Ixi Mobile (R&D) Ltd. et al v. Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. et al

Northern District of California, cand-4:2015-cv-03752

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IN THE UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE In re application of: Group Art Unit: N / A Haller et al. Examiner: NA Patent No .: 7, 039, 033 Request for Reexamination UnderU.S. C $ $ 302 - 307 and 37 C. F. R. $ 1. 510 Control No .: N / A Filed: March 24, 2017 For: SYSTEM, DEVICE AND COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM FOR PROVIDING A MANAGED WIRELESS NETWORK USING SHORT - RANGE RADIO SIGNALS Attorney Docket No .: 0909 - 010 PATENT OWNER REQUEST FOR EX PARTE REEXAMINATION OFU.S. PATENT NO. 7, 039, 033 INCLUDING AMENDMENT Mail Stop Ex Parte Reexamination Attn: Central Reexamination Unit Commissioner for Patents P. O. Box 1450 Alexandria, VA 22313 - 1450 Table of Contents EXHIBIT LIST. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements for Ex Parte Reexamination Under 37 C. F. R. $ 1. 510. . . . . . A. 37 C. F. R. $ 1. 510 (b) (1): Statement Pointing Out Each Substantial New Question of Patentability. . . . . . . . . . . . . B. 37 C. F. R. $ 1. 510 (b) (2): Detailed Explanation of the Pertinency and Manner of Applying the Prior Art 37 C. F. R. $ 1. 510 (b) (3): Copy of Every Patent or Printed Publication Cited Against the Claims. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 C. F. R. $ 1. 510 (b) (4): Copy of the Entire Patent. . . 37 C. F. R. $ 1. 510 (a): Fee for Requesting Reexamination. . . . F. Related Matters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Claim Construction. . . . . . . . . . . A. Standard of Claim Construction. . . . . . . . B. Summary of Claim Construction Positions / Holdings. . . . Prior Art. . . . . . . A. Marchand. . . Nurmann. . . . . . . Vilander. . . . . . . . . . . . 15 RFC 2543. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Larsson. . . . . . . . F. JINI Spec. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Background of Wireless Technology. . Overview of the ' 033 Patent. . . . . . . . . . . . A. Prosecution History. . . . . . B. Summary of the ' 033 Patent 37 C. F. R. $ 1. 510 (b) (1): Statement Establishing Substantial New Questions of Patentability ("SNQs") of Claim 48 and 56 of the ' 033 Patent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 DU À E. Larsso. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VII. A. Marchand in view of Nurmann, and Vilander establishes a substantial new question of patentability with respect to independent claim 48 of the ' 033 patent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 The ' 1444 IPR Art Does Not Render Claim 48 Unpatentable. . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Marchand in view of Nurmann, and Vilander establishes a substantial new question of patentability with respect to independent claim 56 of the ' 033 patent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 D. The ' 1444 IPR Art Does Not Render Claim 56 Unpatentable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 VIII. Support for Proposed Amendments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IX. . . . . . . 54 Proposed Amendments are Patentably Distinct over Previously Asserted Grounds. . . . . . . . 45 A. Ground 1 – Amended and New Claims 48 and 56 - 129 are not obvious under 35U.S. C. § 103 with respect to Marchand, Nurmann, and Vilander. . . . . . . . . 46 Ground 2 - New and Amended Claims 48 and 56 - 129 are not obvious under 35U.S. C. § 103 with respect to Marchand, Nurmann, Vilander and RFC2543. . . . Ground 3 – New and Amended Claims 48 and 56 - 129 are not obvious under 35U.S. C. § 103 with respect to Marchand, Nurmann, Vilander and Larsson. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ground 4 - New and Amended Claims 48 and 56 - 129 are not obvious under 35U.S. C. § 103 with respect to Marchand, Nurmann, Vilander and the JINI Spec. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E. Ground 5 - New and Amended Claims 48 and 56 - 129 are not obvious under 35U.S. C. § 103 with respect to Marchand, Larsson and the JINI Spec. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Objective Indicia Supports Nonobviousness. . . Conclusion. . . . X. XI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii EXHIBIT LIST Eshibil. Description PAT - AU.S. Patent No. 7, 039, 033 Haller et al. PA - A International Publication No. WO 2001 / 076154 Marchand PA - BU.S. Patent No. 6, 560, 642 Nurmann PA - CU.S. Patent No. 6, 771, 635 Vilander et al. PA - DU.S. Patent No. 6, 836, 474 Larsson et al. PA - E RFC 2543 PA - F JINI Spec SB08U.S. Patent and Trademark Office form SB08 OTH - A Mandayam Declaration OTH - B Mandayam C. V. OTH - C Amended Claims OTH - D Support for proposed amendments OTHER EXHIBITS AND SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION Exhibit No. Description Identilier Ex. 1 IPR2015 - 01444 Final Written Decision * 1444 Final Decision Ex. 2 Motorola Reaching out to the Cell Phone with Jini Ex. 3 The Evolution of Cell Phone Design Between 1983 - 2009 Ex. 4 Blackberry – The Inside Story of Research In Motion Ex. 5 RIM Losing the Signal – The Untold Story Behind The Extraordinary Rise And Spectacular Fall Of Blackberry Ex. 6 What's J2ME ? Ex. 7 J2SE 2000 JavaTM 2 Platform, Standard Edition (J2SETM) Ex. 8 J2ME: Step by step Ex. 9 PsiNaptic PsiNaptic – The Application of JiniTM Technology to Enhance the Delivery of Mobile Services Ex. 10 IXI PMG System Specifications Ex. 11 PMG is a cool idea The Personal Mobile Gateway (PMG) is a cool idea Ex. 12 Cautious Optimism at the 3GSM World Congress 2002 Ex. 13 Consumer Gadgets Consumer Gadgets – 50 Ways to Have Fun & Simplify Your Life with Today's Technology Ex. 14 Brighthand Article Samsung Introduces the World's First PMG (Personal Mobile Gateway) Phone at CeBIT Exhibit No. Description Identifier Ex. 15 The Evolving Mobile User Interface: Strategies for the Wireless Internet Ex. 16 Deutsche Bank Deutsche Bank Securities Inc ., Report Ex. 17 PMGs Set to Explode in 2004 Ex. 18 TNI Securities Equity Research Ex. 19 Handbook of Wireless Local Area Networks – Applications, Technology, Security, and Standards, p. 49 Ex. 20 IXI Mobile Receives ' Winning Technology Award from Tornado Insider Winning Technology Award Ex. 21 Handbook of Wireless Local Area Networks – Applications, Technology, Security, and Standards, p. 52 Ex. 22 Excerpt of Programmes After Market Services NHM 2 / 5nx, ny / 6 / 9 Series Transceivers Memory Requirements p. 34 Excerpt of PAMS Technical Documentation NHM - 7 Series Transceivers p. 27 Ericsson R830 – The First Smartphone ? Introduction IXI IP, LLC ("IXI"), Patent Owner, requests reexamination of claims 48 and 56 ofU.S. Patent No. 7, 039, 033 ("' 033 patent ') to amend the claims in light of substantial new questions of patentability raised by International Publication No. WO 2001 / 076154 ("Marchand"),U.S. Patent No. 6, 560, 642 ("Nurmann"),U.S. Patent No. 6, 771, 635 ("Vilander"),U.S. Patent No. 6, 836, 474 ("Larsson"), Handley et al ., Request for Comments 2543 SIP: Session Initiation Protocol, The Internet Society, March, 1999 ("RFC 2543"), and K. Arnold et al ., The JINITM Specification, Addison - Wesley, June 1, 1999 ("JINI Spec. " .) Additionally, Patent Owner submits amended claims 48 and 56, which are patentably distinct over the prior art grounds raised in IPR2015 - 01444, NYSD - 1 - 14 - cv - 04355 - RJS, NYSD 1 - 14 - cv - 04428 - RJS, NYSD - 1 - 14 - cv - 07954 - RJS, CAND - 3 - 15 - cv - 03752 - HSG, CAND - 3 - 15 - cv 03754 - HSG and CAND - 3 - 15 - cv - 03755 - HSG, filed against the ' 033 patent. While amendments were statutorily available to the patent owner during prosecution of the IPR, the PTAB has stated that patent owners may alternatively choose reexamination to amend claims: If a patent owner desires a complete remodeling of its claim structure according to a different strategy, it may do so in another type of proceeding before the Office. For instance, a patent owner may file a request for ex parte reexamination, relying on the Board's conclusion of a petitioner having shown reasonable likelihood of success on certain alleged grounds of unpatentability as raising a substantial new question of patentability. Idle Free Systems, Inc. v. Bergstrom, Inc ., IPR2012 - 00027, Paper 26 at p. 6. (informative, boldface added .) 1 " Jini " Trademark of Sun Microsystems through the network. (Ex. OTH - A, " Mandayam Decl. " at 1137 - 38) . Thus, in view of the above, one of ordinary skill in the art would not apply the combination of Marchand, Nurmann and Vilander to arrive at Claim 56, however the combination does not rise to the level of a substantial new question of patentability that has not been previously presented to the Office for claim 56. VIII. Support for Proposed Amendments Please see Exhibit OTH - D for Proposed Amendments. IX. 37 C. F. R. $ 1. 510 (b) (2): Detailed Explanation of the Pertinency and Manner of Applying the Prior Art. Proposed Amendments are Patentably Distinct over Previously Asserted Grounds. While new and amended Claims 48 and 56 - 129 include a number of features that were not addressed in any of the Grounds of IPR2015 - 01444 as noted below, claims 48 and 56 - 129 include a " service repository software component " or its equivalent function (such as enumerating and searching services) provided on a wireless device that wirelessly connects to both a cellular network and a short distance wireless network and are therefore not obvious in view of Marchand, Nurmann, and Vilander. (Ex. OTH - A, " Mandayam Decl. " at 178 .) As described below in relation to the arguments presented in Ground 1, the new and amended claims are patentably distinct as the proffered combination does not teach or suggest a mobile phone gateway including the claimed " service repository component. " Further, it would not have been obvious to move the " service repository component " from the laptop computer in Marchand to the mobile phone gateway, as that combination would have been inoperable in 2001, given the hardware and software limitations that existed at the time. As the arguments presented below are not exhaustive of the applicable patentability grounds, Patent Owner reserves its right to present further arguments to the extent necessary. 45 A number of features have been added by amendment to Claims 48 and 56, and have been included in new claims 57 - 129, that are not addressed by the grounds or references as applied in IPR2015 - 01444. These features provide separate bases for patentability of the amended and added claims. For example, features related to 802. 11 (or Wi - Fi) technology used alone or in combination with Bluetooth technology (Ex. OTH - A, " Mandayam Decl. " at 187 .), applications to provide email services, calendaring services and managing contacts (Ex. OTH - A, " Mandayam Decl. " at 188 .), a location application that provides a current location of the wireless device (Ex. OTH - A, " Mandayam Decl. " at 189 .), a tunneling and optimization component (Ex. OTH - A, " Mandayam Decl. " at 190 .), software to establish the short - distance wireless network (Ex. OTH A, " Mandayam Decl. " at 191 .), and various network management functions performed by the handheld wireless device (Ex. OTH - A, " Mandayam Decl. " at 192 .) further distinguish over the references as applied in the grounds of IPR2015 - 01444. A. Ground 1 - Amended and New Claims 48 and 56 - 129 are not obvious under 35U.S. C. § 103 with respect to Marchand, Nurmann, and Vilander Ground 1 of IPR2015 - 01444 relied on the teachings Vilander and Nurmann with respect to a network address translator software component as claimed by the Patent Owner. Ground 1 did not rely on Vilander or Nurmann with respect to teaching a LUS or service repository software CO component, or a device to host a LUS or service repository. While new and amended Claims 48 and 56 - 129 include a number of features that were not addressed in any of the Grounds of IPR2015 - 01444 as noted below, new and amended Claims 48 and 56 - 129 include a " service repository software component " or equivalent function (such as enumerating and searching services) provided on a wireless device that wirelessly connects to both a cellular network and a short distance wireless network and are therefore not obvious in view of 46