Match Group, LLC v. Bumble Trading Inc.

Western District of Texas, txwd-6:2018-cv-00080

Exhibit 3

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Exhibit 3 ..: .. ....... ~"'. ..,.., .,..'.. ' ! ' "~ .:t -:.,. i" !;..;':-· i• ..;~ . ...,, .., .. I) ' ··.•. +1.EEE -Published by Standards lrlform_a tion Network - -- ~--'--- - ·-·---.:~~/; -. -IEEE P(e$s Dallas copy Z \-1&-:-' -~=L=i::~. Trademarks and disclaimers IEEE believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date; such information is subject to change without 1wtice. IEEE is not responsible for any inadvertent errors. Other tradenames and trademarks in this document are those of their respective owners. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Inc. 3 Park Avenue, New York, NY, 10016-5997, USA Copyright © 2000 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. All rights reserved. Published December 2000. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system or othe1wise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. To order IEEE Press publications, ca/11-800-678-/EEE. ., ' ·.·. Print: ISBN 0-7381-2601-2 SPJ122 See other standards and s~dards-relate~ product listings at:. http)/ The publisher believes ti1at the information and guiilance given in this work serve as an enhancement to users, all parties must rely upon their own skill and judgement when making use of it. The publisher does not assume any liability to anyone for any loss or damage caused by any error or omission in the work, whecher such error or omission is the result of negligence or any .o ther cause. Any and all such liability is disclaimed. . ' This work is published with the understanding that the IEEE is supplying information through this publication, not attempting to render engineering or other professional services. If such services are required, the assistance of an appropriate professional should be sought. The IEEE is not responsible for the statements and opinions advanced in this publication. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data IEEE 100: the authoritative dictionary of IBEE standards terms.-7th ed. p. cm. ISBN 0-7381-2601 -2 (paperback: alk. paper) L Electric engineering-Dictionaries. 2. Electronics-Dictionaries. 3. Computer engineering-Dictionaries. 4. Electric engineering-Acronyms. 5. Electronics-Acronyms. 6. Computer engineering-Acronyms. I. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. TK9 .128 iooo 621.3'03-dc21 00-050601 automated teller machine 64 automatic component interconnection matrix automated teller machine I A T:•1) A•1 ununended tem1inal-type automatically r eset relay See: self-reset relay. device that offers simple banking services such as cash with- automatic approach control A system that integrates signals. drawals, transfer of fur. ds bet\' een:1ccou11ts. and account bal- received by local izer and glide path receivers. into the auto- ance inquiry. Synonym. customer-bank communication ter- matic pilot system, and guides the airplane down the localizer minal. (C) 610.2- 1987 and glide path beam intersection. (EEC/PE) [ 119] automated test case generator See: automated test generator. automatic bias nulling A circuit or system technique for setting automated test data generator See: automated test generator. the mean value of sensor output. averaged over a defined time automated test generator (software) A software tool that ac- period, to zero, or to some defined value. cepts as input a computer program and test criteria, generates (AES/GYAC) 528- 1994 test input data that meet these criteria, and, sometimes, de- automatic block sign al system A seiies of consecutive blocks termines the expected results. See also: data; computer pro- governed by block signal s, cab signals, or bo~h, operated by gram. (C/SE) T19- l 983s electric, pneumatic, or other agency actuated by a train or by automated thesaurus In machine-aided translation, a com- certain conditions affecting the use of a block. See also: puter-resident thesaurus used in conjunction with an auto- block-signal system. (EEC/PEJ [ I 19] mated lexicon to handle words with multiple meanings. automatic cab signal system A system that provides for the (CJ 610.2-1 987 automatic operation of cab signals. See also: automatic train automated verification system (A) (software) A software tool control. (EEC/PE) [ I I 9] that accepts as input a computer program and a representation of its specification, and produces, possibly with human help, automatic calendar A component of some office automation a proof or disproof of the correctness of the program. systems that allows users to store their appointments in a da- (B) (software) Any software tool that automates part or all tabase and to set up meetings by requesting a search for an of the veiification process. (C) 610.1 2-1990 available meeting time in each of the pa1ticipants' calendars. (C) 610.2- 1987 automated verification tools (software) A class of software tools used to evaluate products of the software development automatic call distribution (ACD) A service that evenly dis- process. These tools aid in the veiification of such character- tributes calls among incoming end user lines. istics as correctness, completeness, consistency. traceability, (AMR/SCC3 1) 1390-1995, 1390.2-1999. 1390.3- 1999 testability, and adherence to standards. Examples are design automatic call distr ibutor (telephone switching systems) The analyzers, automated verification systems, static analyzers, fac ility for allotting incoming traffic to idle operators or at- dynamic analyzers, and standards enforcers. See also: tool; tendants. (COM) 312-1977w veiification; automated verification system; testability; dy- automatic capacitor control equipment A piece of equipment namic analyzer; static analyzer; software development pro- that provides automatic control for functions related to ca- cess; correctness: design analyzer. (C/SEJ 729-l 983s pacitors, such as the ir connection to and disconnection from automatic (1) Pertaining to a function, operation, process. or a circuit in response to predetem1ined conditions such as volt- device that, under specified conditions, functions without in- age, load. or time. (SWG/PE) C37 .I00-1992 tervention by a human operator. automatic carriage (1) A control mechanism for a typewriter (C/SUB/PE) 610 .2-1987, 610.1 0-1994w, C37.l-1987s or other output device that can automatically control the feed - (2) Self-acting, operating by its own mechanism when actu- ing, spacing, skipping and ejecting of paper and prepiinted ated by some impersonal influence-as, for example, a fonns. (C) [20], 610. 1O-l994w change in current strength; not manual; without personal in- (2) Pertaining to a function, operation, process. or device that. tervention. Remote control that requires personal intervention under speci tied conditions. functions without intervention by is not automatic, but manual. a human operator. (C) 610. 1O-l994w (NESC{f&DJ C2-1 997, C2.2-1960 automatic chart-line foll ower (navigation aid terms) A de- (3) Self-acting, operating by its own mechanism when ac- vice that automatically derives error signals proponional to tuated by some impersonal infl uence, as, for example, a the deviation of the position of a vehicle from a predetennined change in current strength, pressure, temperature. or mechan- course line drawn on a chan. (AES/GCS) l 72-1983w ical configuration. See also: nonautomatic. automatic check A check that is built into a device in order to (NESC/NEC/JA/ICTL/IAC) [60], [86] verify the accuracy of infomiation transmitted. manipulated, (4) Pe1taining to a process or device that, under specified or stored by that device. Synonyms: buil t-in check; hardware conditions, functions without intervention by a human oper- check. (C) 610.5- 1990w. 610.10-1994w ator. (SWG/PE) C37.100- 1992 automatic abstracting In library automation. the automatic se- automatic circuit closer (supervisory control, data acquisi- lection of words and phrases from a document to produce an tion, and automatic control) A self-controlled device for abstract (C) 6 10.2-1 987 automatically intell'upting and reclosing an alternating-cur- automatic acceleration (1) (automatic train control) Accel- rent circuit. with a predetem1ined sequence of opening and reclosing followed by resetting, hold-closed. or lockout op- eration under the control of devices that function automati - cally to maintain, within relatively close predete1mined val- eration. (SUB/PE) C37.l-1987s ues or schedules, current passing to the traction motors, the automatic circu it r ecloser A self-controlled device for auto- tractive force developed by them, the rate of vehicle accel - matically interrupting and rec losing an alternating-current cir- eration, or similar factors affecting acceleration. See also: cuit. with a predetem1ined sequence of opening and reclosing multiple-unit control; electric drive. (EEC/PE) [ 119] followed by resetting, hold-closed, or lockout operation. (2) Acceleration under the control of devices that funciion Nore: When applicable, it includes an assembly of control automatically to raise the motor speed. See also: multiple- elements required to detect overcurrents and control the re- unit control; electric drive. <IA/JAC) [60] closer operation. Automatically Programmed Tools (APT) (1) A problem-ori- (SWG/SUB/PEJ C37.l-1987s, C37.100-1992 ented programming language used for programming numer- automatic combustion control A method of combustion con- ically controlled machine tool s. (C) 61O.l3-l 993w trol that is effected automatically by mechanical or electric (2) A programming system using English-like symbolic de- devices. (T&D/PE) [ IO) sciiptions of part and tool geometry and tool motion for nu- automatic component interconnection matrix A hardware meiical conn·oL (Cl 610.2-1987 system for cmmecting inputs and outputs of parallel comput- automatically regulated (rotating machinery) Applied to a ing components according to a predetermined program. Nore: machine that can regulate its own characteristics when asso- This system, which may consist of a matrix of mechanical ciated with other apparatus in a suitable closed-loop circuit. and/or electronic switches, replaces the manual program (PE) [9] patch boards and patch cords on analog computers. Synonym: CPCI 249 crest factor CPCI See: computer program conhgura1ion item. crawling (rotating machiner~·) The stable but abnormal run- CPE See: circular probable error. ning of a synchronous or asynchronous machine at a speed CPE active state A state in whk il the CPE perfonn; a com- near to a submultiple of the synchronous speed. See also: munications functions. r.-\MR 1 1390- 1995 asynchronous machine. . {PE) [9] crazing (1) (composite insulators) Surface microfracrures of CPE inactive state A state in which the CPE does nm perform the weathershed material to depths less than 0. I millimeter a communications function. (AMR) 1390- 1995 resulting from ultraviolet exposure. (T&D/PE) 987- 1985w CPE address The LSAP address at which the CPE may be (2) The small internal cracking around a point of mechanical reached. (LM/C) 15802-2- 1995 stress that sometimes occurs in plastics. CPE instance identifier The tuple of CPE address and CPE (PE/EDPGJ 1184- 1994 instance number that uniquely identifies a CPE instance (3) Surface microfractures of the insulator material to depths within the LAN/MAN environment, within the limits of less than 0. 1 mm resulting from ultraviolet exposure. uniqueness of the CPE address and instance values used. (PE/IC) 48- 1996 (LM/C) 15802-2- 1995 CRC (1) violation If the transmitted and received CRC codes CP E instance number A number, allocated to the CPE at in- are not identical, a CRC violation has occurred. meaning one stantiation time, that distinguishes a CPE insrance from all or more errors has occurred in transmission. other CPE instances. past and present, associated with a par- {COM{TA) 1007- 199 1r ticular CPE address. (LM/C) 15802-2-1995 (2) T he cyclic redundancy code used for error detection on CPM See: critical path method. each packet. {C/JvlM) I 596- 1992 CPU See: central processing unit. (3) See also: cyclic redundancy check. (Cl 6 10.7- 1995 CR differentiator A high-pass electrical filter section consist- CP U b usy time See: CPU time. ing of a capacitor in series with the signal path followed by CPU time In time-sharing computer systems, the time devoted a resistor across the path. (NPS) 325-1996 by the central processing unit to the execution of instructions cr edentials Information supplied to authenticate a communi- of a particular process, task, or user. Sy11011ym: CPU busy cation. (SCC32) 1455-1999 time. See also: connect time. (C) 6 1O. l0- l 994w credit-card call (telephone switching systems) A call in which CPU timer A feature of some computer systems that measures a credit-card identity is used for billing purposes. elapsed CPU time and that causes an interrupt when a pre- {COM) 3 I 2- I 977w viously specified amount of time has elapsed. creep (1) Continued defo1m ation of material under stress. (C) 6 10.I0- 1994w (IA/PSE) 24 1- 1990r CR See: carriage return character; carriage return; cavity ratio. (2) See also: watthour meter- creep. (ELM) Cl 2. l- 1988 crab a ng l e ~ See: drift angle; drift correction angle. creepage The travel of electrolyte up the surface of electrode * Deprcca1ed. or other parts of the cell above the level of the main body of cr acking (1) Rupture of the polymeric insulator material to electrolyte. See also: electrolytic cell. (EEC/PE) [ 11 9] depths equal to or greater than 0.1 mm. (PE/IC) 48-1 996 creepage dista nce (power and distribution transform ers) (2) Rupture of the weathershed material to depths greater than The shortest d istance between two conducting parts measured 0.1 mm. (SPD/PE) C62.l l-1999 along the surface or joints of the insulating material between cradle base (rota ting machiner y) A device that supports the them. (SWG/PE!fR) C37. 100- 1992, C57.12.80-1978r machine at the bearing housings. (PE) [9] creepage sur face (rotating machinery) An insulating-material crane A machine for lifting or lowering a load and moving it surface extending across the separating space between com- horizontally, in which the hoisting mechanism is an integral ponents at different electric potential, where the physical sep- pan of the machine. Note: It may be driven manually or by aration provides the electrical insulation. See also: asynchro- power and may be fixed or a mobile machine. nous machine. (PE) [9] (EEC/PE) [ 119] cr eep distance (1) (outdoor a pparatus bushings) The distance crash (I) The sudden and complete failu re of a computer system measured along the external contour of the weather casing or component. See also: hard failure; disk crash; head crash. separating the metal parts which have the operating line-to- (C) 610. 12-1990, 6 10. l0-1 994w ground voltage between them. (PE/TR) 2 1-1976 (2) To fail as in definition (A). (C) 6 l0.10-1 994w (2) The shortest distance measured along the external contour of the insulating envelope that separates the metal part op- crate (1) (CAMAC syste m) See also: CAMAC crate. erating at line voltage and the metal fl ange at ground poten- (2) (FASTBUS crate) The mechanical housing for FAST- tial. (PE{TR) C57. 19.03- 1996 BUS modules in a crate segment. (NID) 960- 1993 creeping stimulus See: accumulating stimulus. crate numb er (c) (subroutines in CAMAC) The symbol c rep- creeping wave A wave propagating along a smooth convex sur- resents an integer which is the crate number component of a face that has diffracted into the shado w re!!ion. CAMAC address. Crate number in this context can be either (AP/J>ROP) 2 11-1997 the physical crate number or it can be an integer symbol crescent See: conductor grip. which is interpreted by the computer system software to pro- duce appropriate hardware access information. coordination of insulation (1) (lightning insulation stren gth) (NPS) 758- l 979r The steps taken to prevent damage to electric equipment due to overvoltages and to localize ft ashovers to points where they crate segment (F ASTBUS acq uisition and control) A FAST- will not cause damage. Note: In practice, coordination con- BUS segment that consists of a backplane mounted on a sists of the process of correlatin g the insulating strengths of FASTBUS crate and having connectors to mate with a mul- electric equipment with expected overvoltages and with the tiplicity of FASTBUS modules. {NID) 960-1993 characteristics of protective devices. (PE/EEC) [8]. [74] Crawford cell See: transverse-electromagnetic cell. (2) The selection of insulation strength consistent with ex- cr awler See: crawler tractor. pected overvoltages to obtain an acceptable risk of fai lure. cr awler tractor (conductor stringing equipment) A tracked (SPD/PE) C62.22- I 997 unit employed to pull pulling lines, sag conductor, level or crest factor (1) (germanium gamma-ray detectors) (x-ray en- clear pull and tension sites, and miscellaneous other work. It ergy s pectrometers) (semiconductor radiation detectors) is also frequently used as a temporary anchor. Sagging (charged-particle detectors) (of an average reading or root- winches on this unit are usually arranged in a vertjcal config- mean-square voltmeter) The ratio of the peak voltage value uration. Synonyms: tractor; cat; crawler. that an average reading or root-mean-square voltmeter will (T&D/PE) 524- 1992r, 524a- 1993r accept without overloading to the full scale value of the range graphic 487 gravi ty gradient stabilization that. after ca1Tying out the muhiplh:.i.it1!1> •.-•1!hrn the brackets, graphics input The interactive process of emering data on a a term will be dropped if it co1i<:i111: rh= i:-~mmm<1!1,·e product graphics system. (C) 610.6- 1991 w of two !ouching loops. 3. Th: ~ ·:q•h detcm1m:1nt r~duces to gr a phics lan guage A programming language that produces dis- the return difference for a graph ha,·mg o n!) ont J;i~p. 4. The play data. (C) 610.6- 199Jw graph dete1mina111 is equal to rhe determinant of the coeffi- graphics processor See: display processor. cient equations. (CAS) 155-J960w G raphicString A value of the ASN. l GraphicString restricted graphic A symbol produced by a process such as handwriting, character string type. (C/PA) 1238.J-1994w drawing. or printing. Sy11011w11: gTaphic symbol. gr aphic symbol (1) (abbreviation) A geometric representation (C) 6 10.2-1987, 610.J0-!994w used to depict graphically the generic function of an item as graphical P enaining to the pictorial representation of data. it nonnally is used in a circuit. See also: abbreviation. (C) 610.6-1991w (GSD) 267- 1966 oraphical display de\'ice A display device that can display (2) A sho11hand used to show graphically the functioning or " graphical output. Note: Graphical display devices can display interconnections of a circuit. A gTaphic symbol represents the characters but they are in the form of graphical images. See functions of a pan in the circuit. For example. when a lamp also: display space: display surface. (C) 610.6-1991 w is employed as a nonlinear resistor, the nonlinear resistor G raphical Info1·mation Retrieval Language (GIRL) A pro- symbol is used. Graphic symbols are used on single-line (one- gramming language used lo manipulate informacion in arbi- line) diagrams, on schematic or e lementary diagrams, or, as trary directed-graph scructures, including fac ilit ies for inser- applicable. on connection or wiring diagrams. Graphic sym- tion. reu·ieval. deletion, and comparison. bols are correlated with parts lists, descriptions, or instruc- (C) 610.13-1993w tions by means of designations. (GSD) 3 I 5- I 975r graphical input device (A) An inpuc device employed in the gr a phics system A collection of hardware or software allowing interactive process of identifying a location on a display sur- the use of gTaphical input or outpuc in computer programs. face; for example, a joystick, a data tablet, a control ball, a (C) 610.6-1 991w mouse, or a thumbwheel. (BJ An input device employed in graphic tablet A data tablet or digitizer that can be used with the entry of graphical images. (C) 610.6-1991 a stylus 10 trace existing graphic images, or for emering new G raphical Kernel System (GKS) A computer graphics stan- images. (C) 6J0.10-1994w dard that provides a set of basic functions for producing com- graphic user terminal A terminal used 10 display and manip- puter generated pictures. It was developed by the Interna- ulate both alphanumeric symbols as well as graphic images. tional Standards Organization (ISO) and adopced by !he CC) 6l0.J0- 1994w American National Standards Institute (ANSI). graphite brush A brush composed principally of graphite. (C) 610.6-1991w Note: This type of brush is soft. Grades of brushes of this graphical model A symbolic model whose properties are ex- type differ greatly in current-carrying capacity and in oper- pressed in diagrams; for example, a decision tree used 10 ex- ating speed from low to high. See also: brush. press a complex procedure. Co111ras1: mathemacical model; (PE/EEC/LB) [9], [IOI) software model; narrative model. (C) 610.3-1989w graph transmittance (n etwork analysis) The ratio of signal a! graphical user interface (G UI) (1) A user interface !hat is some specified dependent node, to the signal applied at some graphical in nature; that is, the user can enter commands by specified source node. Note: The graph transmittance is the using a mouse, icons and windows. Note: Sometimes pro- weighted s um of the path transmittances of the different open nounced "gooey." Contrast: character-based user interface. paths from the designated source node 10 the designated de- (C) 610.IO-l994w pendent node, where the weight for each path is the path (2) A means of presenting function 10 a user through the use factor divided b! the graph determinant. of graphics. All such interfaces are outside the scope of this (CAS) 155-1960w standard. (C/PA) 1387.2-1995 grass A descriptive colloquialism referring to the appearance of graphical user inter face font See: screen font. noise on certain displays, such as an A-display. graphic character (1) A character, other than a control char- (AES J 686-1997 acter, 1ha1 is normally represented by a graphic. Sy11011y111: graticule (oscilloscopes) A scale for measurement of quantities optical character. (C) 6 10.2- 1987 displayed on the cathode-ray rube of an oscilloscope. See (2) A sequence of one or more POSIX.POS/X_C/10rac1ers also: oscilloscope. (IM/HFIM) [40] representing a single gTaphic symbol. (C) 1003.5-1999 graticule area (oscilloscopes) The area enclosed by the contin- graphic display (supenisory control, data acquisit ion, and uous outer graticule lines. Note: U nless otherwise stated the a utomatic control) (station control and data acquisition) graticule area shall be equal to or less chan the viewing area. A hardware device [e.g.. CRT, VDT, liquid crystal display See also: quality area; oscillogTaph; viewing area. (LCD), mapboard, plasma panel, arrays of lamps, or light (IM/HF!M) [40] emitting diodes] used to present pictorial information. graticule, internal See: i111emal graticule. (PE/SUB) C37.l-1994 grating See: ultrasonic space grating. gr aphic dis play device A display device that can display graph- grating lobe A lobe, other than the main lobe. produced by an ical output. Note: Graphic display devices can display char- array antenna when the incerelement spacing is sufficiently acters but they are in the form of graphic images. Contrast: large to permit the in-phase addition of radiated fields in more character display device. (C) 6 1O. l O- l 994w than one direction. CAP/ANT) 145- 1993 graphic printer A printer that can display both text and graph- gravitationa l acceleration unit (g, g) (1) A unit of acceleration ical ou1pu1. Comrast: character printer. (C) 610. IO- I 994w that is approximately 32.2 ft/s~ [9.8 m/s~] . graphic input device An input device employed in the entry of (C/BA) 1101.4-1 993. 1101.3-1993 graphic images. Examples include a joystick, a mouse, or a (2) The symbol g denotes a unit of acceleration equal in mag- track ball. See also: digitizer. (C) 610.J0-1994w nitude 10 the local value of gravity, unless otherwise specified. graphics adapter An expansion board that enhances the com- Notes: I. In some applications, a standard value of g may be puter's ability to control the display device; for example, a specified. 2. For an eanhbound accelerometer, the attractive graphics adapter that allows color output, or non-interlacing. force of gravity acting on the proof mass must be treated as Sy11011ym: video board. (C) 6 10.JO-J994w an applied upward acceleration of 1 g. graphics d ata See: display data. (AES/GY ACJ 528-1994 graphics field* See: viewporc. gravity gr adient s tabilization (commu nication satellite) The • Deprecated. use of the gravity gradient along a satellite structure for repetit ive operation ~65 repr esentation repetitive operation (a nalog computer) \ _,,,,_1,"'';';,-, wl11:a (2) The process by w hich copies of entries are created and the computer operates as a repetitive de \' !·.: ~: ihe:-. •:l:1.1, !1 1 i. 1L 1e- maintained. may be a small fraction of a second o r a>;,1ng,,, cl~ ' 'r~d. (C/PA) 1328.2-1993w, !326.2-1993w, 1224.2-1993w, after which the problem is automaticali; and itl\ d) c; - 1327.2-1 993w cled through reset, hold, and operate. (C) I 65- I 977w r eply (1) (tran sponder operation) (naYigation aids) A radio- repetitive peak forward current (sem iconductor) The peak frequency signal or combination of signals transmitted as a value of the forward current including all repetitive transient result of an interrogation. (AES/GCS) 172-1983w currents. (lA) [ 12] (2) Messages from the printer to the host. Sy1101n'lll: response. repetitive peak line rnltage (t hyristor) The highest instanta- (C/MMJ 1284.1 -1997 neous value of the line. voltage including all repetitive tran- (3) The response sent from a target to an initiator indicating sient voltages. but excluding all nonrepetitive transient volt- that the target has successfully or unsuccessfully executed the ages. (IA/IPC) 428- 1981 w process specified by the command originally sent from the initiator to the target. (C/MM) 1284.4-2000 repetitive peak OFF-state curren t (semiconductor) The max- (4) See also: transaction completion. imum instantaneous value of the OFF-state current that results (C/MM) 12 12.1-1 993 from the application of repetitive peak-OFF-state voltage. r eplying agent An agent that participates in a transfer operation (IA) [12] with the bus owner. (C/MMJ 1296- 1987s repetitive peak OFF-state voltage The maximum instanta- reply phase The final phase of a transfer operation that consists neous value of the OFF-state voltage that occurs across a of one or more consecutive data and/or status transfers on the thyristor, including all repetitive transient voltages, but ex- parallel system bus. (C/MM) 1296-1987s cluding all nonrepetitive transient voltages. report The data objects/elements sent to a master device from (IA/ED) 223- 1966w, [62], [46), [12) slave devices. Used only in connection with slave devices. A repetitive peak ON-st ate c urre nt (semiconductor) The peak slave device may parse requests for objects that it cannot gen- value of the ON-state current including all repetitive transient erate or report. (PE/SUB J 1379- 1997 currents. (IAJ [12) report-by-exception The reponing of data (e.g., from RTU to repetitive peak reverse current (semiconduct or) The maxi- master station) only when the data either changes state (e.g., mum instantaneous value of the reverse current that results for a status or digital input point) or exceeds a predefined from the application of repetitive peak reverse voltage. deadband (e .g., for an analog input point). (IA) [12) (SUB/PE) C3 7.1-1994 repetitive p eak r everse voltage (1) (se miconductor rectifiers) Report Generation Language A problem-oriented language The maximum instantaneous value of the reverse voltage, designed for file processing and repon creation. including all repetitive transient voltages but excluding all (C) 610.13-I993w nonrepetitive transient voltages, that occurs across a semi- reporting period A period assumed to be one year unless other- conductor rectifier cell, rectifier diode, or rectifier stack. See wise stated. (PE{f&D) 1366- 1998 also: semiconductor rectifier stack; principal voltage-current reporting period time The duration of the reporting period characteristic; rectification. (equals service time plus outage time). (IA/ED) 59- 1962w, [12), [62), [46) . 223-1966w (PE/PSEJ 859-l 987w (2) (reYerse-blocking thyris tor) The maximum instanta- r e port stan d ard A srandard that describes the characteristics of neous value of the reverse voltage which occurs across the describing results of engineering and management activities. thyristor, including all repetitive transient voltages, but ex- (CJ 610. 12-1990 cluding all non-re petitive transient voltages. (IA) [ 12] report writer (1) A quer y language that can produce frnmatted repetitive peak r everse-voltage rating (rectifier circuit ele- reports using data from a database or other files. ment) The maximum val ue of repetitive peak reverse voltage (C) 610.5- 1990w pem1itted by the manufacturer under stated conditions. See (2) A software tool or programming language used specifi- also: average forward current rating. cally for generating reports. (CJ 6 10. 13- 1993w ~ (lA) 59- 1962w, [62). [12) r epository (A) A collection of all software-related artifacts repetitive s urge and follow-current wit hstand The number of (e.g., the software engineering environment) belonging to a surges of specified voltage and cmTent amplitudes and wav- eshapes that may be applied to a device without causing deg- system. (B) The location/format in wh ich such a collection is stored. (C/SE) 1219- 1998 ., radation beyond specified limits. The repetitive surge and fol - 1·epository of last resort In a hierarchical memory (or cache- low-current withstand ratings apply to a device connected to based) e nvironment. a storage location that "owns" the only, an ac line of specifi ed characteristics and to pulses applied at or last remaining, copy of sharable data. Note: It may be a specified rates and phase angles. The effects of any cumula- unique source, an ultimate destination, or simply a "safe" re- l tive heating that may occur are included. pository of data that may not be invalidated, unless action is (SPD/PEJ C62.62-1000 taken to preserve a copy of that data at some higher level in 1 replaceable unit A collection of one or more parts considered the memory (or cache) hierarchy. In a cache-only Futurebus + i as a single prut for the purposes of replacement and repair system (e.g ., one where even the main DRAM storage is also due to physical constraints of the unit under test (UUT). designed as a hardware cache), the re pository of last resort (ATLAS) 1232-1995 begins life as rhe binding of an address to a physical location replaceme nt part A part for use in place of an existing com- in one of the caches, along with the creation of the data by ponent of switching equipment. (SWG/PE) C37 .30- 1971s initialization. a copy from some higher level in the memory hierarchy, or by its arrival from some I/ 0 device. This data replay See: reversible execution. may migrate around the system. and be owned by different replicate One of multiple aliquants of a sample. caches at different rimes, provided no less than one copy of (NIJ N42.23- I 995 that data is maintained somewhere. A repository of last resort replica temperature r elay A thermal relay whose inte rnal tem- may end its life by an explicit instruction to "destroy" the perature rise is proportional to that of the protected apparatus data by migration to a higher level in the memory (or cache or conductor, over a range of values and durations of over- hierarchy), or by transfer of ownership tluough some 1/0 de- loads. (SWG/PE) C37. J00-1992 vice to another system, storage device, or display. replication (l J (A) Theoretically, repetition of an experiment in (C/BA) 10857-1994 exact detail. (B) Obtaining similar results from similar ex- r epresentation (1) A likeness, picture. drawing, block diagram, periments. (T&D/PE) 539- 1990 description, or symbol that logically prn1rays a physical, r epresentational model 966 requester operational, or conceptual image or ' nuattl'll. short-ci rcuiting device that operates at a predetem1ined speed 1CISE! !::'.~~-1 998 of rotation to convert the motor into the equivalent of a squir- (2) One or more properties used by an a!l!orith;n lo::h·~ re- rel-cage motor for running operation. For starting operation, alization of a responsibility. · C/SE) I.~:::ti.::'- 1998 this motor pe1forrns as a repulsion motor. See also: asyn- representational model See: descriptive moacl. chronous machine. <PE) [9] representation property A property on which an algorithm request (1) Transaction that is genera1ed by a requester, to ini- operates. (C/SE} 1320.2-1998 tiate an action on a responder. For a processor-to-memory representation standa rd A standard that describes the char- read transaction, for example, the request transfers the mem- acteristics of portraying aspects of an engineering or man- ory address and command from the processor to memory. In agement product. (C) 6 10.12-1 990 the case of a split transaction. the request would be a separate bus transaction. ln the case of a connected transaction, the representative sample (nuclear power generating station) request would be the connection phase of a bus transaction. Production/prototype equ ipment used in a qualification pro- (C/BA) 896.3- 1993w gram that is equivalent to that for which qualification is (2) (local ar ea networks) (Request_Nonnal, Request- High) soughc in terms of design, funccion, materials, and manufac- A link control signal indicating thai a lower entity has traffic turing techniques and processes. pending for the network. (C) 8802- 12-1998 (SWG/PE/NP) 649-1980s, C37.I00-1992 (3) A command, generated by a requester, to initiate an action reproduce See: duplicate. on a responder. For a processor-to-memory read transaction, r eproducibility (1) The ability of a system or element to main- for example, the request transfers the memory address and tain its output/input precision over a relatively long period of command from the processor to memory. In the case of a split time. See also: precision; accuracy. (IA) [61) transaction, the request would be a separate bus transaction. (2) (transmission lines and waveguides) The degree to In the case of a connected transaction, the request would be which a given set of conditions or observations, using differ- the connection phase of a bus transaction. ent components or instruments each time, can be reproduced. (CIBA) 10857-1994, 896.4-1993w, 10 14. l-! 994w See also: measurement system. (IM/HFIM) [40] (4) A subaction with a transaction code and optional data sent (3) (automatic null-balancing electric instrument) The by a node (the requester) to another node (the responder). closeness of agreement among repeated measurements by the (C/MM) 1394- 1995 instrument for the same value of input made under the same (5) A message sent from one object (the sender) to an other operating conditions, over a long period of time, approaching object (the receiver), directing the receiver to fu lfill one of its from either direction. No1es: I. Jt is expressed as a maximum responsibilities. Specifically, a request may be for the value nonreproducibility in percent of span for a specified time. of an attribute, for the value of a pru1icipant property, for the 2. Reproducibility includes drift, repeatability, and dead band. application of an operation, or for the truth of a constraint. See also: measurement system. (EEC/EM!) [ 112) Request also encompasses sentences of such requests. Logical (4) (radiation protection) (precision) The degree of agree- sentences about the property val ues and constraints of objects ment of repeated measurements of the same property ex- are used for queries, pre-conditions, post-conditions, and re- pressed quantitatively as the standard deviation computed sponsibility realizations. See also: message. from the results of the series of measurements. (C/SEJ 1320.2- 1998 (NI} N323- l 978r (6) A type of primitive in which one layer entity solicits an- (5) (super visory control, data acquisition, and automatic other layer entity to perfo1m a particular function. control) The measure of agreement among mulciple readings (EMB/MIB) 1073.4. 1-2000 of the output for the same value of input, made under the (7) A primary packet (with optional data) sent by one node's same operating conditions. approaching from either direction, link (the requester) to another node ·s link (the responder). using fu ll-range traverses. (SUB/PE) C37. 1- 1987s (C/MM) 1394a-2000 r e producing punch See: card reproducing punch. (8) See also: transaction initiation. (C/MM) 121 2. 1-1993 reproducing stylus A mechanical element adapted to following request echo The echo packet generated by a responder or agent the modulations of a record groove and transmining the me- when it strips the request send packet. (C/MM) 1596-1992 chanical motion thus derived to the pickup mechanism. See r equest for proposal (RFP) (1) A request fo r services. research, also: phonograph pickup. (SP} [32) or a product prepared by a customer and delivered to pro- r eproductibility See: repeatabiliry. spective developers with the expectation that prospective de- reproduction s peed (facsimile) The area of copy recorded per velopers will respond with their proposed cost, schedule, and unit time. See also: recording. (COM} 168-1 956w development approach. (C/SE) 1362- 1998 r eprogrammable read-only memory (RPROM) See: erasable (2) A document used by the acquirer as a means to announce programmable read-only memory. intention to potential bidders to acquire a specified system or software product (which may be part of a system). r eprographics Automated composition, production, and repro- (C/SE) J 062-1998 duction of printed material. Methods include photocomposi- tion, computer-aided typesening, and offset printing. See requester-capable A term used to describe RamLink slaves that also: office automation. (C} 6 10.2-1987 behave as DMA masters in the sense that they generate re- repulsion-induction motor A motor with repulsion-motor quest packets and receive response packets. The delivery of windings and short-circuited brushes, without an additional these request and response packets is done by the controller. device for short-circuiting the commutator segments, and (C/MM} 1596.4-1996 with a squirrel-cage winding in the rotor in addition to the requested batch service A service that is either rejected or per- repulsion motor winding. (PE) [9) formed prior to a response from the service to the requester. repulsion motor A single-phase motor that has a stator winding (C/PA} 1003 .2d-1994 a1Tanged for connection to a source of power and a rotor requester (1) (VSB) A fu nctional module that resides on the winding connected 10 a commutator. Brushes on the com- same board as a master and requests use of the DTB whenever mutator are short-circuited and are so placed that the magnetic its master needs it. When implementing serial arbitration, af- axis of the rotor winding is inclined to the magnetic axis of ter requesting use of the DTB. the requester waits for the bus 1he stator winding. This type of motor has a varying-speed to be granted to it by the arbiter. In the parallel arbitration characteristic. See also: asynchronous machine. (PE) [9] method, the requester that is associated with the active master r epulsion-start induction motor A single-phase motor with re- initiates an arbitration cycle. T his arbitration cycle is used to pulsion-motor windings and brushes, having a commutator- determine which master will be granted use of the DTB. The