American Patents LLC v. Mediatek, Inc. et al

Western District of Texas, txwd-6:2018-cv-00339

Exhibit 7

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EXHIBIT 7 IEEE Std 100-1996 The IEEE Standard Dictionary of Electrical and Electronics Terms Sixth Edition Standards Coordinating Committee 10, Terms and Definitions Jane Radatz, Chair This standard is one of a number of information technology dictionaries being developed by standards organizations accredited by the American National Standards Institute. This dictionary was developed under the sponsorship of voluntary standards organizations, using a consensus-based process. SEP ISBN 1-55937-833-6 90000 w 917815591378338 dead zone decibel me decibel 260 several (3) One ratio of logarith monly two am their rat n = 10 Whent of volta the squ: ber of express n = 20 dead zone The period(s) in the operating cycle of a machine during which corrective functions cannot be initiated. (IA) [60] deassembler* See: disassembler. * Deprecated. deblock To separate the parts of a block. Synonym: unblock. Contrast: block. (C) 610.12-1990, 610.5-1990 deblurring See: sharpening. debug (1) To examine or test a procedure, routine, or equipment for the purpose of detecting and correcting errors. (COM) [49] (2) (computers) To detect, locate, and remove mistakes from a routine or malfunctions from a computer. See also: trou- bleshoot (C) [20], [85] (3) (software) To detect, locate, and correct faults in a com- puter program. Techniques include use of breakpoints, desk checking, dumps, inspection, reversible execution, single-step operation, and traces. (C) 610.12-1990 debugging (1) The operation of an equipment or complex item prior to use to detect and replace parts that are defective or expected to fail, and to correct errors in fabrication or assem- bly. See also: reliability, (MIL/R) [2], [29] (2) (software) The process of locating, analyzing, and cor- recting suspected faults. See also: testing. (C/SE) 729-1983s debugging model See: error model. Debye length (radio-wave propagation) That distance in a plasma over which a free electron may move under its own kinetic energy before it is pulled back by the electrostatic restoring forces of the polarization (ion) cloud surrounding it. Over this distance, a net charge density can exist in an ionized gas. The Debye length is given by: n = 20 where voltage of deci applied respon should cation Lp = 6.9 decay time constant (1) (A) (germanium gamma-ray detec- tors) (semiconductor radiation detectors) (x-ray energy spectrometers) The time for a true single-exponential wave- form to decay to a value of 1/e of the original step height. (B) With a signal that decays with a single exponential wave- form, the time required for it to fall to 1/e from any selected level on the asymptote of the last transition. (NPS) 300-19881 (2) In the absence a low-pass network preceding the point of observation, the time for a single-exponential waveform to decay to the fraction 1/e of its original amplitude. (NPS) 325-1996 Decca (navigation aid terms) A radio navigation system trans- mitting on several related frequencies near 100 kHz (kilo- hertz), useful to about 200 nmi (nautical miles) (370 km [kilometers]) in which sets of hyperbolic lines of position are determined by comparison of the phase of (A) one reference continuous wave signal from a centrally located master with (B) each of several continuous wave signals from slave trans- mitters located in a star pattern, each about 70 nmi (130 km) from the master. (AE) 172-1983w decelerating electrode (electron-beam tubes) An electrode the potential of which provides an electric field to decrease the velocity of the beam electrons. (ED/NPS) 161-1971w, 398-1972r decelerating relay A relay that functions automatically to main- tain the armature current or voltage within limits, when de- celerating from speeds above base speed, by controlling the excitation of the motor field. See also: relay. (IA) [60], [75] decelerating time The time in seconds for a change of speed from one specified speed to a lower specified speed while decelerating under specified conditions. See also: control sys- tem, feedback (IA) [60] deceleration See: retardation. deceleration distance The additional vertical distance a falling worker travels, excluding lifeline elongation and free fall dis- tance, before stopping, from the point at which the energy absorbing device begins to operate. It is measured as the dis- tance between the location of a line-worker's body belt, aerial belt, or full body harness attachment point at the moment of activation (at the onset of fall arrest forces) of the energy absorbing device during a fall, and the location of that at- tachment point after the worker comes to a stop. (PE/T&D) 1307-1996 deceleration, programmed (numerically controlled ma- chines) A controlled velocity decrease to a fixed percent of the programmed rate. (IA) [61] deceleration time The time that is required to slow a storage device, typically a tape or disk drive, to a stop after data has been read or written. Synonym: stop time. Contrast: accel- eration time. (C) 610.10-1994 deceleration, timed A control function that decelerates the drive by automatically controlling the speed change as a func- tion time. See also: control system, feedback. (IA) [60], [69] decentralized computer network (1) A computer network in which control functions are distributed over several network nodes. Contrast: centralized computer network. See also: dis- tributed computer network. (COM/C) 168-1956w, 610.7-1995 (2) A computer network, where some of the computing power and network control functions are distributed over several net- work nodes. See also: centralized computer network. (COM/LM) 168-1956w deci A prefix indicating one tenth. (C) 1084-1986w decibel (1) (power station noise control) Ten times the loga- rithm to base 10 of a ratio of two powers. (PE) 640-1985w (2) A standard unit for expressing the ratio between two pa- rameters using logarithms to the base 10. Decibels provide a convenient format to express voltages or powers that range (4) (al variab level. plicab? power value ing, ar unit." (5) (A signal unit f power power 0.1 be decibel in dec also: decile (decile rando (2) (e ile va rando where T, is the electron temperature, and N, is the electron number density. (AP) 211-1990 deca A prefix indicating ten. Synonym: deka. (C) 1084-1986w decade (1) A range of values for which the upper limit is a power of ten above the lower limit. (NI) N42.17B-1989r (2) (radiation protection) Synonymous with power of ten. (NI) N323-1978r decalescent point (induction heating usage) The temperature at which there is a sudden absorption of heat when metals are raised in temperature. See also: coupling; induction heating; recalescent point. (ED) 161-1971 w decay (storage tubes) A decrease in stored information by any cause other than erasing or writing. Note: Decay may be caused by an increase, a decrease, or a spreading of stored charge. See also: storage tube. (ED) 158-1962w, 161-1971w decay characteristic See: persistence characteristic. decay, dynamic (storage tubes) Decay caused by an action such as that of the reading beam, ion currents, field emission, or holding beam. See also: storage tube. (C60/ED) 158-1962w decay, static (charge-storage tubes) Decay that is a function only of the target properties, such as lateral and trans- verse leakage. See also: charge-storage tube. (ED) 158-1962w decay (test) method A test that determines the power dissipa- tion characteristics of a damper by the measurement of the decay rate of the amplitude of motion of a span following a period of forced vibration at a natural frequency and a fixed test amplitude. (PE/T&D) 664-1993 decay time (storage tubes) The time interval during which the stored information decays to a stated fraction of its initial value. Note: Information may not decay exponentially. See also: storage tube. (ED) 158-1962w, 161-1971w decilog used of an is eq One is, 1. decima lectis ema: with decima num expl See decim set firmware device driver five-bit byte fittings 412 are joined to pling together system. These wyes, pulling five-bit byte See 5B6B encoding (encoded) as 5GL See: fifth g fix (1) (navigati any former pc (2) A device ence or to rec ence. See also (3) (mathema floating-point Contrast: flos fixed See: read- fixed addressin bus standards node space is spaces are no fixed bank A control and a fixed binary da fixed block for mat in which acters appear fixed-called-ad for originatir (7) The combination of a hardware device and computer in- structions and data that reside as read-only software on that device. Notes: 1. This term is sometimes used to refer only to the hardware device or only to the computer instructions or data, but these meanings are deprecated. 2. The confusion surrounding this term has led some to suggest that it be avoided altogether. (C) 610.10-1994 (8) The combination of a hardware device and computer in- structions and/or computer data that reside as read-only soft- ware on the hardware device. (C/SE) J-STD-016-1995 firmware device driver A device driver intended for use by firmware. Contrast: operating system device driver. See also: device driver. (BA/C) 1275-1994 first-bit access time (of a BORAM) The time interval between the application of addressing and enabling signals and the availability at an output of the first bit from a block of data. (ED) 641-1987w first-class object An object that can be the value of a variable or can be stored in a data structure. In Scheme, first-class objects have unlimited extent. See also: extent. (C/MM) 1178-1990r first-come, first-served See: first-in, first-out. first contingency incremental transfer capability (power op- erations) The amount of power, incremental above normal base power transfers, that can be transferred over the trans- mission network in a reliable manner, based on the following conditions: a) With all transmission facilities in service, all facility load- ings are within normal ratings, and all voltages are within normal limits; b) The bulk power system is capable of absorbing the dy- namic power swings and remaining stable following a dis- turbance resulting in the loss of any single generating unit, transmission circuit or transformer; c) After the dynamic power swings following a disturbance resulting in the loss of any single generating unit, trans- mission circuit, or transformer, but before operator-di- rected system adjustments are made, all transmission fa- cility loadings are within emergency ratings, and all voltages are within emergency limits. (PE) 858-1987s first dial (register) That graduated circle or cyclometer wheel, the reading on which changes most rapidly. The test dial or dials, if any, are not considered. See also: watthour meter. (EEC/PE) [119] first-ended, first-out A queueing technique for concurrent pro- cesses in which items are retrieved from the queue based on the time at which the item is placed completely in the queue. That is, the item whose final segment is placed in the queue before those of all other items, will exit the queue before those other items. Note: Often used in message queueing applica- tions. (C) 610.5-1990 first Fresnel zone (data transmission) In optics and radio com- munication, the circular portion of a wave front transverse to the line between an emitter and a more distant point where the resultant disturbance is being observed, whose center is the intersection of the front with the direct ray and whose radius is such that shortest path from the emitter through the periphery to the receiving point is one-half wave longer than the ray. Note: A second zone, a third, etc., are defined by successive increases of the path by half-wave increments. (PE) 599-1985w first generation A period during the evolution of electronic computers in which computers were designed around vacuum tubes. Note: Introduced in 1949, first generation computers were thought to have been the state of the art from 1951 to 1959, when the transistor was developed. See also: fifth gen- eration; fourth generation; second generation; third genera- tion. (C) 610.10-1994 first-generation language See: machine language. first-in, first-out (A) A technique for managing a set of items to which additions and deletions are to be made; items are appended to one end of a list and retrieved from the other end. See also: queue. (B) Pertaining to a system in which the next item to exit the system is the item that has been in the s ystem for the longest time. Synonym: first-come, first-served. Contrast: last-in, first-out. (C) 610.5-1990 first-in-first-out (FIFO) queue A data structure from which entries are removed in the same order that they were added. In this document, entries are added at the "tail" of the queue and removed from the "head." (C/MM) 1212.1-1993 first-in, last-out See: last-in, first-out. first (last) transition duration (pulse terminology) The tran- sition duration of the first (last) transition waveform in a pulse waveform. See also: waveform epoch. (IM) 194-1977w first-level address See: direct address. first-line release (telephone switching systems) Release under the control of the first line that goes-on-hook. (COM) 312-1977w first normal form One of the forms used to characterize rela- tions; a data structure or relation is said to be in first normal form if it has no repeating groups. For example: First Normal Form UNNORMALIZED ORDERO={ORDER-NO! + DATE+ CUSTOMER-NO + CUSTOMER-NAME+ CUSTOMER-ADDRESS + ((SEQUENCE-NO+ ITEM-NO+ ITEM-DESCRIPTION + QUANTITY-ORDERED+ UNIT-PRICE + EXTENDED-PRICE))+ TOTAL-ORDER-AMOUNT FIRST NORMAL FORM ORDERI=(ORDER-NO + DATE + CUSTOMER-NO + CUSTOMER-NAME+ CUSTOMER-ADDRESS + TOTAL-ORDER-AMOUNT ITEMI=(ORDER-NO+ SEQUENCE-NO} + ITEM-NO + ITEM-DESCRIPTION+ QUANTITY-ORDERED + UNIT-PRICE+ EXTENDED-PRICE Note: repeating group enclosed in parenthesis. Keys in brackets. (C) 610.5-1990 first open (of a file) When a process opens a file that is not currently an open file within any process. (C/PA) 9945-1-1996 first open, of a file Occurs when a process opens a file, message queue, or shared memory object that is not currently open within any process. (C/PA) 1003.5b-1995 first Townsend discharge (gas) A semi-self- maintained dis- charge in which the additional ions that appear are due solely to the ionization of the gas by electron collisions. See also: discharge. (ED) [45], [84) first transition (pulse terminology) The major transition wave- form of a pulse waveform between the base and the top. (IM) 194-1977w first voltage range See: voltage range. fishbone antenna An end-fire, traveling wave antenna consist- ing of a balanced transmission line to which is coupled, usu- ally through lumped circuit elements, an array of closely spaced, coplanar dipoles. (AP) 145-1993 fish tape (fishing wire) (snake) A tempered steel wire, usually of rectangular cross section, that is pushed through a run of conduit or through an inaccessible space, such as a partition, and that is used for drawing in the wires. (EEC/PE) [119] fission (power operations) The splitting of a nucleus into parts (which are nuclei of lighter elements), accompanied by the release of a relatively large amount of energy (about 200 mil- lion electron volts per fission in the case of 235U fission) and frequently one or more neutrons. (PE) 346-1973w, 858-1987s fitting An accessory such as a locknut, bushing, or other part of a wiring system that is intended primarily to perform a me- chanical rather than an electrical function. . (NEC/NESC) [86] fittings (raceway) (raceway systems for Class 1E circuits for nuclear power generating stations) Raceway sections that fixed cycle (nu of operations spindle opere tapping, orc fixed-cycle op: ified number Vinh O mer fixed decimal fixed disk Am a disk drive. able disk. Se fixed error Se fixed errorviti of sampling respect to t event that is wise specifi ror that may fixed feed tuł tached to ai feed tube. fixed format the file are variable for fixed-frequen ation on a s) you fixed head A can access floating her fixed impeda use with or ing the orig impedance fixed-instruc tion set ca computer. CILA an