHO-1 n. 1 (also chinook wind) 2 the Athabaskan language of this people. southeastern Arizona, on the Mexican border a warm dry wind that blows down the east side of the adj. of or relating to this people or their language. trolled by Cochise and other Apache leaders du Rocky Mountains at the end of winter. -ORIGIN from Cree cipwayān, literally '(wearing) the 19th century, 2 (also chinook salmon) a large North Pacific pointed-skin (garments), chirol-moyºa »n. variant spelling of CHERIMOYA. salmon that is an important commercial food fish. chipomakoer 'Chip,makər| n. a company that man chiro- (also cheiro-) comb. form of the hand or hand Oncorhynchus tshawyscha, family Salmonidae. ufactures microchips. chiromancy, -ORIGIN mid 19th cent.: from attributive use of CHI chipmunk 'chip, mənGk; n. a burrowing ground -ORIGIN from Greek kheir 'hand.' NOOK. squirrel with cheek pouches and light and dark stripes chlorogora.phy |ki'rägrafe) >n. handwriting, esp. Chi•nook Jaregon n. an extinct pidgin composed of running down the body, found in North America and distinct from typography. elements from Chinook, Nootka, English, French, northern Eurasia. -DERIVATIVES chi ro'grapheic I.kirə'græfik) and other languages, formerly used in the Pacific Genus Tamias, family Sciuridae: many species, including chiro-man-cy |'kirə,mænsel >n, the prediction for Northwest the eastern chipmunk (T. striatus), common in the eastern person's future from the lines on the palms of his chinaqua pin 'CHiNgki,pin (also chinkapin) n. a US. her hands; palmistry. North American chestnut tree. -ORIGIN mid 19th cent.: from Ojibwa. Chieron 'kirən| 1 Greek Mythology a learned centatie Several species in the family Fagaceae, in particular the Al- who acted as teacher to Jason, Achilles, and man legheny (or eastern) chinquapin (Castanea pumila). other heroes. the edible nut of one of these trees. 2 Astronomy asteroid 2060, discovered in 1977, which -ORIGIN early 17th cent.: from Virginia Algonquian. unique in having an orbit lying mainly between the chinostrap 'CHin stræp »n. a strap attached to a hat, bits of Saturn and Uranus. It is believed to haye a helmet, or other headgear, designed to hold it in place ameter of 370 km. by fitting under the wearer's chin, chi-ron.oomid ki'tänəmid »n. Entomology an insect chintz chints >n. printed multicolored cotton fabric a family (Chironomidae) that comprises the nonbitinn with a glazed finish, used esp. for curtains and uphol- midges. stery: a sofa upholstered in chintz [as adj.] floral chintz -ORIGIN late 19th cent.: from modern Latin Chiruna curtains. midae (plural), from the genus name Chironomus, tonit -ORIGIN early 17th cent. (as chints, plural of chint, de- Greek kheironomos 'pantomime dancer.' S noting a stained or painted calico cloth imported from chlorop'o•dy ka'räpode; SHƏ-1 n. another term for India): from Hindi chimp-spattering, stain.' PODIATAY. chintzoy 'chintsal adj. (chintzler, chintzlest) 1 of, -DERIVATIVES chloropºo•dist (ka'räpadist) n. 233 like, or decorated with chintz: brighten the room with eastern chipmunk -ORIGIN late 19th cent.: from CHIAO- 'hand' + Greek fresh paint and chintzy fabrics. pous, pod-'foot." brightly colorful but gaudy and tasteless. chi-pot•le Chi'põtla| »n. a smoked hot chili pepper chi.ro pracolc,kira'præktik n. a system of com 2 Informal miserly: a chintay salary increase. used esp. in Mexican cooking. plementary medicine based on the diagnosis and that -DERIVATIVES chintzol•ly I'chintsəle adv.; chintzol. -ORIGIN Mexican Spanish, from Nahuat. nipulative treatment of misalignments of the joints! ness n. Chip.pen.dalei |'chipən,dal], Thomas (1718-79), esp. those of the spinal column, which are held, o chin-up >n, another term for PULL-UP (sense 1). English furniture-maker and designer. He produced cause other disorders by affecting the nerves, muscles chinowag 'CHin, wægl (also chin wag) informal n. a furniture in a neoclassical vein, with elements of the and organs. chat. French rococo, chinoiserie, and Gothic revival styles. -DERIVATIVES chi.ro.pracotor 'kira,præktər| > (-wagged, -wagging) [intrans.) have a chat. Chip.penedale2 adj. (of furniture) designed, made -ORIGIN late 19th cent.: from CHIRO- 'hand' +Gred Chi-os 'kē,äs; 'ki-; - ôs a Greek island in the Aegean by, or in the style of Thomas Chippendale. praktikos 'practical,' from prattein 'do. Sea; pop. 52,690. Greek name KHIOS. chipperl chipəradj. informal cheerful and lively. Chlorop.terea | ki'räptərə| Zoology an order of mam. -DERIVATIVES Chlan 'kean; 'ki- n. & adj. -ORIGIN mid 19th cent.: perhaps from northern Eng mals that comprises the bats. There are over 900 ling chip chip »n. 1 a small piece of something removed lish dialect kipper 'lively.' species of bats, and they are found on every contine in the course of chopping, cutting, or breaking some chip per n. a person or thing that turns something except Antarctica. See also MEGACHIROPTERA, MICH thing, esp. a hard material such as wood or stone: into chips. CHIROPTERA. mulch the shrubs with cedar chips. Ba machine for chipping the trunks and limbs of -DERIVATIVES chiropteran n. & adj. 1 a hole or flaw left by the removal of such a piece: a trees. -ORIGIN modern Latin (plural), from CHIRO-hand chip on his tooth. Brit. wood or woody fiber split into Chipepe wa 'Chipa,wä; -, wā; -wal (also Chippeway Greek pteron 'wing.' thin strips and used for weaving hats or baskets. T-,wal) n. (pl. same) another term for OJIBWA. Do not chirp (CHərp ». [intrans.) (typically of a small brdo 2 a thin slice of food made crisp by being fried, baked, confuse with CHIPEWYAN. an insect) utter a short, sharp, high-pitched soune or dried and typically eaten as a snack: tortilla chips -ORIGIN alteration of OJIBWA." outside, the crickets chirped monotonously. dipped in salsa banana chips. chipopie 'chipel »n. (pl. -les) variant spelling of CHIP (with direct speech) (of a person) say something ! a small chunk of candy added to desserts or sweet PY. lively and cheerful way: "Good morning! che snacks, esp. of chocolate. chlp.ping sparrow »n. a common American song Alex. (chips) chiefly Brit. French fries: an order of fish and bird related to the buntings, with a chestnut crown »n a short, sharp, high-pitched sound. chips. and a white stripe over the eye. . -DERIVATIVES chirp'er n. 3 short for MICROCHIP. Spizella passerina, family Emberizidae (subfamily Emberiz -ORIGIN late Middle English: imitative. 4 a counter used in certain gambling games to repre inae) chirpoy 'chərpe adj. (chirpier, chirpiest) sent money: a poker chip. -ORIGIN early 19th cent.: chipping from chip 'chirp,' cheerful and lively. 5 (in golf, soccer, and other sports) a short lofted kick with reference to the bird's repetitive chirping song. -DERIVATIVES chirp•l•ly I'CHərpale adv.; che or shot with the ball. chip•py 'CHipe informal n. (also chippie) (pl. -ies) 1 a ness n. Tennis a softly sliced return intended to land between promiscuous young wornan, esp, a prostitute. chirr CHər (also churr) »x. [intrans.) (esp. of an in the net and the opponent's service line. 2 Brit. a fish-and-chip shop. make a prolonged low trilling sound. v. (chipped, chipping) (trans.] 1 cut or break (a small 3 Brit. a carpenter. n. a low trilling sound. piece) from the edge or surface of a hard material: we adj. touchy and irritable. -ORIGIN early 17th cent.: iritative. had to chip ice off the upper deck. (of an ice-hockey game or player) rough and bellig chirorup 'Chirap; 'CHərəp| v. (chirruped, chi (intrans.) (of a material or object) break at the edge or erent, with or incurring numerous penalties. ing) [intrans.) (esp. of a small bird) make repeated on the surface: the paint had chipped off the gate. I chip'set 'chip,set », a collection of integrated cir high-pitched sounds; twitter. cut pieces off a hard material) to alter its shape or cuits that form the set needed to make an electronic (with direct speech) (of a person) say somethi break it up: it required a craftsman to chip the blocks of device such as a computer motherboard or portable high-pitched voice: "Yes, Miss Honey, chi flint to the required shape [intrans.] she chipped away telephone, eighteen voices. at the ground outside the door. chip shot »n. Golf a stroke at which the ball is or must In a short, high-pitched sound. 2 (in golf, soccer, and other sports) kick or strike (a be chipped into the air. -DERIVATIVES chirorup y adj. ball or shot) to produce a short lobbed shot or pass: he Chi-rac SHe'räk), Jacques (René) (1932-), French -ORIGIN late 16th cent.: alteration of Ch chipped a superb shot. statesman; prime minister 1974-76 and 1986--88; trilling the -r- -PHRASES a chip off the old block informal someone president (1995-). chiru 'CHir,00 n. (pl. same) a sandy-colored who resembles his or her parent, esp. in character, a chloral l'kirall adj. Chemistry asymmetric in such a way with black horns, found on the Tibetan plateau chip on one's shoulder informal a deeply ingrained that the structure and its mirror image are not super called TIBETAN ANTELOPE. grievance, typically about a particular thing. when the imposable. Chiral compounds are typically optically Pantholops hodgsoni, family Bovidae. e repeated Blog inexofanother term for olen the number of C 1 hottest and driest part este lowest point in u 186 m) below sea level. na warstanton, an official order for the execution demned person: figurative in making his. 2 Weath watch i det. dying individual. suportend death SY. 26 1) P 4 - 439 Debussy 2 term for ESTATE TAX, INKERI- essential piece of information used to gain advantage victory attributed to her, is thought to be one of the in a debate. oldest sections of the Bible, de bauch idi'bôch »v. [trans.] destroy or debase the de bouch [di'bowCH; -"BOOSH| ». [no obj., with adver- the number of deaths resulting from a moral purity of; corrupt. bial of direction) emerge from a narrow or confined space e use, esp. an accident, battle, or natural daled seduce (a woman): he debauched sixteen school into a wide, open area: the soldiers debouched from their girls. p lace, structure, or vehicle that is po- Re jeeps and dispersed among the trees the stream finally de- o us: the theaters were often death traps. n. a bout of excessive indulgence in sensual pleasures, bouches into a silent pool. til dags deep arid desert basin below sea level esp. eating and drinking. -DERIVATIVES de bouchement n. s the habit or practice of such indulgence; debauch- Dame California and southwestern Nevada, -ORIGIN mid 18th cent.: from French déboucher, from Bebih driest part of North America. It con ery: his life had been spent in debauch. dé-(expressing removal) + bouche 'mouth' (from Latin -DERIVATIVES de bauchier n. Peest point in the US at Badwater, which is bucca cheek'). -ORIGIN late 16th cent.: from French débaucher De bre•cen ('debrət,sen | an industrial and commer- (verb) 'turn away from one's duty,' from Old French cial city in eastern Hungary; pop. 217,290. person: figurative in making his an- desbaucher, of uncertain ultimate origin. de-bride.ment di'brēdmant »n. Medicine the removal choose has signed his political death warrant. de-bauched di'bôcht adj. indulging in or charac of damaged tissue or foreign objects from a wound. ichideTH Wäch n. 1 a vigil kept beside a terized by sensual pleasures to a degree perceived to -ORIGIN mid 19th cent.: from French, from débrider, be morally harmful; dissolute: a debauched lifestyle. literally 'unbridle,' based on bride 'bridle' (of Ger- set over a person due for execution. debeau.chee (di,bô'CHēl n. a person given to exces manic origin). deathwatch beetle) a small beetle with larvae sive indulgence in sensual pleasures. de-brief da'brëf| . (trans.) question (someone, typi- -ORIGIN mid 17th cent.: from French débauché i nto dead wood and structural timbers, cally a soldier or spy) about a completed mission or W Meteorisiderable damage. The adult makes a 'turned away from duty,' past participle of débaucher undertaking: together they debriefed their two colleagues 1 watch ticking that was formerly believed (see DEBAUCH). [as n.) (debriefing) during his debriefing, he exposed two de bauch.eroy di bôchərë | »n. excessive indulgence Russian spies. e indovillosum, family Anobiidae. in sensual pleasures. n. a series of questions about a completed mission or ishona desire for someone's death, esp. an de•beak da'bek »v. (trans.] remove the upper part of undertaking. the beak of a bird) to prevent it from injuring other inconscious desire for one's own death, Compare -DERIVATIVES de brief er n. W DEATH INSTINCT. birds: [as n.] (debeaking) debeaking is thought to cause de-bris (da'brë;,da- | n. scattered fragments, typical- etil-bute (de-a'tri,byoot v. (trans.] cease to at chickens chronic pain. ly of something wrecked or destroyed: the bomb hits it, bute a work of art) to a particular artist. de Beau voir də bö'vwär; də 'bo,vwärſ, Simone showering debris from all sides. AVATIVES de-at-tri-bustion de,ætra'byoo (1908-86), French existentialist philosopher, novelist, loose natural material consisting esp. of broken and feminist. Her best-known work is The Second Sex pieces of rock: a stable arrangement of planets, comets, sebeb in informal short for DEBUTANTE. (1949), a central book of the "second wave" of femi and debris orbiting the sun, dirt or refuse: clean away barcle [di'bækəl; -'bäkoli n. a sudden and igno nism. She is strongly associated with Jean-Paul Sartre, any collected dust or debris. itious failure; a fiasco: the economic debacle that be with whom she had a lifelong association. -Origin early 18th cent.: from French débris, from came known as the Great Depression. de ben•ture di'benchar n. (also debenture bond) obsolete débriser 'break down.' ORIGIN early 19th cent.: from French débâcle, from an unsecured loan certificate issued by a company, de Bro•glie da 'brộyə; də 'broil, Louis-Victor, Prince endler unleash from dé-fun-' + båcler 'to bar' (from backed by general credit rather than by speciifed as (1892-1987), French physicist. He was the first to sta baculum 'staff'). sets. suggest that subatomic particles can also have the de bag [de'bægi. (debagged, debagging) (trans.) Brit. a long-term security yielding a fixed rate of in properties of waves, and his name is now applied to Die Informal remove the pants of (someone) as a joke or terest, issued by a company and secured against as such a wave. Nobel Prize for Physics (1929). punishment. sets. debt det n. something, typically money, that is de ballast de bäləsti ». [trans.) remove ballast from ORIGIN late Middle English (denoting a voucher is owed or due: I paid off my debes a way to reduce Third thip) in order to increase its buoyancy. sued by a royal household, giving the right to claim World debt. widebar (de'bär ». (debarred, debarring) [trans.) payment for goods or services): from Latin debentur the state of owing money: the firm is heavily in debt. Must be debarred) exclude or prohibit (someone) of 'are owing' (from debere 'owe'), used as the first word (usu. in sing.) a feeling of gratitude for a service or fcially from doing something: people declaring that they of a certificate recording a debt. The current sense favor: we owe them a debt of thanks. THE-positive could be debarred entry. dates from the mid 19th cent. -PHRASES be in someone's debt owe gratitude to DERIVATIVES de-bar-ment n. de•bil·i·tate di'bila,tat; de-> (trans.) (often as adj.) someone for a service or favor. ORIGIN late Middle English: from French débarrer, (debilitating) make (someone) weak and infirm: a de -ORIGIN Middle English dette: from Old French, Im Old French desbarrer unbar,' from des- (express bilitating diseasel [as adj.) (debilitated) a woman who based on Latin debitum 'something owed, past partici- ing ispersal) + barrer 'to bar.' had felt chronically debilitated and unwell for years. ple of debere 'owe.' The spelling change in French and desbark!|de'bärk ». [intrans.] leave a ship or aircraft. hinder, delay, or weaken: the debilitating effects of un English was by association with the Latin word. Klang) unload (cargo or troops) from a ship or air derinvestment. debt coun se lor n. a person who offers professional secraft -DERIVATIVES de bil.i-tat-ing•ly adv.; de bil..ta-tlon advice on methods of debt repayment. DERIVATIVES de baroka•tion,debär'kashan| n. |di,bilə'tashan| 13.; de bil-i-tative (di,bila,tativ adj. debt of honoor n. a debt that is not legally recovera- RIGIN mid 17th cent.: from French débarquer. -ORIGIN mid 16th cent.: from Latin debilitat-'weak ble, esp, one lost in gambling. de bárka v (trans.) remove (the bark) from a tree. ened,' from the verb debilitare, from debilitas (see DE- debtoor 'detər n. a person or institution that owes a de base (di'basſ »(trans.] reduce (something) in BILITY). sum of money. uality or value; degrade: the love episodes debase the de•bil•l•ty di'biləge n. physical weakness, esp. as a debt se curloty n. a negotiable or tradable liability Agility of the drama (as adj.] (debased) the debased result of illness. or loan. aditions of sportsmanship. -ORIGIN late Middle English: from Old French de- debt swap (also debt-for-na-ture swap) n. a trans- lower the moral character of (someone): war debases bilite, from Latin debilitas, from debilis 'weak.' action in which a foreign exchange debt owed by a de- people historical lower the value of (coinage) by re deb.it l'debitn. an entry recording an amount veloping country is transferred to another organiza- qucing the content of precious metal. owed, listed on the left-hand side or column of an ac tion on the condition that the country use local ERIVATIVES de base ment n; de bas er n. count. The opposite of CREDIT. currency for a designated purpose, usually environ- RIGIN mid 16th cent. (in the sense 'humiliate, be a payment made or owed. mental protection. e rom DE-'down' + the obsolete verb base (com >v. (debited, debiting) (trans.) (usu. be debited) (of a de bug de'bag| v. (debugged, debugging) [trans.] W ABASE), expressing the notion 'bring down bank or other financial organization) remove (an 1 identify and remove errors from computer hard- amount of money from a customer's account, typi ware or software): games are the worst to debug 1 (as n.] a tea.ble (di'batabəl adj. open to discussion or cally as payment for services or goods: $10,000 was (debugging) software debugging. uments it is debatable whether the country is coming debited from their account. ou de recession, 2 detect and remove concealed microphones from (an remove an amount of money from (a bank account): area). historical (of land) on the border between two coun the tag on the rear window automatically activates the ties and claimed by each. 3 rernove insects from (something), esp. with a pesti- pump and debits any major credit card.. cide. YATIVES de bateaubly |-ble adv. . -PHRASES on the debit side as an unsatisfactory as on the process of identifying and removing errors from Dedi'bat. n. a formal discussion on a particu pect of the situation: on the debit side, they predict a rise computer hardware or software. pe un a public meeting or legislative assembly, in in book prices. de•bugºger de'bəgər n. a computer program that opposing arguments are put forward. -ORIGIN late Middle English in the sense debt): assists in the detection and correction of errors in Sagunent about a particular subject, esp. one in from French débit, from Latin debitum 'something computer programs. so many people are involved: the national de owed' (see DEBT). The verb sense dates from the 17th de bunk di bangk) . (trans.] expose the falseness or poes on abortion there has been much debate about cent.; the current noun sense from the late 18th cent. hollowness of (a myth, idea, or belief): the magazine deb.it card »n. a card issued by a bank allowing the that debunks claims of the paranormal. argue about (a subject), esp. in a formal man holder to transfer money electronically to another reduce the inflated reputation of (someone), esp. by board debated his proposall the date when people bank account when making a purchase. ridicule: comedy takes delight in debunking heroes. entered America is hotły debated. deb•o•nair,debə'nert adj. (of a man) confident, sty -DERIVATIVES de bunk er n.; de bunkvereyn. y cause] consider a possible course of action in lish, and charming. de burr de'bər (also debur) ». (deburred, debur- mind before reaching a decision: he debated -DERIVATIVES deb o`nair•ly adv. ring) [trans.] neaten and smooth the rough edges or er he should leave the matter alone or speak to her. -ORIGIN Middle English in the sense 'meek or cour ridges of (an object, typically one made of metal): S oos be open to debate be unproven; require teous'): from Old French debonaire, from de bon aire hand tools for deburring holes in metal uscussion, under debate being discussed or 'of good disposition.' De bus sy debyoo'sē;,da-i, (Achille) Claude de-bone de'bon > remove the bones from (meat, (1862-1918), French composer and critic, Debussy poultry, or fish), esp. before cooking. incorporated the ideas of impressionist art and sym- Middle English: via Old French from Latin Deb o'rah 'deb(ə)rol a biblical prophet and leader bolist poetry into music, using melodies based on the essing reversal) + battere 'to fight.' who inspired the Israelite army to defeat the Canaan- y point n. an extraneous proposition or in ites (Judges 4–5). The "Song of Deborah," a song of See page xxxviii for the Key to Pronunciation AY. . . . . . d .. . .. . . .. . om. . . . B. RE drew .. . 5W. sputed RIVATIVES de bateer n. bat-ing point Dha ka 2 diagonal BOS SW tor: Saudi Arabia that was an Allied forces port and mili- Chemistry containing two atoms, molecules, or groups tary base during the Persian Gulf War; pop. 74,000.. .of a specified kind: dioxide.. . Dhaka 'däka; 'dæks! (also Dacca) the capital of .-ORIGIN from Greek dis 'twice. U Bangladesh, in the central part of the country, on the di-2 >prefix variant spelling of Diş-before l, m, n, t, s (fol- Gangės delta; pop: 3,637,890.. . lowed by a consonant), and v; also often before g, and -DERIVATIVES Dha.kai 'däk, 7; 'dæk,il adj. sometimes before j. .. dhal idal (also dal or dahl) n. split pulses, a com -ORIGIN from Latin. mon foodstuff in India. " di-3 »prefix variant spelling of DIA-before a vowel (as in I a dish made with these dielectric). . -ORIĠIN from Hindi dal. . dia. sabbr. diameter. dhamsma |'dämal n. another term for DHARMA, esp. dia- (also di- before a vowel) >prefix 1 through; across: among Theravada Buddhists. diameter diaphanous diuretic. ORIGIN Pali, from Sanskrit dharma 'decree or cus 2 apart: diakinesis. tom.''.... -ORIGIN from Greek dia 'through. Dhan.bad I'dän,bädl a city in northeastern India, in di•a base dia,bas n. Geology another term for DOL- Bihar; pop. 818,000. .. ERITE. dhanosak 'don, säk! n. an Indian dish of meat or -ORIGIN mid 19th cent. (originally denoting diorite): vegetables cooked with lentils and coriander: chicken from French, formed irregularly as if from di- two'+ dhansak....... . . . . ... .. base 'base (thus 'rock with two bases,' referring to the -ORIGIN Gujarati...! base minerals of diorite), but associated later perhaps dharma | därmal »n. 1 Hinduism the principle of cos with Greek diabasis 'transition.'.. . .. mic order. di-a.betes die'betēz; -tis. n. a disorder of the me virtue, righteousness, and duty, esp. social and caste tabolism causing excessive thirst and the production duty in accord with the cosmic order. .. " of large amounts of urine. .. 2 Buddhism the teaching or religion of the Buddha." -ORIGIN mid 16th cent.: via Latin from Greek, liter- one of the fundamental elements of which the world ally 'siphon, from diabainein go through. is composed.. di a betes in sipoodus |in'sipidas n. a rare form -ORIGIN late 18th cent.: Sanskrit, literally decree or of diabetes caused by a deficiency of the pituitary hor- custotn.' mone vasopressin, which regulates kidney function. dharma sha-la,därma'shäla (also dharmsala -ORIGIN late 19th cent.: from DIABETES + Latin insip- }-säləl) »n. (in the Indian subcontinent) a building idus 'insipid.' . .:: . devoted to religious or charitable purposes, esp. a rest dica.betes mel•lietus 'ma'lītəs; 'meli-| n. the com- house for travelers. .. monest form of diabetes, caused by a deficiency of the -ORIGIN from Sanskrit dharmaśālā, from dharma 'vir pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure tue + sala 'house...... . . . to metabolize sugars and starch. Sugars accumulate in dharena ſ'därnal >n. Indian a mode of compelling pay the blood and urine, and the by-products of alterna- ment or compliance, by sitting at the debtor's or of tive fat metabolisin disturb the acid-base balance of fender's door without eating until the demand is com the blood, causing a risk of convulsions and coma. plied with,... ..... . . . . -ORIGIN late 19th cent.: from DIABETES + Latin mel- a peaceful demonstration. litus 'sweet. . .. . . . . -ORIGIN from Hindi dharnā sitting in restraint, plac diva-bestic,dia'betik adj. having diabetes. . ing." relating to or designed to relieve diabetes: a diabetic Dharuk I'də,rookl »n. an Aboriginal language of the clinic 1 a diabetic diet. . . area around Sydney, Australia, now extinct. n. a person suffering from diabetes, Dharowar där'wär) a city in southern India, twinned di-a-bleerle de'äbləré) nreckless mischief; charis- with Hubli, in Karnataka state, noted for manufactur matic wildness: the beauty and diablerie of the great ac- ing textiles; pop. 648,000.- Dhaula-gieri lidowla'girēl a mountain inassif in Ne archald sorcery supposedly assisted by the devil. . pal, in the Himalayas, that has six peaks and rises to -ORIGIN mid 18th cent.: from French, from diable, 26,810 feet (8,172 m) at its highest point. ..! froin ecclesiastical Latin diabolus 'devil.'. ' DHEA abbr. dihydroepiandrosterone. ** diva.bol•local l,dia'bålikǝl] (also diabolic) adi. be- Dhelefoí (THel'fe | Greek name for DELPHI longing to or so evil as to recall the Devil: his diabolical dhikr Thikər »n Islam a form of devotion, associated cunning. chiefly with Sufism, in which the worshiper is ab -DERIVATIVES di-a-boloocal.ly |-ik(a)la| adv. [as sub- sorbed in the rhythmic repetition of the name of God modifier] I am going to get diabolically drunk. or his attributes. .. dieabeo.lism (di'æbə, lizam, »n. worship of the Devil. . a Sufi ceremony in which this is practiced.. devilish or atrociously wicked conduct. Dhíolos 'THēlôs | Greek naine for DELOS.. -DERIVATIVES dieabeo-list n. dhoobl 'dobel»n. (pl. dhobis) (in the Indian subcon -ORIGIN early 17th cent.: from ecclesiastical Latin di- tinent) a washerman or washerwoman, abolus or Greek diabolos 'devil' + -ISM.", -ORIGIN from Hindi dhobt, from dhob'washing... divab olize (di'æba,līz. Þv. (trans.] archaic represent as dho.bi itch -n. informal itching inflammation of the skin, diabolical.. 'esp. in the groin region, suffered particularly in the tropics and typically caused by certain types of ring two-headed top is thrown up and caught with a string worm infection or by allergic dermatitis. . stretched between two sticks. Dhoofar do'fär| the fertile southern province of the wooden top used in this game. Oman. -ORIGIN early 20th cent.: from Italian, from ecclesi- dhol doll in a large, barrel-shaped or cylindrical astical Latin diabolus 'devil'; the game was formerly wooden drum, typically two-headed, used in the In called devil on two sticks." dian subcontinent. divaºce tylomorphine lidīə,sētl'môrfen n. techni- -ORIGIN from Hindi dhol.. . . . 'cal term for HEROIN. .. *** dho'lak |'dölək/ »n. a dhol, esp. a relatively small one. dioa-chronºic l,dia'kränikl adj. concerned with the -ORIGIN Hindi, from dhol (see DHOL) + the diminu way in which something, esp. language, has developed tive suffix -ak. . . and evolved through time. Often contrasted with SYN- dhole doll >n. an Asian wild dog that has a sandy coat CHRONIC. .: '. .. and a black, bushy tail and lives in packs. -DERIVATIVES dica®chroºne-i-ty -kra'naite | n; di •Cuon alpinus, family Canidae. a chronolocal.ly -ik(əle adv.; di•a.chron•Isotic -ORIGIN early 19th cent.: of unknown origin. I, kra'nistik) adj.; di-achero'ny di'ækrane n... dhooti 'dotë | n. (pl. dhotis) a loincloth worn by male -ORIGIN mid 19th cent.: from DIA-through' + Greek Hindus.. .. ... . Khronos 'time + -1C.. . -ORIGIN from Hindi dhoti. di a•chronoism di'ækrə nizam pn. Geology the occur- dhow dow) »ni a lateen-rigged ship with one or two masts, used in the Indian Ocean.' -ORIGIN late 18th cent.: from Arabic dāwa, probably related to Marathi dāw. DHT abbr. dihydrotestosterone. dhurorle'dooral (also durrle) n. (pl. -ies) a heavy cotton rug of Indian origin. -ORIGIN from Hindi darī. dhya.na di'yänə "n. (in Hindū and Buddhist prac- tice) profound meditation that is the penultimate stage of yoga. . -ORIGIN from Sanskrit dhyāna. DI abbr. drill instructor.. di-l comb. form twice; two-; double: dichromatic. dhow rence of a feature or phenomenon in different geolog- ical periods. -DERIVATIVES divach.ro nous -nəs ade dieach ro nousely |-nasla | adv.: dicac.o'nal d'akanladj. relating to a deacon, or to the role of a deacon: education for both ordained and di- aconal ministers." ORIGIN early 17th cent.: from ecclesiastical Latin di- aconalis, from diaconus (see DEACON). di ac«o«nate di'ækənit; -nät n. the office of dea- con, or a person's tenure of it..:: a body of deacons collectively -ORIGIN early 18th cent.: from ecclesiastical Latin di- aconatis, from diaconus (see DEACON). di a critic lidia'kritik| n. a sign, such as an accent of 'cedilla, which when written above or below a letter in- dicates a difference in pronunciation from the same letter when unmarked or differently marked. adj. (of a mark or sign) indicating a difference in pro- nunciation.. . . .......! -ORIGIN late 17th cent.: from Greek diakritikos, from diakrinsin distinguish, from dia- 'through? + krinein to separate.! di-a crit-i•cal 1 dia'kritikəlį adj. (of a mark or sign) Serving to indicate different pronunciations of a letter above or below which it is written. .! -DERIVATIVES di-a.crit•i•cally |-ik@lē, ady. di•a delphous 1 dia'delfast adj. Botany (of stamens) united by their filaments so as to form two groups. ORIGIN early 19th cent.: from Di-1 two? + Greeks adelphos brother + -ous.:) dira•dem 1'dia,dem »n. a jeweled crown or headband worn as a symbol of sovereignty. (the diadem) archaic the authority or dignity sym- bolized by a diadem: the princely diadem. -DERIVATIVES dieaedemed adj. -ORIGIN Middle English: from Old French diademe, au via Latin from Greek diadēma 'the regal headband of 2 the Persian kings, from diadein 'bind around.' di aeree sis »n. variant spelling of DIERESIS. diag. abbr, 'n diagonal. . diagram. dloa.genoeosis 1dia'jenəsis n. Geology the physical and chemical changes occurring during the conver sion of sediment to sedimentary rock. -DERIVATIVES diva geenetic l-ja'netikſ adj., dia. ge«neti-cal.ly |-jalnetik(ə)leſ ady. . Dia.ghi·lev (deläga,lef], Sergei (Pavlovich) (1872- 1929), Russian baller impresario. In 1909, he formed the Ballers Russes, which he directed until his death di•agºnose,diag'nos v. [trans.] identify the nature of an illness or other problem) by examination of the symptoms: doctors diagnosed a rare and fatal liver dis- ease.:: (usu. be dlagnosed) identify the nature of the medical condition of someone): she was finally di- agnosed as having epilepsy | 20,000 men are diag- nosed with skin cancer every year. .. -DERIVATIVES diagonos aoble adj. -ORIGIN mid 19th cent.: back-formation from DIAG- NOSIS. di-agonoosis,diag'nosis »n. (pl. diagnoses l-sez!) 1 the identification of the nature of an illness or other problem by examination of the symptoms: early diag: nosis and treatment are essential | a diagnosis of Crohn's disease was made.. . 2 the distinctive characterization in precise terins of a genus, species, or phenomenon. -ORIGIN late 17th cent.: modern Latin, from Greek, from diagignöskein 'distinguish, discern, from dia 'apart' + gignõskein recognize, know? divagonosotic lidiag'nästik adj. 1 concerned with the diagnosis of illness or other problems: a diagnostic wool, (of a symptom) distinctive, and so indicating the na: ture of an illness: there are fifteen infections that are di- agnostic of AIDS: 2 characteristic of a particular species, genus, or phe nomenon: the diagnostic character of having not one bil two pairs of antennae.. n. 1 a distinctive symptom or characteristic Computing a program or routine that helps a user to identify 'errors: he used his built-in diagnostics to check all his hardware to see that it was running correctly. 2 (diagnostics) the practice or techniques of diagno- sis: advanced medical diagnostics. -DERIVATIVEs dl.agenosoti-cal.ly -ikəlē | adv.; die, agonosoti-cian 1-, näs'tiszənn. -ORIGIN early 17th cent.: from Greek diagnostikos 'able to distinguish;' from diagignõskein 'distinguish', the noun from hē diagnostika tekhnë 'the art of distin- guishirig (disease).**** di agoonial di'æganl| (abbr.: diag.) Sadj. (of a straight line) joining two opposite corners of a square, rectangle, or other straight-sided shape. (of a line) straight and at an angle; slanting: a tie wid diagonal stripes. UD SP intena past experience. I (esp. SUS VWS integracageumi 38-cv-00339-ADA Document 168825 Filed 10/25/19 Page 7 of 12- involving only integers, esp. as coefficients of a func grated software and hardware systems, Electronics a in.tel·liógence test n. a test designed to meet tion. computer chip or circuit that performs mathemati ability to think and reason rather than a >n. Mathematics a function of which a given function is the cal integration. an instrument for indicating or knowledge. derivative, i.e., which yields that function when differ registering the total amount or mean value of some in•tel•li.gent in'telijant adj. having or showing entiated, and which may express the area under the physical quality such as area or temperature. telligence, esp. of a high level: Annabelle is curve of a graph of the function. See also DEFINITE IN in•tegóriety lin'tegritēs n. 1 the quality of being hon and hardworking an intelligent guess. A n TEGRAL, INDEFINITE INTEGRAL. est and having strong moral principles; moral upright (of a device, machine, or building) able to Ia function satisfying a given differential equation. ness: he is known to be a man of integrity. • state or action in response to varying sites -DERIVATIVES In-te-gral•lety 1,inti grælite n; inte 2 the state of being whole and undivided: upholding varying requirements, and past experience gral•ly adv. territorial integrity and national sovereignty. of a computer terminal) incorporating a mica -ORIGIN mid 16th cent.: from late Latin integralis, the condition of being unified, unimpaired, or essor and having its own processing capabilities from integer 'whole' (see INTEGER). Compare with IN sound in construction: the structural integrity of the ten contrasted with DUMB. TEGRATE and INTEGRITY. novel. E internal consistency or lack of corruption in -DERIVATIVES Intel•ll.gent.ly adv. in.te•gral cal.cuolus n. a branch of mathematics electronic data: (as adj.) integrity checking. -ORIGIN early 16th cent.: from Latin intellipen concerned with the determination, properties, and ap -ORIGIN late Middle English (sense 2): from French derstanding,' from the verb intelligere, varianta plication of integrals. Compare with DIFFERENTIAL intégrité or Latin integritas; from integer 'intact' (see IN legere 'understand, from inter 'between a CALCULUS. TEGER). Compare with ENTIRETY, INTEGRAL, and INTE 'choose inte-grand l'intigrənd, »n. Mathematics a function that GRATE. In•tel-li•gentosi a inteli'jentsēəl »n. (usu, then is to be integrated. integ•u•ment (in'tegyəmant. n. a tough outer pro ·ligentsia) treated as sing. or pl.] intellectuals or his -ORIGIN late 19th cent.: from Latin integrandus, ger- tective layer, esp. that of an animal or plant. educated people as a group, esp. when regardia undive of integrare (see INTEGRATE). -DERIVATIVES in-tegouemental |-, tegyə'menti adj.; possessing culture and political influence.1998 Inote«grant 'intigrənt adj. (of parts) making up or In•tegoumen.taory 1 - tegyə'mentǝre adj. -ORIGIN early 20th cent: from Russian intelligence contributing to a whole; constituent. -ORIGIN early 17th cent. (denoting a covering or from Polish inteligencja, from Latin intelligent n. a component. coating): from Latin integumentum, from the verb inte INTELLIGENCE). -ORIGIN mid 17th cent. (as an adjective): from gere, from in- 'in' + tegere 'to cover.' intel·li·glble Jin'telijəbəl| adj. able to be use French intégrant, from the verb intégrer, from Latin in In•tellect l'inti,ekt n. the faculty of reasoning and stood; comprehensible: this would make the systeme tegrare (see INTEGRATE). understanding objectively, esp, with regard to abstract intelligible to the general public. in•te grate ». l'intigrāt| [trans.] 1 combine (one or academic matters: he was a man of action rather than Philosophy able to be understood only by the way thing) with another so that they become a whole: of intellect. not by the senses. transportation planning should be integrated with en the understanding or mental powers of a particular -DERIVATIVES in•tel•li.gi-bil•l•ty 1-stelija'bilitet, ergy policy person: his keen intellect. I an intelligent or intellec Intel.ligi-bly l-blel ady. ble ady- combine (two things) so that they become a whole: tual person: sapping our country of some of its brightest -ORIGIN late Middle English (also in the sense the problem of integrating the two approaches. (intrans.] intellects. ble of understanding'): from Latin intelligibi (of a thing) combine with another to form a whole: -ORIGIN late Middle English: from Latin intellectus intelligere 'understand' (see INTELLIGENT). the stone will blend with the environment and inte- understanding,' from intellegere 'understand' (see IN In•tel•sat l'intel, sæt an international organization o grate into the landscape. TELLIGENT). more than 100 countries, formed in 1964, that own 2 bring into equal participation in or membership of in•tel·lection 1,inti'ekszən | >n the action or process and operates the worldwide commercial communid society or an institution or body: integrating children of understanding, as opposed to imagination. tions satellite system, with special needs into ordinary schools. -DERIVATIVES in.tel•lective -tiv adj. -ORIGIN from In(ternational) Tel(ecommunicate intrans.] come into equal participation in or mem in•tel•lecotu•al l,intl'ekchawall adj. of or relating to Satellite Consortium). bership of society or an institution or body: she was the intellect: children need intellectual stimulation. In•tem per ate in'temp(ə)rit adj. having or sho anxious to integrate well into her husband's family. appealing to or requiring use of the intellect: the ing a lack of self-control; immoderate: intemperate 3 desegregate (a school, neighborhood, etc.), esp. movie wasn't very intellectual, but it caught the mood of bursts concerning global conspiracies. racially, there was a national campaign under way to in the times. W possessing a highly developed intellect: given to or characterized by excessive indulgence tegrate the lunch counters [intrans.] cities' efforts to inte you are an intellectual girl, like your mother. esp. in alcohol: an intemperate social occasion grate across urban-suburban lines. >n a person possessing a highly developed intellect. -DERIVATIVES Inotemoper ance |-rans Inst 4 Mathematics find the integral of. -DERIVATIVES Intel·lec-tural.i.ty linta lekcha'wa- per ate ly adv.; intem.per ate ness n. -DERIVATIVES Inte•gra bil.ity 1,intigra'bilite n.; litel n.; in•tellectu'al·ly adv. -ORIGIN late Middle English (in the sense ind in te grable 1-grəbəl] adj.; In•te grative |-gradiv adj. -ORIGIN late Middle English: from Latin intellectualis, ent'): from Latin intemperatus, from in- 'not flemmar -ORIGIN mid 17th cent.: from Latin integrat-'made from intellectus 'understanding,' from intellegere fun atus (see TEMPERATE). whole,' from the verb integrare, from integer 'whole' derstand' (see INTELLIGENT). inotend in'tend! ». (trans.) 1 have (a course of action (see INTEGER). Compare with INTEGRAL and INTEG in•tellecotu«al«ism linti'ekchəwa, lizəm| n. the ex as one's purpose or objective; plan: [with Mintve) AITY. ercise of the intellect at the expense of the emotions. company intends to cut about 4,500 jobs (with das in.te-grat.ed l'inti,gratid padj. having been inte Philosophy the theory that knowledge is wholly or is intended that coverage shall be worldwide, grated, in particular: mainly derived from pure reason; rationalism. plan that (something) function in a particular de (of an institution, body, etc.) desegregated, esp. -DERIVATIVES in•tellectuºal ist n. .. series of questions intended as a checklisteplads racially: integrated education. with various parts or -ORIGIN early 19th cent. (as a term in philosophy): speech should have a particular meaning aspects linked or coordinated: an integrated and from INTELLECTUAL, on the pattern of German In fense was intended, I assure you." high-quality public transportation system, chiefly Phys. tellektualismus. 2 design or destine (someone or something for a pare ics indicating the mean value or total sum of (tem In•tel•lec-tu alize 1,intl'ekchəwa, liz| v. [trans.) ticular purpose or end: pigs intended for humor perature, an area, etc.): Integrated electron density 1 give an intellectual character to: belief was a gut feel sumption (with infinitive) a one-room cottage trong along the line of sight. ingit couldn't be intellectualized. accommodate a family. in•te grat•ed cirocuit »n. an electronic circuit formed 2 (intrans.) talk, write, or think intellectually: people who * (be intended for) be meant or designed for on a small piece of semiconducting material, perform intellectualize about fashion. ticular person or group) to have or use: A ing the same function as a larger circuit made from -DERIVATIVES In•tel·lec-tu al•i•za•tion 1.,ekchəwa intended for people incapable of work. discrete components." li'zaszənn. -DERIVATIVES Intendøern.' integrateed servic•es digital netework (abbr.: in.tel·lec.tu al property>n. Law a work or invention -ORIGIN Middle English entend (in the sense ISDN) n. a telecommunications network through that is the result of creativity, such as a manuscript or the attention to'), from Old French entendre which sound, images, and data can be transmitted as a design, to which one has rights and for whịch one Latin intendere 'intend, extend, direct, from digitized signals. may apply for a patent, copyright, trademark, etc. ward' + tendere 'stretch, tend.' in•te grating 'inti grātiNG adj. (of an instrument) in.tel ll.gence in'telijansn. 1 the ability to acquire in•tendeant in'tendant n. 1 che indicating the mean value or total sum of a measured and apply knowledge and skills: an eminent man of given to a high-ranking official or admin one quantity. great intelligence they underestimated her intelligence, in France, Spain, Portugal, or one of them In•te gra tion linti grashan| Ⓡn. 1 the action or proc a person or being with this ability: extraterrestrial in 2 the administrator of an opera house of ess of integrating: economic and political integration | telligences. -DERIVATIVES in-tendean.cy 1-dənsen integration of individual countries into trading blocs. French from the 2 the collection of information of military or political -ORIGIN mid 17th cent.: from French, tron the intermixing of people or groups previously seg value: the chief of military intelligence (as adj.] the intel tendere 'to direct (see INTEND). regated: integration is the best hope for both black and ligence department. inotendred in'tendidadj. (atinb.] plann white Americans. people employed in this, regarded collectively: the intended victim escaped. 2 Mathematics the finding of an integral or integrals: in French intelligence has been able to secure numerous lo- n. (one's intended) informal the pers tegration of an ordinary differential equation 1 mathemat cal informers. information collected in this way: the marry; one's fiancé or fiancée. ical integrations. gathering of intelligence. archaic information in gen -DERIVATIVes inotendeed ly adv. 3 Psychology the coordination of processes in the nerv eral; news. inotend•Ing in'tendiNG adj. [attribos ous system, including diverse sensory information and -DERIVATIVES in•tel•li.gen.tial fin, telə'jenchall adj. planning or meaning to motor impulses: visuomotor integration. (archaic). an intending client Psychoanalysis the process by which a well-balanced -ORIGIN late Middle English: via Old French from In•tend•ment intendmant psyche becomes whole as the developing ego orga Latin intelligentia, from intelligere 'understand' (see IN- which the law understands or interp nizes the id, and the state that results or that treat TELLIGENT). such as the true intention of a piece otorg ment seeks to create or restore by countering the in-tel.liegence quo tient (abbr.: IQ) n. a number -ORIGIN late Middle English (denotin fragmenting effect of defense mechanisms... representing a person's reasoning ability (measured meaning): from Old French entender -DERIVATives in te gra tion.ist -nistin. using problem-solving tests) as compared to the sta dre "intend! In•te•gra•tor l'inti gratar »n a person or thing that tistical norm or average for their age, taken as 100. In•tense in'tens) adj. 1 (of a condige integrates, in particular: . in-tel•li-genc-er in'telijənsər; -jen-| »n. archaic a per- ing, etc.) existing in a high degrees (also system Integrator or systems integrator) son who gathers intelligence, esp. an informer, spy, or tremne: the job demands intense com Computing a company that markets commercial inte secret agent. was intense, E. endant n. 1 chiefly historical cuck. .. ormal the person one in. ... ng to do or be the specified and ... nds or interprets som. . cha, . . was intense concentrano. - Mich 2 microdot O Medicine abnor. condition as- . -DERIVATIVES mlocel•lar mi'selər adj. -ORIGIN late 19th cent.: coined as a diminutive of Latin mica 'crumb.' Mich, abbr. Michigan. Mi•chaeolis con•stant mə'kālis n. Biochemistry the concentration of a given enzyme that catalyzes the as- sociated reaction at half the maximum rate. -ORIGIN 1930s: named after Leonor Michaelis (1875-1949), German-born American chemist. Mich•ael•mas I'mikəlməs n. the feast of St. Michael, September 29. -ORIGIN Old English Sanct Michaeles messe 'Saint Michael's Mass,' referring to the Archangel. Michºael•mas dai•syn, chiefly Brit. an aster, esp, Aster novae-belgii, a North American aster with numerous pinkish-lilac daisylike flowers that bloom around Michaelmas.. Mi•chelan•ge.lo limikəl'ænjalo;,mikəl-;,měke'lä- njelo (1475-1564), Italian sculptor, painter, archi- tect, and poet; full name Michelangelo Buonarroti. A leading figure of the High Renaissance, Michelangelo established his reputation with sculptures such as the Pietà (c. 1497-1500) and David (1501-04). Under pa- pal patronage he decorated the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome (1508-12) and painted the fresco The Last Judgment (1536-41), both important man- nerist works. His.architectural achievements include the completion of St. Peter's cathedral in Rome (1546-64).. . CHISIPIN NIVAL 13 V am -ORIGIN mid 19th cent.: nickname for the given mi cro.cel·lular | mikro'selyələradj. containine name Michael. made up of minute cells. mickey I'mikel »n. 1 (also Mickey) short for MICKEY (of a mobile telephone system) having small chi FINN: 1 bet some guy slipped me a mickey, typically with a radius of less than half a mile, 2 (in phrase take the mickey) informal, chiefly Brit. teasem locrocephoa ly limikro'sefəlal on. Medicine abno or ridicule someone. mal smallness of the head, a congenital condition -ORIGIN 1950s: of unknown origin. sociated with incomplete brain development. Mickey Finn 'mike 'fin »n. informal a surreptitiously -DERIVATIVES mlocro.cephalolc | -sa'fælik adik drugged or doctored drink given to someone so as to mi-cro cephóa.lous |-'sefələst adj. make them drunk or insensible. mi•cro•chem•is try limikro'kemastrel n. the the substance used to adulterate such a drink. branch of chemistry concerned with the reactions -ORIGIN 1920s: of unknown origin; sometimes said properties of substances in minute quantities, e... in to be the name of a notorious Chicago saloonkeeper living tissue. (c. 1896-1906). . mi-cro.chip I'mikrð,chipin. a tiny wafer of semicon Mick-ey Mouse,mike 'mows a Walt Disney cartoon ducting material used to make an integrated circuit character who first appeared as Mortimer Mouse in Mi-crochi.ropoter al mikrokə'räptərə| Zoology a man 1927, becoming Mickey in 1928. During the 1930s, jor division of bats that comprises all but the fruit bats he became established as the central Disney character. Suborder Microchiroptera, order Chiroptera: many family ^ [as adj.] (also mickey mouse) informal trivial or of in lies. ferior quality: people think you're a Mickey Mouse out -DERIVATIVES ml•cro.chi-ropterean n. & adi. fit if you work from home. -ORIGIN modern Latin (plural), from MICRO- 'smali mick•le 'mikəll (also muckle 'məkəll) archaic or + Greek kheir hand' + pteron 'wing.'. . Scottish & N.English »n. a large amount. mi•cro-circuit 'mikrő,sarkat n. a minute electric adj. very large: she had a great big elephant ... that's one circuit, esp. an integrated circuit. .. of those mickle beasts from Africa. -DERIVATIVES ml•cro-cirocuitory mikro'sörkətie adj. & pron much; a large amount. -PHRASES many a little makes a mickle (also many mi•cro circulation,mikro, sarkya'lashən»n.ch a mickle makes a muckle) proverb many small culation of the blood in the smallest blood vessels. amounts accumulate to make a large amount. -DERIVATIVES mi cro.clr«cu•la to ry. 1-sarkyals -ORIGIN Old English micel 'great, numerous, much, tôre adi.. of Germanic origin; from an Indo-European root mi•cro climate '|'mikro,kliməti on, the climate of a shared by Greek megas, megal- very small or restricted area, esp. when this differs Mic mac |'rnik,mæk (also Mi'kmaq) »n. (pl. same or from the climate of the surrounding area. van Micmacs) 1 a thember of an American Indian people -DERIVATIVES mlocro.cll.mat.ic l, mikro, klimatik1 inkläbiting the Maritime Provinces of Canada. adj.; ml•cro•cliemat local.ly 1.mikro,kli'mætikale 2 the Algonquian language of this people. adv. adj. of or relating to this people or their language. miicro cline I'mikro klinn. a green, pink, or brown -ORIGIN via French from the Micmac self crystalline mineral consisting of potassium-rich feld designation mik maw. spar, characteristic of granite and pegmatites. mi crite 'mik rīt; 'mi,krīt»n. Geology microcrystalline -ORIGIN mid 19th cent.: from German Microklin calcite present in some types of limestone, from Greek mikros 'small' + klinein 'to lean (becaus limestone consisting chiefly of this. its angle of cleavage differs only slightly from 90 de- -DERIVATIVES miscritoic mi'kritik; mi-l adj. grees). -ORIGIN 1950s: from microcrystalline) + -ITE! micro.cococus mikrokäkəs r. (pl. micrococcl mi•cro 'mikro n. (pl. -os) 1 short for MICROCOMPU |-'käk,(s)ī; -'käk(s)a) a spherical bacterium that is TEA, typically found on dead or decaying organic matter. 2 short for MICROPROCESSOR. Nonpathogenic forms are found on human and ans adj. (attrib.) extremely small: a micro dining area. mal skin. small-scale: CO2 emissions cannot be dealt with at the Family Micrococcaceae of Gram-positive nonmotile bacte micro level. Often contrasted with MACAO, ria, in particular the genera Micrococcus and Staphylococcus micro- comb. form 1 small: microcar. -DERIVATIVES mi cro•coccal adj. of reduced or restricted size: microdot | microproces mi•croscode 'mikrə, kod] »n. Computing a very low sor. level instruction set that is stored permanently in 23 2 (used commonly in units of measurement) denoting computer or peripheral controller and controls the a factor of one millionth (10-6): microfarad. operation of the device. . -ORIGIN from Greek mikros 'small.' mf-cro.com.pu-ter 'mikrökəm,pyoogər n. a small mi cro•a*nal•yºsis mikrða'næləsəs n. the quanti computer that contains a microprocessor as its centra ras its central tative analysis of chemical compounds using a sample processor. of a few milligrams. ml•cro•conti•nent I,mikro'käntn-ant ». Geology and -DERIVATIVES mi-cro an•aelytoic lænl'itik| adj.; isolated fragment of continental crust forming part mi-cro an alyt•i•cal -ænl'igikaladi. a small crust plate. mi•crowan•a•lyzeer I,mikro'ænl,izar n. another miocro'copy 'mikro, käpel n. (pl. les) a copy of term for MICROPROBE. printed matter that has been reduced in size bym mi•cro.bal•ance,mikro'bælans n. a balance for crophotography, weighing masses of a fraction of a gram. V. (-ies, -led) (trans.) make a microcopy of a miocrobe I'mi,krob n. a microorganism, esp. a bac- mi•cro-cosm l'mikro, käzən (also microsis terium causing disease or fermentation. mikra'käzmas; -'käzmos>. a community Parts -DERIVATIVES mlecro.bival mni'krðbeall adj.; mio or situation regarded as encapsulating in miniature cro:bic mikrobikad. the characteristic qualities or features of something -ORIGIN late 19th cent.: from French, from Greek much larger: Berlin is a microcosm of Germany, in ung mikros 'small' + bios "life,' as in division. mi«cro.bi«ol«ogy,mikro,bi'äləje n. the branch of "hurnankind regarded as the epitome of the unive science that deals with microorganisms. -PHRASES in microcosm in miniature. -DERIVATIVES mi cro.bi-o-logic 1 - bia'lājik! adj. -DERIVATIVES ml•croecos mic), mikra'kazini mlecro-biºo logol•cal l-,bia'läjikəl| adj.; mi-cro.biºo. mi-crocos.mi.cal.ly -'käzmik(ə)lel adv. logolocal.ly -, bia'läjik(a)le| adv.; miocro.bi-olºo•gist -ORIGIN Middle English: from Old French .1-jist. cosme or medieval Latin microcosmus, from A mi cro.bi•o•ta 1,mikro, bi'ötə} →n the microorgan- mikros kosmos little world. isms of a particular site, habitat, or geological period. mi•croucos mic salt .mikra'käzmik ». Crest mi•crobrew I'mikrə,brool n. a type of beer pro- white crystalline salt obtained from human unincs duced in a microbrewery. Hydrated sodium ammonium hydrogen phosph v. (trans.) (usu. be microbrewed) produce (beer) in a formula: HNANH_PO4.4H20. microbrewery: the beer is microbrewed in Racine (as -ORIGIN late 18th cent.: translauns adj.) (microbrewed) microbrewed beer. micus. -DERIVATIVBS mlocro-breweer n. mi•cro crystal·line,mikro'kristalin; los mi•cro brewery i mikrə'brovare n. (pl. -les) a adj. (of a material) formed of limited-production brewery, typically producing spe- mi.croºcyte l'mikrə.sit n. Medicine and cialty beers and often selling its products only locally. small red blood cell, associated with certa miocro.burst I'mikro,bərst] n. a sudden, powerful, -DERIVATIyes mi-cro•cytolc,mikro'sim localized air current, esp. a downdraft.. mi•cro•denosi tom•eoter mikro, densa mi•cro cap•sule,mikro'kæpsal; -sool) n. a small a densitometer for measuring the density capsule used to contain drugs, dyes, or other sub- areas of a photographic image. stances and render them temporarily inactive. mlocro.dot 'mikra, dät n. 1 a microp mi•cro•car l'mīkrā, kär n. a small and fuel-effi of a printed or written docum cient car 0.04 inch (1 mm) across. Michelangelo WW. 29 Y SAAV LLLLLLLL Mi•che.lin 'mishǝlen, André (1853-1931) and Édouard (1859-1940), French industrialists. They founded the Michelin Tire Company in 1888 and pi- oneered the use of pneumatic tires on automobiles. Mioche-lozozo meke'lôts (1396-1472), Italian ar- chitect and sculptor; full name Michelozzo di Barto- lommeo. In partnership with Ghiberti and Donatello, he led a revival of interest in Roman architecture. Mi•chel.son I'mikəlsən, Albert Abraham (1852- 1931), US physicist. He specialized in precision meas. urement in experimental physics. Nobel Prize for Physics (1907). Mi•chel•son-Morley ex per•i•ment 1.mlkəlsən 'môrie | Physics an experiment performed in 1887 that attempted to measure the relative motion of the earth and the ether by measuring the speed of light in direc- tions parallel and perpendicular to the earth's motion. The result disproved the existence of the ether, which contradicted Newtonian physics but was explained by Einstein's special theory of relativity. -ORIGIN named after A. A. MICHELSON and E. W. MORLEY. Miche.ner I'mich(ə)nər, James (Albert) (1907-97), US writer. He wrote Tales of the South Pacific (1947), which was made into the Broadway musical South Pa- cific (1949). He was also known for other fictionalized histories that included Hawaii (1959), Chesapeake (1978), Texas (1985), Alaska (1988), and A Miracle in Seville (1995).. Mich•i•gan 'miskigən, a state in the horthern US, bordered on the west, north, and east by lakes Michi- gan, Superior, Huron, and Erie; pop. 9,938,444; capi- tal, Lansing; statehood, Jan. 26, 1837 (26). It was ac- quired from Britain by the US in 1783. -DERIVATIVES Mich•i•gan•der l-gændər| . Michel•gan•der | mishi'gændərin. a native or inhab- itant of Michigan. .. Mich.l.gan, Lake one of the five Great Lakes. Bor- dered by Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, and Indiana, it is the only one of the Great Lakes to lie wholly within the US. The cities of Milwaukee and Chicago are on its shores. Mi…chovacán măCHOwe'kẫn| a state of western Mexico, on the Pacific coast; capital, Morelia. Mick mik »n. informal, offensive an Irishman. W HF04.4H20. .. me n cent.: translating Latin sal mich. eral) formed of microscopic crystals ted with certain anem c!,mikra'sidik a .BR " N 1 microphotograp! printed or written document, that is ou onager ther forward; in an advanced state: une's getting on. him on this afternoon. 01. Uof a performer, etc. an employee) working. photon. AKANG 1195 Oneida wase o.10 troo339-ADA Document 167-5 Filed 10/25/19 Page 9 of 12. . in an advanced state: later on conj. as soon as; when: once the grapes were pressed, the juice was put into barrels. ily identified: they had to buy their own copies rather tainment or other event) taking place or -PHRASES all at once 1 without warning; suddenly: than waiting to borrow one do you want one? sented: what's on at the festival there's a good all at once the noise stopped. 2 all at the same time: 2 a person of a specified kind: you're the one who ruined scared and excited all at once, at once 1 immediately: I her life | Eleanor was never one to be trifled with my 6/1994 replace as planned: the reorganization is still fell asleep at once. 2 simultaneously: computers that can friends and loved ones. adue to take place do many things at once. for once (or this once) on this a person who is remarkable or extraordinary in ectrical appliance or power supply) func occasion only, as an exception: He was glad that for some way you never saw such a one for figures. they always left the lights on. once he head not listened, once a, always a pro 3 (third person singular) used to refer to any person as rep- rformer, etc.) broadcasting or acting. (of verb a person cannot change their fundamental nature: resenting people in general: one must admire him for his once a whiner, always a whiner. once again (or more) willingness. D a s be on about Brit., informal talk about tedious one more time, once and for all (or once for all) now referring to the speaker as representing people in BRIAN Tength: she's always on about doing one's duty. and for the last time; finally. once and future denoting general: one gets the impression that he is ahead. on informal, or chiefly Brit. it's impractical or unac someone or something that is eternal, enduring, or -PHRASES at one in agreement or harmony: they were ble on and off intermittently: it rained on and off constant. [ORIGIN: 1950s. from T. H. White's Once completely at one with their environment for one S he afternoon, on and on continually; at tedious and Future King (1958).) once bitten, twice shy see used to stress that the person named holds the speci- w he went on and on about his grandad's trombone. BITE. once (or every once) in a while from time to fied view, even if no one else does: I for one am getting ra vou on? informal said to express incredulity at time; occasionally, once or twice a few times. once a little sick of writing about it. one after another (or o ne's behavior, with the implication that they upon a time at some time in the past (used as a con the other) following one another in quick succession: E h e under the influence of drugs. you're on infor ventional opening of a story). .formerly; once upon a one after another the buses drew up, one and all every- said by way of accepting a challenge or bet. time she would have been jealous, but no longer. one: well done one and all! one and only unique; single D IN Old English on, an, of Germanic origin; re -ORIGIN Middle English ones, genitive of ONE. The (used for emphasis or as a designation of a celebrity): to Dutch aan and German an, from an Indo spelling change in the 16th cent. was in order to retain the title of his one and only book | the one and only M2- European root shared by Greek ana. the unvoiced sound of the final consonant. hammad Ali. one by one separately and in succession; Suffix Physics, Biochemistry, & Chemistry forming nouns: once-o ver >n. informal a rapid inspection or search: singly, one day at a particular but unspecified time in denoting subatomic particles or quanta: neutron | some doctor came and gave us all a once-over. the past or future: one day a boy started teasing Grady 1 a piece of work that is done quickly: a quick once-over | he would one day be a great president. one-for-one 2 denoting molecular units: codon. with a broom. denoting or referring to a situation or arrangernent in 3 denoting substances: interferon. on-chip adj. Electronics denoting or relating to circuitry which one thing corresponds to or is exchanged for VERGIN sense 1 originally in electron, from ION, influ included in a single integrated circuit or in the same another: donations could be matched on a one-for-one chced (as in sense 2) by Greek ön 'being'; sense 3 is on integrated circuit as a given device. basis with public revenues. one of a kind see KINDI. Sthe pattern of words such as cotton or from German - on•cho'cer•ci•a-sis Längkösər'kiasis »n. technical one-on-one (or one-to-one) denoting or referring to term for RIVER BLINDNESS. a situation in which two parties come into direct con- Don'a ger j'änəjər »n. an animal of a race of the Asian ORIGIN early 20th cent.: from modern Latin On tact, opposition, or correspondence: maybe we should wild ass native to northern Iran. chocerca (from Greek onkos 'barb' + kerkos "tail') + talk to them one-on-one. one or another (or the other) Bouus hemionus onager, family Equidae. Compare with -IASIS. denoting or referring to a particular but unspecified onco-comb. form of or relating to tumors: oncology. one out of a set of items: not all instances fall neatly into ORIGIN Middle English: via Latin from Greek ona ORIGIN from Greek onkos 'mass.' one or another of these categories. one or two informal gros, from onos 'ass' + agrios 'wild.' on•co•gene l'ÄNGkajēnn. Medicine a gene that in a few: there are one or two signs worth watching for. on-air adj. broadcasting: his on-air antics helped breathe certain circumstances can transform a cell into a tu one thing and another informal used to cover various new life into the series. mor cell. unspecified matters, events, or tasks: what with R onan lsm l'önə, nizam. n. formal 1 masturbation. on.co•gen•ic,ängkə'jenikſ radj. Medicine causing de one thing and another she hadn't had much sleep re- 2 coitus interruptus: velopment of a tumor or tumors. cently. E DERIVATIVES Oonan-ist 1.; O'nan.is.tic 1,ona'nis -DERIVATIVES on.co•gen-e-sis 1-jenisis n; on. -ORIGIN Old English an, of Germanic origin; related 23 dk adj co•genic.loty (-ja'nisite. to Dutch een and German ein, from an Indo- LAORIGIN early 18th cent.: from French onanisme or on.col.o•gy län'kälaje; ÄNG- >n. Medicine the study European root shared by Latin unus. The initial w modern Latin onanismus, from the biblical story of and treatment of tumors. sound developed before the 15th cent. and was occa- Onan (Gen. 38:8). -DERIVATIVES on•co•logic adj.; on.co.log••cal sionally represented in the spelling; it was not accept- O nas sis! ſo'næsis, Aristotle (Socrates) (1906-75), 1-kə'läjikəl) adj.; on.coloogist l-jist| n. ed into standard English until the late 17th cent. Greek shipping magnate and international business on•com•ing län,kəming; 'ôn- adj. [attrib.] approach- USAGE: 1 One is used as a pronoun to mean any- man. He owned a substantial shipping empire and ing; moving toward: she walked into the path of an on- founded Olympic Airways, Greece's national airline, one' or 'me and people in general, as in one must try coming car in 1957. In 1968, he married Jacqueline Bouvier one's best. In modern English, it is generally used figurative due to happen or occur in the near future: FM Kennedy, the widow of John F. Kennedy. önly in formal and written contexts. In informal and the oncoming Antarctic winter. spoken contexts, the normal alternative is you, as in O nas sis, Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy (1929- n. the fact of being about to happen in the near future: you must try your best, 2 Until quite recently, sen- 94), US first lady (1961-63); known as Jackie O. She the oncoming of age. tences in which one is followed by his or him were worked as a photographer before she married John F. on•cost (än'kôst; ôn- n. Brit. an overhead expense. considered perfectly correctione must try his best, Kennedy in 1953. After he was assassinated, she inar OND historical abbr. (in the UK) Ordinary National Di- a ried Aristotle Onassis in 1,968 and, after his death, These uses are now, held to be less than perfectly ploma (a qualification in technical subjects). pursued a career in publishing.. grammatical and possibly sexi Onodaat je län'däjē; än'dätyal, (Philip) Michael (b.1943), Canadian writer, born in Sri Lanka. Nota -one suffix Chemistry forming nouns denoting various ble works: Running in the Family (autobiography, compounds, esp. ketones: acetone | quinone. 1982) and The English Patient (novel, 1992). -ORIGIN from Greek patronymic -onë. one wən) cardinal number the lowest cardinal number; one-acteer >n, a one-act play. half of two; 1: there's only room for one person two could O'Neal Jo'nell, Shaquille (1972-), US basketball livé as cheaply as one one hundred miles | World War player. He played for the Orlando Magic 1992-96 and One) a one-bedroom apartment. (Roman numeral: 1, 1) the Los Angeles Lakers 1996-. He also made some a single person or thing, viewed as taking the place recordings of rap music and was in several movies, in- of a group, they would straggle home in ones and twos. cluding Blue Chips (1994) and Steel (1997).. single; just one as opposed to any more or to none one an oth-er pron. each other: the children used to at all (used for emphasis): her one concern is to save tease one another. her daughter. I denoting a particular item of a pair or one-armed ban•dit »n. Informal a slot machine operat- nurnber of items: electronics is one of his hobbies | he ed by pulling a long handle at the side. put one hand over her shoulder and one around her waist one-dlómenoslon al adj, having or relating to a single | a glass tube closed at one end denoting a particu dimension: one-dimensional curves. lar but unspecified occasion or period: one afternoon Jacking depth; superficial: the supporting roles are in late October, used before a name to denote a per alarmingly one-dimensional creations. SK U LINARS son who is not familiar or has not been previously -DERIVATIVES one-di-menosion.ali·ty n. mentioned; a certain: he worked as a clerk for one Mr. one-down adj. informal at a psychological disadvantage Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Ming. Informal a noteworthy example of (used for in a game or a competitive situation. emphasis): the actor was one smart-mouthed trouble O•nega, Lake lo'nega; a'nyegəl a lake in northwest- on-board »adj. [attrib.] 1 available or situated on a ship, maker lhe was one hell of a snappy dresser. identi ern Russia, near the border with Finland, the second aircraft, or other vehicle. cal; the same: all types of training meet one common largest lake in Europe. 2 Computing denoting or controlled from a facility or standard. identical and united; forming a unity: the one-horse adj. drawn by or using a single horse. feature incorporated into the main circuit board of a two things are one and the same, 1 one year old. informal small and insignificant: a one-horse town. computer or computerized device.. one o'clock: it's half past one I'll be there at one. -PHRASES one-horse race a contest in which one ONC historical abbr. (in the UK) Ordinary National Cer informal a one-dollar bill. informal an alcoholic candidate or competitor is clearly superior to all the tificate (a technical qualification). drink: a cool one after a day on the water. informal a others and seems certain to win. once ſwans. adv. 1 on one occasion or for one time joke or story: the one about the chicken farmer and the Onel da fö'nidal n. (pl. same or Oneidas) 1 a mem- only: they deliver once a week. Spaceship. a size of garment or other merchandise ber of an American Indian people formerly inhabiting (usu, with negative or if] at all; on even one occasion denoted by one. I a domino or dice with one spot. upper New York State, one of the Five Nations. (used for emphasis): he never once complained if she pron. 1 referring to a person or thing previously men 2 the Iroquoian language of this people. once got an idea in her head you'd never move it. tioned: her mood changed from one of moroseness to one of adj. of or relating to this people or their language. 2 at some time in the past; formerly: He had once been joy her best apron, the white one. an Army officer. I used as the object of a verb or preposition to refer to See page xxxviii for the key to Pronunciation ossibly sexist, too: estäint of trad OG PSVents freedom is lemin HOCK RESTRAIN). restraint of trade in et competition in a market. rict the nunber of visitors. . . .. int of tradecase 6:18-cv-00339-ADA- Document 167-5 Filed 10/25/19 Page 109.98 122 1453 retail freedom of movement: car safety re- . pleased to held is restrictive and therefore implies -DERIVATIVES re supination 111,360panaszənn. contrast with another set of staff who will not be -ORIGIN late 18th cent.: from Latin resupinatus 'bent c sapal dispassionate, or moderate behavior; pleased to help. It is almost certain that the appropri- back, past participle of resupinare, based on supinus ocmeste urged the protestors to exercise restraint. ate intention of such a clause would be nonrestric flying on the back.' statement, esp. of artistic expression: with tive therefore, a comma is needed before who re-surface re'sarfəsl v. 1 (trans.] put a new coating Cine ano, all restraint vanished. (any member of the staff, who will be pleased .). For on or reform (a surface such as a road, a floor, or ice). g ate Middle English: from Old French re- more details, see usage at THAT and WHICH. 2 [intrans.) come back up to the surface: he resurfaced be- OR m inine past participle of restreindre 'hold side the boat. re•stricotive cov«enant »n. Law a covenant imposing arise or become evident again: serious concerns about of trade n. Law action that interferes with a restriction on the use of land so that the value and the welfare of animals eventually resurfaced. (of a enjoyment of adjoining land will be preserved. person) come out of hiding or obscurity: he resur- istrikt. . [trans.] put a limit on; keep under re•string fre'string; 're-l v. (past and past part. re faced under a false identity in Australia. To soniroads may have to be closed at peak times to strung |-'strƏNG1) trans.] 1 fit new or different stringsresurogent (ri'sərjǝnt adj. increasing or reviving af- to (a musical instrument or sports racket). ter a period of little activity, popularity, or occurrence: ve someone or something) of freedom of 2 thread (objects such as beads) on a new string. resurgent nationalism. ement or action: cities can restrict groups of pro resteroom ('rest,room; -,room (also rest room) »n. a -DERIVATIVES re-sur-gence n. Per roni gathering on a residential street. (re bathroorn in a public building. -ORIGIN early 19th cent. (earlier as a noun): from someone to) limit someone to only doing or reestruc•ture (ré'strəkchər; -SHər. v. [trans.) organize Latin resurgent-'rising again,' from the verb resurgere, Ordine la particular thing) or staying in a particular differently: a plan to strengthen and restructure the de from re- 'again' + surgere 'to rise. I shall restrict myself to a single example. (re partment | as n.) (restructuring) the restructuring of resourorect fireza'rekt. (trans. restore (a dead per- A irlct something to limit something, esp, an activ this wing of the Louvre. son) to life: he queried whether Jesus was indeed resur- s a particular place, time, or category of peo Finance convert (the debt of a business in difficulty) rected. 1993 The zoological gardens were at first restricted to into another kind of debt, typically one that is re revive the practice, use, or memory of (something); bers and their guests. withhold (information) payable at a later time. bring new vigor to: the deal collapsed and has yet to be eneral circulation or disclosure: at first the reestyle v. Ire'still (trans.) 1 rearrange or remake in a resurrected. M e riment tried to restrict news of our involvement in new shape or layout: Nick restyled Rebecca's hair. -ORIGIN late 18th cent.; back-formation from RESUA- Vietnam. 2 give a new designation to: (with obj. and complement) RECTION BIGIN mid 16th cent.: from Latin restrict- 'con the division has restyled the branch the Lovejoy Line. resourörecotion 1.reza'reksHən n. the action or fact S ound fast,' from the verb restringere (see RE- n. an instance of reshaping or rearranging something. of resurrecting or being resurrected: the story of the res- STRAIN) Ha new shape or arrangement. urrection of Osiris. stricteed ristriktid) adj. [attrib.] limited in extent, re sub mit 1,rēsəb'mnit) v. (trans.) submit (something, (the Resurrection) (in Christian belief) Christ's S mber scope, or action: Western scientists had only re such as a plan, application, or resignation) again. rising from the dead. (the Resurrection) (in tricted access to the site. -DERIVATIVES re-subomis.sion l-'mishənn. Christian belief) the rising of the dead at the Last of a document or information) for limited circula r eosult ri'zəlt, n. a consequence, effect, or outcome Judgment, the revitalization or revival of some- 1 ton and not to be revealed to the public for reasons of something: the lower collapsed as a result of safety thing: the resurrection of the country under a charis- De of national security. Biology (of a virus) unable to volations. matic leader | resurrections of long-forgotten scandals. a reproduce at its normal rate in certain hosts. Bio an item of information obtained by experiment or -ORIGIN Middle English: from Old French, from late chemistry (of DNA) subject to degradation by a re some other scientific method; a quantity or formula Latin resurrectio (n-), from the verb resurgere 'rise again J ustičtion enzyme. obtained by calculation. (often results) a final (see RESURGENT). BREDERIVATIVES re•strict-edly adv.; reestrict-ed.ness score, mark, or placing in a sporting event or exam resºur recotion plant »n. any of a number of plants ination. (often results) a satisfactory or favorable that are able to survive drought, typically folding up Yestricotion fri'striksHən| »n. (often restrictions) a outcome of an undertaking or contest: determination when dry and unfolding when moistened, in particular: limiting condition or measure, esp. a legal one: plan and persistence guarantes results. I (usu, results) the. a fern of tropical and warm-temperate America (Polypodi- ning restrictions on commercial development. outcome of a business's trading over a given period, um polypodioides, family Polypodiaceae).. a Californian club to the limitation or control of someone or something, expressed as a statement of profit or loss: oil compa moss (Selaginella lepidophylla, family Selaginellaceae)..the a t the state of being limited or restricted: the restric nies have reported markedly better results. rose of Jericho sinon of local government power. >Y. [intrans.] occur or follow as the consequence of some- reosurvey > {re'sər, vā; rę,sar'val (trans.] survey (a DERIVATIVES re-striction.ism l-, nizəm| .; re. thing: government unpopularity resulting from the district) again. striction ist -nist, adj. & n. state of the economy las adj.) (resulting) talk of a gen redraw (a map) after surveying a district again. IS ORIGIN late Middle English: from Old French, or eral election and the resulting political uncertainty. study or investigate again: the same people surveyed l e from Latin restrictio (n-), from restringere 'bind fast, (result in) have (a specified end or outcome): talks in 1992 will be resurveyed periodically. confine (see RESTRICT). in July had resulted in stalemate. >n. an act of surveying a district or studying something I restriction enozyme (also restriction endonucle -PHRASES without result in vain: Danny had inquired again. ase)n. Biochemistry an enzyme produced chiefly by about getting work, evithout result. re•sus ci-tate ri'sasə, tat>V. (trans.] revive (someone) certain bacteria, having the property of cleaving DNA -ORIGIN late Middle English (as a verb): from medi from unconsciousness or apparent death: an ambu- molecules at or near a specific sequence of bases. eval Latin resultare 'to result,' earlier in the sense lance crew tried to resuscitate him. te stric tion fragoment »n. Biochemistry a fragrnent of a 'spring back,' from re- (expressing intensive force) + A figurative make (something such as an idea or enter- DNA molecule that has been cleaved by a restriction saltare (frequentative of salire 'to jump'). The noun prise) active or vigorous again: measures to resuscitate dates from the early 17th cent. the ailing Japanese economy. restriction fragment length poloyºmorophism re•sultant rizəltnt adj. [attrib.] occurring or pro- -DERIVATIVES re sus ci-ta-tion (ri,sasa'taszən n.; en Genetics a variation in the length of restriction frag duced as a result or consequence of something: re- re sus ci-ta.tive -,tativi adj.s re•sus citator Ements produced by a given restriction enzyme in a structuring and the resultant cost savings. I-tagər n. sample of DNA. Such variation is used in forensic in n. technical a force, velocity, or other vector quantity that ORIGIN early 16th cent.: from Latin resuscitat- In vestigations and to map hereditary disease. is equivalent to the combined effect of two or more 'raised again, from the verb resuscitare, from re- 'back' reestrictive ri'striktiv adj. 1 imposing restrictions component vectors acting at the same point. + suscitare 'raise." o limitations on someone's activities or freedom: a -ORIGIN mid 17th cent. (in the adjectival sense): from ret ret. (retted, retting) [trans.) soak (flax or Bestieb of restrictive regulations. Latin resultant-'springing back,' from the verb resultare hemp) in water to soften it and separate the fibers. 2 Grammar (of a relative clause or descriptive phrase) (see RESULT). The noun sense dates from the early -ORIGIN late Middle English: related to Dutch reten, Serying to specify the particular instance or instances 19th cent. also to ROT. s being mentioned. re•sult.a.tive (ri'zəltativ Grammar »adj. expressing, in ret. abbr. retired. DERIVATIVES re•strictively adv.; reestricotive dicating, or relating to the outcome of an action. resta.ble ''rë,tabəl; 'regaball (also retablo (ri'täblol) n. a resultative verb, conjunction, or clause. >n. (pl. retables or retablos) a frame or shelf enclos- I USAGE: Whät is the difference between the books that re'sume fri'zoom ». (trans.) begin to do or pursue ing decorated panels or revered objects above and be- te on the table once belonged to my aunt and the books, (something) again after a pause or interruption: a day hind an altar. which were on the table, once belonged to my dunt? In the later normal service was resumed. a painting or other image in such a position. mest sentence, the speaker uses the relative clause to [intrans.) begin to be done, pursued, or used again af -ORIGIN early 19th cent.: from French rétable, from ask out specific books (i.e, the ones on the table) in ter a pause or interruption: hostilities had ceased and Spanish retablo, from medieval Latin retrotabulum contrast with all others. In the second sentence, the normal life had resumed. (intrans.) begin speaking rear table,' from Latin retro 'backward' + tabula 'ta- Location of the books referred to is unaffected by the again after a pause or interruption: he sipped at the ble.' lative clause; the speaker merely offers the addi- glass of water on the lectern and then resumed (with di- re-tait j'rē,tal] »n the sale of goods to the public in ona information that the books happened to be on rect speech) "As for foe," the major resumed, "I can't relatively small quantities for use or consumption stable, promise anything." take, pick up, or put on again; rather than for resale: (as adj.) the product's retail price. This distinction is between restrictive and nonre- return to the use of: the judge resumed his seat. ady being sold in such a way: it is not yet available re- strictive relatiye clauses. In speech, the difference is »n. variant spelling of RÉSUMÉ. sually expressed by a difference in intonátion. In -DERIVATIVES resuma.ble ad.; rersumption fri >v. (trans.) 1 |'re tal sell (goods) to the public in such a writing, a restrictive relative clause is not set off by 'zampsHən n. way: the difficulties in retailing the new products. omas; and that is the preferred subject or object of -ORIGIN late Middle English: from Old French re [intrans.] (retail at for) (of goods) be sold in this way the clause, although many writers use which and who sumer or Latin resumere, from re-back' + sumere 'take.' for (a specified price): the product retails for around il chom for such clauses. A nonrestrictive clause is ré-sumé 'reza,ma,reza'mal (also resumé or re- $20. set off within commas, and which, who, or whom, not sume) n. 1 a curriculum vitae. 2 'rē, tal; ri'tal recount or relate details of (a story or that is the relative pronoun to use as the subject or 2 a summary: I gave him a quick résumé of events. event) to others: his inimitable way of retailing a divert- bject of the verb of the clause. Without a comma, the -ORIGIN early 19th cent.: French, literally 'resumed, ing anecdote. a use in please ask any member of staff who will be past participle (used as a noun) of résumer. -DERIVATIVES re-tall.er n. re•su.pl.nate (risodpa,nat adj. Botany (of a leaf, flower, fruiting body, etc.) upside down. See page xxxviii for the Key to Pronunciation ROTER les enzyme. DAGVASON ness n. A LISEMA KUWA tail. C