Match Group, LLC v. Bumble Trading Inc.

Western District of Texas, txwd-6:2018-cv-00080

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EXHIBIT 10 HarperCollins Publishers Acknowledgements Westerhill Road We would like to thank those authors and puUlishers who kindly BishopUriggs gave permission for copyright material to Ue used in the Collins Glasgow corpus.We would also like to thank Times Newspapers Ltd for G G4 2QT providing valuaUle data. Eleventh edition zoii All rights reserved.No part of this Uook may Ue reproduced,stored in a retrieval system,or transmitted in any form or Uy any means, Reprint io9876543z10 electronic, mechanical, photocopying,recording or otherwise, without the prior permission in writing of the PuUlisher.This book o William Collins Sons & Co. 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ISBN 978-0-00-7445zz-~ HarperCollins does not warrant that, Collins is a registered trademark of or any other website mentioned in HarperCollins Publishers Limited this title will Ue provided uninterrupted,that any weUsite will be error free,that defects will Ue corrected,or that the weUsite or the server that makes it available are free of viruses or Uugs.For full terms and conditions please refer to the site terms provided on the A catalogue record for this book is available weUsite. from the British LiUrary About the type Designed Uy Wolfgang Homola This dictionary is typeset in CollinsFedra,a special version ofthe Fedra family of types designed Uy Peter Bil'ak. CollinsFedra has typeset Uy Davidson Publishing Solutions,Glasgow been customized especially for Collins dictionaries;it includes Uoth sans serif(for headwords)and serif(entries)versions,in Printed and Uound in Italy Uy LECO Spa,Lavis(TYento) several different weights.Its large x-height,its open `eye',and its basis in the tradition of humanist letterforms make CollinsFedra both familiar and easy to read at small sizes.It has been designed to use the minimum space without sacrificing legibility,as well as including a number of characters and signs that are specific to dictionary typography.Its companion phonetic type is the first of its kind to be drawn according to the same principles as the regular typeface,rather than assembled from rotated and reflected characters from other types.Peter Bil'ak(Dorn 1973,Slovakia)is a graphic and type designer living in the Netherlands.He is the author of two books,I11egiUility and Transparency.As well as the Fedra family,he has designed several other typefaces including Eureka. His website has Uecome a focal point for research and debate around contemporary type design. allochthonous - allspice I 44 business 4 social welfare (in a Social Services ® ETYMOLOGY c19: from Greek allophanes appearing allowable (a'lauab•l) adj permissible; admissible Department) the process of assigning referrals to differently, from ALLO- + phainesthai to appear > af'lowably adv individual workers, thus changing their status to allophone (';ela,faun) n 1any of several speech sounds allowance (a'lauans) n I an amount of something, cases that are regarded as contextual or environmental esp money or food, given or allotted usually at allochthonous (a'lok0anas) adj (of rocks, deposits, variants of the same phoneme. In English the regular intervals 2 a discount, as in consideration etc) found in a place other than where they or their aspirated initial (p) in pot and the unaspirated (p) for something given in part exchange or to increase constituents were formed. Compare autochthonous in spot are allophones of the phoneme /p/ 2 Canadian business; rebate 3 (in Britain) an amount of a (sense1) a Canadian whose native language is neither person's income that is not subject to a particular @ETYMOLOGY c20: from Greek allokhthon, from ALLD- French nor English, allophonic (,aela'fornk) adj tax and is therefore deducted before his or her + l<hthiin (genitive khthonos) earth alloplasm (';ela,pl;ezam) n biology partofthe liability to taxation is assessed 4 a portion set aside allocution (,.ela'kju:J,m) n rhetoric a formal or cytoplasm that is specialized to form cilia, ilagella, to compensate for something or to cover special authoritative speech or address, esp one that and similar structures,,allo'plasmic adj expenses 5 Brit education a salary supplement given advises, informs, or exhorts allopolyploid (,.ela'pnlr,plord) adj 1(of cells, to a teacher who is appointed to undertake extra @ETYMOLOGY c17: from Late Latin allocutiii, from Latin organisms, etc) having more than two sets of duties and responsibilities 6 admission; concession alloquf to address, from loquf to speak haploid chromosomes inherited from different 7 the act of allowing; sanction; toleration allodial (a'laudral) adj I (ofland) held as an species I> n 2 an interspecific hybrid of this type 8 something allowed 9 make allowances or make allodium 2 (of tenure) characterized by or relating that is therefore fertile • See also autopolyploid, allowance (usually foll by for) a to take mitigating to the system of holding land in absolute polyploid,,allo'poly,ploidy n circumstances into account in consideration (of) ownership: theallodialsystem 3 (of people) holding allopurinol (,aelau'pjuan,nol) n a synthetic drug b to allow (for) 1> vb 10 (tr) to supply (something) in anallodium that reduces blood concentrations of uric acid and limited amounts allodium (a'laudram) or allod ('aelod) n, pl-lodia is administered orally in the treatment of gout. Alloway (';ela,wer) n a village in Scotland, in (-'laudra) or-lods history lands held in absolute Formula: C5H4N40 South Ayrshire, S of Ayr: birthplace of Robert Burns ownership, free from such obligations as rent or ®ETYMOLOGY c20: from ALLO- +PURINE+ -OL1 allowedly (a'lamdh) adv (sentence modifier) by general services due to an overlord. Also: alodium All-Ordinaries Index n an index of share prices on admission or agreement; admittedly ® ETYMOLOGY Cl7: from Medieval Latin, from Old the Australian Stock Exchange giving a weighted alloy n ('aebr,a'br) lametallicmaterial,suchas German alliid (unattested) entire property, from al- arithmetic average of 245 ordinary shares steel, brass, or bronze, consisting of a mixture of ALL + -iid property; compare Old High German ot, allosaur (';ela,s:i:) or allosaurus (,aela's:i:ras) n any two or more metals or of metallic elements with Old English ead property large carnivorous bipedal dinosaur of the genus nonmetallic elements. Alloys often have physical allogamy (a'logamr) n cross-fertilization in Antrodemus (formerly Allosaurus), common in North properties markedly different from those of the flowering plants, al'logamous aqj America in late Jurassic times: suborder Theropoda pure metals 2 something that impairs the quality allograft ('aelau,gra:ft) n a tissue graft from a donor (theropods) or reduces the value of the thing to which it is genetically unrelated to the recipient 0 ETYMOLOGY Cl 9: from ALLO- + -SAUR added I> vb (a'lor) (tr) 3toadd (one metal or element allograph ('aela,gra:f) n I a document written by a allosteric (,aelau'strank) adj biochem of, relating to, to another metal or element) to obtain a substance person who is not a party to it 2 a signature made by or designating a function of an enzyme in which with a desired property 4 to debase (a pure one person on behalf of another. Compare the structure and activity of the enzyme are substance) by mixing with an inferior element autograph 3 linguistics any of the written symbols modified by the binding of a metabolic molecule 5 to diminish or impair that constitute a single grapheme: m andM are allot (a'lot) vb -lots, -lotting, -lotted (tr) 1 to assign @ETYMOLOGY c1G: from Old French aloi a mixture, allographs in the Roman alphabet > allographic or distribute (shares, etc) 2 to designate for a from aloier to combine, from Latin alligare, from ligare (,aela'graefrk) adj particular purpose: money was allotted to cover expenses to bind allomerism (a'loma,nzam) n similarity of 3 (foll byto) apportion: we allotted two hours to the case alloyed junction n a semiconductor junction used crystalline structure in substances of different "ETYMOLOGY c1G: from Old French aloter, from lot in some junction transistors and formed by alloying chemical composition, allomeric (,;ela'msnk) or portion, LOT metal contacts, functioning as emitter and collector al'lomerous adj allotment (a'lotmant) n lthe act of allotting; regions, to a wafer of semiconductor that acts as the allometry (a'lomrtn) n 1the study of the growth of apportionment 2 a portion or amount allotted base region. Compare diffused Junction part of an organism in relation to the growth of the 3Brit a small piece ofusuallypublic land rented by allozyme ('aelau,za,m) n any one of a number of entire organism 2 a change in proportion of any of an individual for cultivation different structural forms of the same enzyme the parts of an organism that occurs during growth allotrope ('aela,traup) n anyoftwoormorephysical coded for by a different allele, allometric (.;ela'mstnk) adj forms in which an element can exist: diamond and <> ETYMOLOGY c20: from ALLO- + (EN)ZYME allomone (';ela,marm) n a chemical substance graphite are allotropes of carbon all-points bulletin n (in the us) an alert broadcast secreted externally by certain animals, such as allotropous (a'lntrapas) adj (of flowers) having to all police officers within an area, instructing the insects, affecting the behaviour or physiology of the nectar accessible to any species of insect arrest of a suspect another species detrimentally. Compare pheromone allotropy (a'lotrap1) or allotropism n the all-powerful adj possessing supreme power; allomorph (';ela,m:i:f) n I linguistics any of the existence of an element in two or more physical omnipotent phonological representations of a single forms. The most common elements having this all-purpose aqj useful for many things morpheme. For example, the final (s) and (z) sounds property are carbon, sulphur,and phosphorus all right adj (postpositive except in slang use) 1 adequate; of bets and beds are allomorphs of the English, allotropic (.aela'trop1k) adj,,allo'tropicallyadv satisfactory 2 unharmed; safe 3 all-right US slang noun-plural morpheme 2 any of two or more all'ottava (;ela'ta:va) adj, adv music to be played an a acceptable: an all-right book b reliable: an all-right guy different crystalline forms of a chemical compound, octave higher or lower than written. Symbol: Bva 1> sentence substitute 4 very well: used to express such as a mineral >,allo'morphic adj "ETYMOLOGY Italian: at the octave assent 1> adv 5 satisfactorily; adequately: the car goes allomorphism (,;ela'm:,:frzam) n variation in the allottee (alot'i:) n a person to whom something all right 6 without doubt: he's a bad one, all right ~ Also: crystalline form of a chemicalcompound is allotted alright allonym (';elarnm) n a name, often one of historical allotype ('aela,tarp) n I biology an additional type @USAGE: See at alright significance or that of another person, assumed by specimen selected because of differences from the all-round adj 1efficient in all respects, esp in sport; a person, esp an author original type specimen, such as opposite sex or versatile: an all-round player 2 comprehensive; allopath ('oela,p;e0) or allopathist (a'lopa8rst) n morphological details 2 immunol any of the variant many-sided; not narrow: an all-round education a person who practises or is skilled in allopathy forms of a particular immunoglobulin found all-rounder n a versatile person, esp in a sport allopathic (,;ela'p;e8rk) adj of, relating to, or used among members of the same species All Saints' Day n a Christian festival celebrated in allopathy,,allo'pathically adv all-out informal l>allj Jusingone'smaximumpowers: on Nov 1 to honour all the saints allopathy (a'lnpa0r) n the orthodox medical an all-out effort I> adv all out 2 to one's maximum allseed ('J:l,si:d) n any of several plants that method of treating disease, by inducing a condition effort or capacity: he went all out on the home stretch produce many seeds, such as knotgrass different from or opposed to the cause of the all-over adj covering the entire surface all-singing all-dancing adj having every desirable disease. Compare homeopathy, allopathic allow (a'lau) vb I (tr) to permit (to do something); feature possible: an all-singing all-dancing computer (.;ela'p;e8rk) adj,,allo'pathically adv let 2 (tr) to set aside: five hours were allowed to do the job all-sorts pl n a mixture, esp a mixture ofliquorice allopatric (,;ela'p;etnk) adj (of biological speciation 3 (tr) to let enter or stay: they don't allow dogs 4 (tr) to sweets or species) taking place or existing in areas that are acknowledge or concede (a point, claim, etc) 5 (tr) to All Souls' Day n RC Church a day ofprayer(Nov2)for geographically separated from one another. let have; grant: he was allowed few visitors 6 (intr; foll by the dead in purgatory Compare sympatric,,allo'patrically adv for) to take into account: allow for delays 7 (intr; often allspice (':i:l,spars) n I a tropical American @ETVMOLOGV c20: from ALLO- + -patric, from Greek foll by of) to permit; admit: a question that allows of only myrtaceous tree,Pimentaof(icinalis, having small patris native land one reply 8 (tr; may take a clause as object) US dialect to white flowers and aromatic berries 2 the whole or allophane (';e!a,fem) n a variously coloured assert; maintain 9 (tr) archaic to approve; accept powdered seeds of this berry used as a spice, having amorphous mineral consisting of hydrated "ETYMOLOGY c14: from Old French alouer, from Late a ilavour said to resemble a mixture of cinnamon, aluminium silicate and occurring in cracks in some Latin allaudare to extol, influenced by Medieval Latin cloves, and nutmeg • Also called: pimento,Jamaica sedimentary rocks a!locare to assign, ALLOCATE pepper 1305 I Prestonpans - preverbal prestonpans (,prestan'paenz) n a small town and pretension (pn'tmfan) n l (often plural) a false or with a pretty wit 4 informal often ironic excellent, grand, resort in SE Scotland, in East Lothian on the Firth of unsupportable claim, esp to merit, worth, or or fine: here's a pretty mess! 5 informal lacking in forth: scene of the battle (1745) in which the Jacobite importance 2 a specious or unfounded allegation; masculinity; effeminate; foppish 6 Scot vigorous or arrnY of Prince Charles Edward defeated government pretext 3 the state or quality of being pretentious brave 7 an archaic word for elegant 8 a pretty penny forces under Sir John Cope. Pop: 7153 (2001) pretensive (pr1'tms1v) adj Caribbean pretentious informal a large sum of money 9 sitting pretty prestress (,pri:'stres) vb (tr) to apply tensile stress pretentious (pn'tmfas) adj l making claim to informal well placed or established financially, to (the steel cables, wires, etc, of a precast concrete distinction or importance, esp undeservedly socially, etc 1> n, pl -ties 10 a pretty person or thing part) before the load is applied 2 having or creating a deceptive outer appearance 1> adv 11 informal fairly or moderately; somewhat prestressed concrete n concrete that contains of great worth; ostentatious > pre'tentiously adv 12 informal quite or very 1> vb -ties, -tying, -tied 13 (tr; steel wires, cables, etc, that are prestressed within > pre'tentiousness n often foll by up) to make pretty; adorn > 'prettily adv their elastic limit to counteract the stresses that preter- prenx beyond, more than, or exceeding: > 'prettiness n will occur under load preternatural ®ETYMOLOGY Old English praettig clever; related to prestwich ('prestw1tD n a town in NW England, ., ETYMOLOGY from Latin praeter-, from praeter Middle Low German prattich obstinate, Dutch prettig in Bury unitary authority, Greater Manchester. preterhuman (,pri:ta'hju:man) adj rare beyond glad, Old Norse prettugr cunning Pop: 31693 (2001) what is human pretty-pretty adj informal excessively or prestwick ('prestwrk) n a town in SW Scotland, in preteriteor us preterit('pretant) grammar n ostentatiously pretty south Ayrshire on the Firth of Clyde; international 1 a tense of verbs used to relate past action, formed pretzel ('prEtsal) n a brittle savoury biscuit, in airport, golf course: tourism. Pop: 14934 (2001) in English by inflection of the verb, as jumped, swam the form of a !mot or stick, glazed and salted on presumable (prr'zju:mab'l) adj able to be presumed 2 a verb in this tense I> adj 3 denoting this tense the outside, eaten esp in Germany and the us or taken for granted "ETYMOLOGY c14; from Late Latinpraeteritum (tempus) @ ETYMOLOGY c19; from German, from Old High presumably (pn'zju:mabl!) adv (sentence modirer) past (time, tense), from Latin praeterire to go by, from German brezitella; perhaps related to Medieval Latin one presumes or supposes that: presumably he won't see PRETER- + [re to go bracellus bracelet, from Latin bracchium arm you, if you're leaving tomorrow preterition (,preta'nfan) n 1 the act of passing over Pre-U n (in Britain) a public examination for presume (pn'zju:m) vb 1 (when tr, o~en takes a clause or omitting 2 Roman law the failure of a testator to secondary school pupils wishing to enter university, as object) to take (something) for granted; assume name one of his children in his will, thus offered as an alternative to A level 2 (when tr, often foll by an inrnitive) to take upon oneself invalidating it 3 (in Calvinist theology) the doctrine Preussen ('pr:iysan) n the Gennan name for (to do something) without warrant or permission; that God passed over or ieft unpredestined those not Prussia dare: do you presume to copy my work? 3 (intr; foll by on or elected to final salvation prevail (pn've1l) vb (intr) 1 (often foll by over or upon) to rely or depend: don't presume on his agreement @ETYMOLOGY c17; from Late Latin praeteritiii a passing against) to prove superior; gain mastery: skill will 4 law to take as proved until contrary evidence is over prevail 2 to be or appear as the most important produced > presumedly (pn'zju:m1dl!) adv preteritive (pn'tmtrv) adj (of a verb) having only feature; be prevalent 3 to exist widely; be in force > pre·sumer n > pre·suming adj > pre'sumingly adv past tense forms 4 (often foll by on or upon) to succeed in persuading @ETYMOLOGY c14: via Old French from Latin praesumere preterm (,pri:'ts:m) adj 1(of a baby) born or inducing > pre'vailer n to take in advance, from prae before + sumere to prematurely ~ adv 2 prematurely ®ETYMOLOGY c14: from Latin praevalere to be superior ASSUME pretermit (,pri:ta'm1t) vb -mits, -mitting, -mitted in strength, from prae beyond+ valere to be strong presumption (pn'ZMilpfan) n 1the act of (tr) rare l to overlook intentionally; disregard prevailing (pn'vetl!IJ) adj 1generally accepted; presuming 2 bold or insolent behaviour or manners 2 to fail to do; neglect; omit > pretermission widespread: the prevailinn opinion 2 most frequent or 3 a belief or assumption based on reasonable (,pri:ta'rmfan) n,,Preter'mitter n conspicuous; predominant: the prevailing wind is from evidence 4 a ground or basis on which to presume ., ETYMOLOGY c1G: from Latin praetermittere to let pass, the north, pre'vailinglyadv 5 law an inference of the truth of a fact from other from PRETER- + mittere to send, release prevalent ('prevalant) adj 1widespread or current facts proved, admitted, or judicially noticed preternatural (,pri:ta'naetJral) adj l beyond what 2 superior in force or power; predominant "ETYMOLOGY cu: via Old French from Latin is ordinarily found in nature; abnormal 2 another > 'prevalence or 'prevalentness" > 'prevalently adv praesumptio a using in advance, anticipation, word for supernatural >,preternaturally adv ®ETYMOLOGY c16 (in the sense: powerful): from Latin from praesiimere to take beforehand; see PRESUME,,preternaturalism n >,preter'naturalness or praevalens very strong, from praevalere: see PREVAIL presumptive (pn'ZMilptrv) adj 1 based on,preter,natu'rality n prevaricate (pn'vaen,ke1t) vb (intr) to speak or act presumption or probability 2 affording reasonable "'ETYMOLOGY c1G: from Medieval Latin praeterniituralis, falsely or evasively with intent to deceive ground for belief 3 of or relating to embryonic from Latin praeter naturam beyond the scope of nature > pre,vari'cation n > pre'vari,cator n tissues that become differentiated into a particular pretest (pri:'test) vb (tr) l to test (something) before .,ETYMOLOGY c16: from Latin praeviiriciirrto walk tissue or organ: presumptive epidermis > pre·sumptively presenting it to its intended public or client I> n crookedly, from prae beyond+ viiricare to straddle adv, pre'sumptiveness n ('pri:test) 2 the act or instance of pretesting the legs; compare Latin varus bent presumptuous (pn'ZMilptjuas) adj l characterized pretext ('pri:tekst) n l a fictitious reason given in prevenient (pn'vi:mant) adj coming before; by presumption or tending to presume; bold; order to conceal the real one 2 a specious excuse; anticipatingorpreceding > pre'venientlyadv forward 2 an obsolete word for presumptive pretence "ETYMOLOGY c17; from Latin praevenfre to precede, > pre'sumptuously adv > pre'sumptuousness n @ETYMOLOGY c1G: from Latin praetextum disguise, PREVENT presuppose (,pri:sa'pauz) vb (tr) 1 to take for from praetexere to weave in front, disguise; see prevent (pn'vmt) vb 1(tr) to keep from happening, granted; assume 2 to require or imply as a necessary TEXTURE esp by taking precautionary action 2 (tr; often foll prior condition 3 philosophy, logic, linguistics to require pretexting ('pri:tekst1IJ) n the practice of deceiving by from) to keep (someone from doing something); (a condition) to be satisfied as a precondition for a individuals into surrendering personal information hinder; impede 3 (intr) to interpose or act as a statement to be either true or false or for a speech for fraudulent purposes hindrance 4 (tr) archaic to anticipate or precede act to be felicitous. Have you stopped beating your wife? pretonic (pri:'tomk) adj denoting orrelating to > pre'ventable or pre·ventibleadj > pre,venta'bility or presupposes that the person addressed has a wife the syllable before the one bearing the primary pre,venti'bility n > preventably or pre'ventibly adv and has beaten her, presupposition (,pri:sApa'z1fan) n stress in a word "ETYMOLOGY cis: from Latin praevenfre, from prae preteen (pri:'ti:n) n a boy or girl approaching his pretor ('pri:ta) " a variant spelling of praetor before+ venire to come orherteens Pretoria (pn't:l:na) n a city in N South Africa, the preventer (pn'vmta) " 1 a person or thing that pretence or US pretense(pn'tms) n 1 the act of administrative capital of South Africa; formerly prevents 2 nautical a rope or other piece of gear pretending 2 a false display; affectation 3 a claim, capital of Transvaal province: two universities rigged to prevent a sail from gybing esp a false one, to a right, title, or distinction (1873, 1930); large steelworks. Pop: 525384 (2001). prevention (pn'vmfan) n l the act of preventing 4 make-believe or feigning 5 a false claim or Also called: Tshwane 2 a hindrance, obstacle, or impediment allegation; pretext 6 a less common word for Pretorius (pn't:i:nas) n 1Andries Wilhelmus preventive (pn'vent1v) adj l tending or intended pretension (sense 3) Jacobus ('andri:s wrl'helmys ja:'ko:bys). 1799-1853, to prevent or hinder 2 med a tending to prevent · pretend (pn'tmd) vb 1 (when tr, usually takes a clause a Boer leader in the Great Trek (1838) to escape disease; prophylactic b of or relating to the branch as object or an inrnitive) to claim or allege (something British sovereignty; he also led an expedition to the of medicine concerned with prolonging life and untrue) 2 (tr; may take a clause as object or an infinitive) Transvaal (1848). The town Pretoria was named after preventing disease 3 (in Britain) of, relating to, or to make believe, as in a play: you pretend to be Ophelia him 2 his son, Marthinus Wessels (mar'ti:nys belonging to the customs and excise service or the 3 (intr; foll by to) to present a claim, esp a dubious 'wEsals).1819-1901, first president of the South coastguard 1> n 4 something that serves to prevent one: to pretend to the throne 4 (intr; foll byto) obsolete to African Republic (1857-71) and of the Orange Free or hinder 5 med any drug or agent that tends to aspire as a candidate or suitor (for) I> adj 5 fanciful; State (1859-63) prevent or protect against disease 6 another name make-believe; simulated: a pretend gun prettify ('pnt1,fa1) vb -fies, -fying, -fied (tr) to make for contraceptive • Also (except sense 3): "ETYMOLOGY c14; from Latin praetendere to stretch pretty, esp in a trivial fashion; embellish preventative (pn'ventatrv) > preventively adv forth, feign, from prae in front+ tendere to stretch >,prettifi'cation n > 'pretti,fiern > pre'ventiveness n pretender (pn'tenda) n la person who pretends pretty ('pnt1) adj -tier, -tiest 1pleasing or appealing preverbal (,pri:'v3:b'l) adj lbeingbeforethe or makes false allegations 2 a person who mounts in a delicate or graceful way 2 dainty, neat, or development of speech: preverbal infants 2 grammar a claim, as to a throne or title charming 3 commendable; good of its kind: he replied coming before the verb