Match Group, LLC v. Bumble Trading Inc.

Western District of Texas, txwd-6:2018-cv-00080

Exhibit 9

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EXHIBIT 9 Merriam- Webster's Collegiate® Dictionary ELEVENTH EDITION Merriam-Webster, Incorporated Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A. A GENUINE MERRIAM-WEBSTER The name Webster alone is no guarantee of excellence. It is used by a number of publishers and may serve mainly to mislead an unwary buyer. Merriam-WebsterTM is the name you should look for when you consider the purchase of dictionaries or other fine reference books. It carries the reputation of a company that has been publishing since 1831 and is your assurance of quality and authority. Copyright© 2012 by Merriam-Webster, Incorporated Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary. - Eleventh ed. p. cm. Includes index. ISBN 978-0-87779-807-1 (Laminated unindexed: alk. paper) ISBN 978-0-87779-808-8 (Jacketed hardcover unindexed: alk. paper) ISBN 978-0-87779-809-5 (Jacketed hardcover with digital download: alk. paper) ISBN 978-0-87779-810-1 (Leatherlook with digital download: alk. paper) ISBN 978-0-87779-813-2 (Canadian) ISBN 978-0-87779-814-9 (International) 1. English language-Dictionaries. I. Title: Collegiate dictionary. II. Merriam- Webster, Inc. PE1628.M36 2003 423-dc21 2003003674 CIP I"',~::) iH'';»~ COLLEGIATE is a registered trademark of Merriam-Webster, Incorporated All rights reserved. No part of this book covered by the copyrights hereon may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means-graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, taping, or information storage and retrieval systems-without written permission of the publisher. Made in the United States of America 16th Printing Quad Graphics Versailles KY January 2012 alligatorcFp' _..>:~ali-purpose 33 da-,'also,a-7a-!la.pa the\ n (IS~`J alligator clip n {ca. 1941).: a springdoaded clip that has jaws resem- al•lo•saur \'a=1a=,sor\n (ca..1934):any.of a'faimly'(Allosauridae)'of f one plant species byanofhen due bling an alligator'sand isused for making temporary electrical connec-:large theropod dinosaurs usu. having three clawed digits~on each arm _, and leg and lining from:the late Juiassic to ih'e'eazly Cretaceous period; al.ledo Path•ic \a-~le-la-.Pa-thik tions eSp: ALLOSAURUS -~ ~ 011igator pear n [by folk etymology fr. Sp aguacate — 'more at_ ai•lo~sau• rus \~a-la-'sor-as\-n [NL, fr. E,k.al[-4 sauros lizard]{1886)` fr. LL,~fr: Gk allelouia,-.fr: kieb .AVOCADO](1763):AVOCADO ~' - ~ ~ '~ -" snapping turtle n (1882) c aturtle (Macroclemys temminckii) -a'any of a genus (Allosaurus) of very:laige camivoYous No. American HALLEliUJAH '~~ alligator theropod dinosaurs of the 1'at0 Jurassic period mind, 1a & Z also,a ]a-'\ n;'often of southeastern U.S. rivers that may reach nearly 150 pounds (68;kilo- also \,a-lo ster ik; 'stir-\'gdj`[al[ 4~sfertc}(1962) .c of relating grams)in weight and 31 inches (79 centimeters) in length-= balled al•laste nc n](1685). ~ 1`:'a'musicat composi- to, undergoingror be~rig a`cNange in the shape antl activity of a profen uite)in'moderate tempo and duple alligator snapper ">: or results from combination with another substance alf-im•por Sant \;ol ~m 'por-t'nt, -tant\_adj {d787) of."very. great (as an eniyme) that d 18th century court dance devel- aea point other than the chemically active sift ~ ai•la'S4e ri•cal:ly dance b: a dance step wifh ar^is ~.greatestimportance~as~.question) ..~ ablo•ste•ry \'a-10-,ster-e, -,stir-\ n all-irr4o1-'In\,adj.(18 90)!:_Qchie/IyBntt v.[,.ixei;usrvt 2zhieJlyBrif \-i-k(a-)le\ adv = • being almost without restrictions (~:wrestling~, aF•lot-\a-'lat\ vt al•Iotded5 al•lotdirrg [ME ttlotten, fr.'~ aloter fr:'a- j(ca: 1649):,'cotirLaTE swHHv- ! (fr. I: ad-)+lot;of Gincong~n; akin'to OE blot lotj QSc),'~ -7 to assign all:in ad1`.(1903):'nxaq; Exr[nUsrEn <after a,day of wood-splittinB.he was al[ in) -:~_, 'as a share ocpoY`fion (x`30 minutes for the'speech)„2:to d~sfribute nufacturing Co.;;I'Iartford, Co*sn.] ac{j (1850) s inciudingeverythxog~ (a by or` as ~f b~% lot'(leafs "to the press) al•lot•ter n ':at bar wither erid of which fits ifi'e all-in•clu•sive \,ol-in klu-s;Y; zrv~ broader and more nearly %view> —all in•clu•sive•ness n alliterg- al•lo~te tra~ploid ~,a 10'te=tra,p18id~ n (1930)': nmtrHTv~Lo~n — a1- a Glit•er•ate ~a-7i-ta- rat\ vb,-at.ed, at,ing.[back-formatio n>fr lo~(e•fra plo~~dy \ plc -deb n f -genL(1910) a substance(as}y.i1= tion] yi(1776): 1 to form:an alliteration 2;; to:write or gpeakalliter-' aldot~ment \a.'lat,~mant\ n,(1574j 1;the act of allotting;,.grPy~t'rtoN-,en•ic \,a-lar-~~e-riik\ act. .alder- ~, ~ atively ~ vt:to arrange or paaee so as to make alliteration <~ sylla- tNsrrl'` 2:"something that is allotted; esp. chieJly,Bnt a plof ofland7et 1 bles in a sentenee~ to an individual,for cultivation. of, relating to; affected with: or al•lit•er•a•tion \a;li-ta'ra-shan\ n [ad,+;L kttera letter (ca `y1624) the al•lo•trope~\'a-la- trope h [ISV back-formation fr allot'rop'y](1876): a scion <~ to work) repetition of usu. initial consonantsounds ~n t' wo or.mo;e neAghboring fo~rn.5hovnngiallotropy::';ausedby~exposure to an aller~ci~; . words.oz syllables:(as wild and woglly; threatening throngs), —called al•lot•ro•py \a'la tra-pe\'ii;pl -pies(1850)':' th'eexistence' of'a sub- 2 aiso head rhy»ie, initialrhyme. stance and ese,,an element m two.or more.different forms(as of crys- ecialist in allergy al•liber•ad~ve \a-'li-tar-a-tiv, -ta-,ra-tivt ar~j (1764).. of relating to, or tals) usu. in`tHe same phase — af•lo~t~op ~e \;a-~a '4ra-pike ac;j Rergie,:fr;all- + G~ erga~t work ^- marked by alliteration — aldit er active lY adv bodily,rcactivity (as hYPersen$i~~y~- al•li•urrS \ a-le-am\ n [NL; genus name, fr L gazlic] p59'n:any ofa st exposure ~a;bee venom so ~Ce- large genus (Allium) of bulbous herbs.of the lily family ~ncludmg the:(184fi) one to whom an allotment is made 1~ 2 r exaggerated,or pat}~oingtcal p,onion garlic;chive, leek; aud;stia(lot -., .. ~ ~ -. n.(1960) ..an 111oanbgen.that is patf of a.plasm zing difficult brea~hmg ~tchipg, or y ll-night \ o] mt\ add (1886)'; 1 lasf9ng throughout the night <an~ 9 a ~s or physical states that are-with- poker game] 2: open throughout the night <an,-~ diner) . ge,~ndiyi¢ual 3.:_medwal practice all-night•er \'ol-'n7-tar\ n (1964)..something that;last~ all night sped)' _efPOtt THOR- ng of antipathy or aversron ~ • an all-night study'session •rethrinl (1950): a IiBht yellow vLs r ~, oi enthusiasm: vnth maci- a llo-=.seewtt,- all- Out kdv (1895): ivi'th'full deteYinination- ticide Cly~i2on~ «led esp m house !~ al lo•andi•bodY \,a loan=ti-;ba de\ n (1964) c an;. antibody, produced mum effort —used chiefly ~n the phrase go all,oz~t,.; ' .. i '. Fa introduction of an alloantig8n into the sy"stem' of as ~ndividu- o=var\ adj (1996) Goyering the whole extent or surface.<a;a following ~ali~over \'ol -at•ing.[LL-.allevialus .PP>~9f.;81fe- i a] ofa species I~cking that'particular:antigen, swelter with'an~~%pattern) `' ' at LIGHT]:(15C)'~:.RELIEVE;`LE$SEN:' al•lo~andi•~en \,a-lo-'an-ti-jan\ n (19b4): an antigen piesent only' in Zallover n (1838)' 1:an'embroidered; prin4ed;or ]ace fabric with a de- bearable (her sympathy-alleviated some-individuals(as of.a particular blood,group)of a species;and capa- sign covering, mostof thg,surface;,~2 a.pattern or desigrz m which,a e:orcorrect (measures:takento ble of inducing .. the,..production i. . of am alloantibody ... ~.6y ~ndividisals-~- wfiich - single unit is iepeated so as to cover an enxire`surface,;~ . . — al•le•vi•a•tion-\,le ve 'a=shah\' lack it ' Bali over adv(1'~c) 1; over`the wfiole extent'<decorated. all over w fh'a ?alee, fc aler to go]}.(14c) 1:.,:a gaz-„ ai.lo•ca•61e \ a la-ka bal\ adj"(1916):sayable of being al•lo•cafe \ a-la,kat\ vt -cat+ed, caf•ing [MI; allocatus, pp. of'allo- allocated at s'rnc:[.},(ca. flower'pattern~: 2„rvsx~sxE;<lo0k€8 all;over for the book)., 3 • in every respect:'rxoxov~xLS'. Eshe is her nbtheF al{(overt '• or. bushes • 2 a.(1:): a grassed en-' care, fr. L ad- + locare to place, fr. locus place =.more Zall over prep'(1912) 1 • in eagerly',affectionafe;`attentive;or aggressive a hardwood`lane for'bowl3ng;also .1641) 1:: to apportion for a specific pilrpose or to particular persons pursuit of <the band's fans were all'over,t}iem~, 2: in'or into a state up of such lanes;:b;~ 2he space'on or things ~ nisTainuTs <^-;tasks amo~ig human and automated com- mazked by all-out criticism of <thg'press`ivas all over;;he,coach'aft'er. ~etweeri the sidelin'erand the service nonents> 2< fo set'anart'or;earmark;'nEsicrrn~ <-~ a section'of-the the loss) 1 outfield.befWeen two outfielders allow ~a-'lau\ vb [MF.. fr. AF aluer, alou'er to place apportion allow;fr: 3: a- nazrow`street esp: a thor cation ~ a la 'ka-shan\ n ~- al Io~caQor \ a la'-,ka tar\ n' MF allocare — m~,rc at;Fv.Locn'ral,v.!(14c) 1,- a: to,assign as a scare Pock giving access ED the rear- of lots ~,a-to-'kyu shah\ n [L:allocunon allocuno Fr. alloqui tb or §uitableamount (aso~ time or money). <^- an hou~;for lunch'~`_b lso down_one`s'alley bsuited:to ad-+ loqui to speak](1615]:a formal speech; esp an au- to reckon as a dedpction or an addition <~- a gallon for leakage;' 2 r~hortatory address ~ `~~ ~ ~ - a chiefly Southern &Midland: to be of the opinion-: xxtrr~c, b;dial i alter.'fr. alabasterl(1720):a play- 29): Fur.1x (she's all of20 years'old) spX; STn1'E c.;;to express an opinion usu'used witfias how or'thdt ialit7+ - .... .. as \a-'la-ga-inns\ add (ca:; 1890)`: reproduci~~g by c~ oss= 3 c{iie/ly Southern & Mldlpgd INTEND PLAN ~ 4: ADMIT CONCBD~ — al•log:a•my t-me\ n <must ~ thatrmon@y..causes problems m marriage); 5..a rERM1T al[ez-cop, dry o8>a(clrcus~ acrobat c \;a-lo-ta-'ne-ik\ also al•fo 9en•i~ \-)e-nik\'adj tall-'~+ (doesn't ~- people to smoke ~n. his Homey b:to forbearor rieg(ect fo:cs. pl: imper, of alley to go +'E'-cop, -geneic(as in syngerieic)](1961).involving, derived.trom; or tieing-i;iUi- restrain orprevent <~ thedog,to,roam)~+4''1 'to'make a.possibil- tball play iu-which a leaping player victuals of the sarrie~species that are~sufficientlyunlike genetically So in- ity: nDiYi7' —used with.of <evidence.that ~-s of only oneconclusion) id 9m4nediately dunks the bald;~a1so teract antigenically <~skimgrafts~ =compare sYrtcExsic 2:to> give consideration to circumstances or contingencie$ .,used uch a play;-; al•lo•graft \'a-la-,graft\ n (1961): a homograft between atlogeneicindi- withfor-<~.forexpattsion) ~ '; a narrow passageway 2:ALLEY'3 viduals =.allograft vt allow•able \a-9au-a-bal\ adj(1$c):,Pa~tcSSlsLs(-~ income ta~C de- hell-Jared damned,fr. hel(JIrej,(1837) al.lo•graph \'a-la=;graft n (1951) 1. a letterof an alphabet in a panto- ductions) — al•low•ably \-ble\ adv ubbo"rnj ., .,. ular shape (as A os~a) 2:a letter orcombination of letters that is one ~al•low•ance \a-'lau-an(t)s\ n (14c),. 1 a;, a share or portion allotted or OLS' DAY' . '~.; of several ways of~Tepre"renting. one phoneme (as pp in -hopping repre- granted b: a sum granted as a reimbursement or bounty or for_ ez= gs of a'quadruped ' b the two legs renting the phoneme \pU — at:lo•graph•iC \,a•la-'gra-fik\ adj. penses <salary includes cost of-living ~~,esp: a sum regularly pro'vid- al•lom~e•try ~a='la-ma-tre\ m (1936):relative g~dwth' of a part in rela- ed for personal or hou"sehold,expenses (each; child has an ~ c: a:d to support the body <dowri'on all Sous card gariies Sri which points'are tion to an•en2~re organism oc to a standaidyn/so 'the measure and fixed or available amount(proyde an ~- o~ timefot recreauon~ d`:,a np,~jack~oEtnimps,"and game.'' study of such growth — al•lo•meRric \ia=1a-'me-trik\ adj; reduction from a list price or'stafed.price <a trade-in ~~ 2 aniri~- 1879j:_q the utmost eonceivatile de= al•lo•moCPh \'al-a`,mdrf~ n [a[[o-:+more/teme](1945):one of acct of forms that a morpheme.may'take in:different contexts <the -s of cats, -. . ~ ywa ~~ v .au., - -........ ....v..... ..a>a. Seest something superlative .(is busy the -en of oxen; and the zero suffix of sheep are ~s of the English plu- lo•mor- Mrs§Sox 5: a faking into account"of m~t~gafing circumstances or con- ral morphemey — al•lo•mor phis \,a-la 'mor-fik~ a~j' — al fingencies <fhe plan,makes no ~ fob bad weathers `" Bess "gcaetCng welcome, of a~clan%a- Phism \'a-la-;mbr-,fi-zam\ n Zallowance vt:-ance~l; -ane•ing (1758) 1 a'rctidic,: to puton a fixed ai-. al•longe \a-'lo"zh\ n [F, lit., lengthening](ca. 1859). xinsx 2a ~~` lowance (as of. food and drink) 2 archaic .,to supply in a fixed ocreg- ~1 Alihallowa [shgrYforAiltlalYows' al•lo•path.ic \,a-la-'pa-thik\ ac~j[G allopaasch, fr. Allopdthie an ~allo- ular~quantity '.' . .' .. me <stayed up until al[ hour.'s)` ' . paffiic system of medicine, fr: allo- aI1- +::pathie -pathy7(1830):relae- al•low~ed•ly \a-'lau-ad-1e\ adv (1602]: by 211owanca:nntvtiTTEv~,Y,, a ing to or being a system of medicine that aims to combat disease by us- aldowan \a 'lak-can\ n [G, f;;.Allantoin +, Ozalsaur~ oxalic acid + -kn) e lltum garHc]'.(1792): reseritbligg,,. ing remedies (as drugs or surgery)which produce effects tHat'are:dif- (1853)-. a"crystalline compound C4HZNi0a, causing diabetes mellitus ferent from or.incompatible with.those of the disease being.treated- when~nject intoed experimeptal.animals ~: the state of tieing willed, '~t}ie:ao- ~ectlon between_ families, states„par- al.lo•pat•rie \,a-la-'pa-trik\ adj tall- + Gk patro fatherland; fr::pater.fa- ~al~loy'~'a-,lot also a-'Ibi\ n jF aloi, fr:OF a[ei, fr. aleir tocombine fr: L ther —more at FnT[~x](1942):.occurring in different geographical alligare to bind,— mope at,niLY]j1604)' 1.: the degree of'm Luce:weengovernriient and indugtry~ . 2 areas or in isolation <~.sp$¢iation~--CompaLe SXMPwTRIG aGlo- with base metals:FIDrENass 2:a substance composed of tWo or'more mon interbsts o£She members;'syecif reaty 3 !: union. by relatiopsfiip;.iri Pat•ci•cal•Iy \-tri-k(a-)]e\ adv --.aLlop•a•try \a-'1~=pa-ire\ n ` metals or of,a metal and a nonmetal intimately united.usu.. by being al.lo.phane \'a-la-,fan\ n'[Gk allophanes appearing otherwise fr al[-~+ fused together agd dissolving, in.each other -when molten, also,:- the ~f w]]]anes;enus name of garlid, fc L, ga;Hc);+ nhainesthai to appear; middle voice of phainein to show =more at state'of union ofthe,components .3 a:an"admixture that lessens val-:nt compound,C6H~oOS2 formed en- FgNCY](ca. 1821):an amorphous translucent mineral of various-col- ue 6: ari impairing.alien element' 4;; acompound;mixCure,'or union s that Imparts the distinctive smell fo ors often-occurring in•incrustations:or stalactite forms and consisting of different things <an ethnic ~"ofinany peoples) 5 archaic:: a metal properties -- of a hydrous aluminum silicate ` mixed with amore Saluable metal to give durability or some other de- al.lo•phone \'a-1a-,fon\ n (allo- +phone](1938):one of two or more sired quality having or:being 3n close association variants of the same phoneme <the aspirated \p\ of pin and the unaspi- 28Li0y \2-~IOi QISO ~8-~~OI\Yt (1661 ~'I 8: TEMPER, hfonsttwTs~..b..S~fo m~'r~aee) 2; Joined in alliance by rated \p\ of spin are ~s of the phoneme \p\1 —al•lo•phon•ie \,a-1a- impair or debase.by admixture 2: to reduce the purity of by mixing >f or relating to the nations united vi: to ~'~'orld War. I or those united against with a less valuable metaY 3:fo mix so as t6;form an alloy a~•lo•polyploid \,a-10-'pa-1i-,ploid\ n (1928): a polyploid individual or lend Itself to being alloyed <iron -r%s:well) a;related esp:by;common proper- strain having a chromosome ser composed of two or more chromo- ubJects~ b;related genetically all-poW~er• ful'j'ol-!pan(-a)r-fa]\;ki~j (166'n;having complete or `sole some sets derived more or.less complete from different species — al- power (an ~ leaders `" ~opOlyplOid adj — ablo•pOly.plObdy \- pldi-de\n all-pu~•pose \-'par-pas\-act(1928):-suited foir many purposes,or use;, he a ~•lo•pu•rLnoi \,a-10-'pyu~-a-,nol; -;nol\ n td1l-+purine +'-on (1964): a tus,rfr, L lacernrs, facerta (fmorclat drug CsH4N40 used to promote excretion ofudc acid a~~-or-none \,ol-ar-~nan\ adj(1900}: marked eith"en by entire orcom- \a\ abut \'\ kitten, F table \ar\ further \a\ ash .\a\ ace \a\ mop, mer Acslnensissof Chlina)havingtbrosd ~d a special pocket in the upper)aw, Alete operation or effect or by none at all <~ response of a nerve cell \au\ out \ch\'chin ' \e\ bet \e\ easy fig\ go ~i\ hit:: \i1 ice ~\job R all-or_noth•ing \-~~a-LhiiJ\ CiC(f (I7GS) 1:ALL-OR-NONE Z a: ac- r fourth tooth b::cRoeoniLiwx 2 \p\ sing \o\ 80 ~o\ law poi\ boy \th\ thin ~j1\ the .\u~ loot \u\.foot. cepting no less than everything'<he's an .~ perfectionist). b:risking everything <an ~- combat strategy ~ - - \y\ yet \zh\ vision, beige ~k, ", oe, ie,:}1see Guide to Pronunciation 984 presumptively • previous to Case 6:18-cv-00080-ADA Document 76-11 forming a particular structure or tissue in the normal course of devel- Filed 04/26/19 Page 6 of 6 OEpraettig tricky, fr.praett trick; akin to ONprettr trick] (bef. 12c) 1a opment<- retina> - pre,sump,tive,ly adv·: ARTFUL, CLEVER b: PAT, APT 2 a: pleasing by delicacy or grace pre,sump,tu,ous \pri-'zom(p)-cha-was, -chas, -shas\ adj [ME, fr. AF b: having conventionally accepted eleme11ts of beauty c: appearing presumptious, fr. LL praesumptuosus, irreg. fr. praesumptio] (14c) or sounding pleasant or nice but lacking strength, force, manliness: overstepping due bounds (as of propriety or courtesy): taking liber- purpose, or i11tensity <- words that make no sense -Elizabeth B'. ties - pre,sump,tu,ous,ly adv - pre,sump,tu,ous,ness n Browning) 3 a: MISERABLE, TERRIBLE (a .-- mess you've gotten us pre,sup,pose \,pre-sa-'poz\ vt [ME, fr. MF presupposer, fr. ML prae- into> b chiefly Scot: STOUT 4: moderately large: CONSIDERABLE <a supponere (perf. indic. praesupposui), fr. L prae- + ML supponere to very - profit> (cost a - penny> 5: easy to enjoy: PLEASANT - suppose - more at SUPPOSE] (15c) 1: to suppose beforehand 2: to usu. used in negative co11structions (reality is not so - -Caleb Sol- require as an antecedent in logic or fact - pre,sup,po,si,tion \(,)pre- omon> syn see BEAUTIFUL - preMi,ly \-ta-le\ adv - pret,ty,ish,sa-pa-'zi-shan\ n - pre,sup,po,si-tion,al \-'zish-nal, -'zi-sha-n•l\ adj \.te-ish\ adj 2 pre,syn,ap,tic \,pre-sa-'nap-tik\ adj (1937): of, occurring in, or being pret,ty \'pri-te, 'par- also 'pri,-; before "11ear(ly)" often 'part or 'prit or a neuron by which a nerve impulse is conveyed to a synapse (a,......, 'prilt\ adv (1565) 1 a: in some degree: MODERATELY<- cold weath- membrane> (a - neuron> - pre,syn,ap,ti,cal,ly \-ti-k(a-)le\ adv. er> b: QUITE, MAINLY (the wou11d was ... - bad -Walt Whitman> pret-a-por,ter or. pret-a-por-ter \,pret-li-p6r-'ta\n [F, ready to wear] 2: in a pretty manner: PRETTILY <pop vocalists who can .sing - (1959): ready-to-wear clothes -Gerald Levitch>- pretty much: MAINLY, LARGELY 1 pre,teen \'pre-'ten, -,ten\ n (1952) .: a boy or girl not yet l3 years old usage Some handbooks say that pretty is overworked and rec.ommend 2 preteen adj (1954) 1: relating to or produced for children esp. in the using a more specific word or restricting pretty to informal or collo- 9 to 12 year-old age groµp <- fashions> 2: being younger than 13 quial contexts. Pretty is used to tone down a statement a11d is in wide pre,te.en-ag,er \(,)pre-'te-na-jar\ n (1965): PRETEEN. . use in all forms of E11glish. It is common in informal speech,wd writ- 1 pre,tend \pri-'tend\ vb [ME, fr. AF pretendre, fr. Lpraetendere to allege ing but is neither rare nor wrong in serious discourse <he may, if.he be as,an e)fcuse, lit., to stretch out, fr. prae- pre- + tendere to stre.tch - pretty well off or clever, qualify himself as a doctor-G. B. Shaw> <a more at THIN] w (15c) 1: to give a false appearance of being, possess- return to those traditions of American foreign policy which worked ing, or performing <does not - to be a psychiatrist> 2 a: to make be- pretty well for over a ce11tury -H. S. Commager> <the arguments for lieve: FEIGN <he -ed deafness> b: to claim, represent, or as'sert buying expensive books. have to be pretty cogent -Times Lit. Supp.). 3 pret,ty \'pri-te, 'par- a/sp 'pril-\ n, pl pretties (1736) 1 p/: dainty falsely <-ing an emotion he could not really feel) 3 archaic: VEN- TURE, UNDERTAKE,..._. vi 1: to feign an action, part, or role esp. in clothes; esp: LINGERIE 2: a pretty perso11 or thing 4 pret,ty \same as 3\ vt preMied; pret,ty,ing (1909): to make pretty - play 2: to put in a claim <cannot - to any particular expertise -Clive Barnes> syn see ASSUME usu. used with up (curtains to - up the room> 2 pretty boy n (1885): a ma11 who is notably good-looking; also: DANDY pretend adj (1911) 1: IMAGINARY, MAKE-BELIEVE <had a - pal with whom he talked> 2: not genuine: MOCK <- pearls> 3: being a 1 nonfunctional imitation <a - train for the children to play in) .. pret,zel \'pret-sal\ n [G Breze/, ultim. fr. L brachiattls having branches pre,tend,ed \pri-'ten-dad\ atij (15c): professed or avowed but not gen- like arms, fr. brachium arm - more at BRACE] (ca. 1838): a brittle or uine<- affection> - pre,tend,ed•IY adv chewy glazed usu. salted slender bread ofte11 shaped like a loose knot pre,tend,er \pri-'teri-dar\ n (1609): one that pretends: as a: orie who prev abbr previous; previously lays claim to something; specif: a claimant to a throne who is held.to pre,vail \pri-'val\ vi [ME, fr. L praevalere, fr. prae- pre- + valere to be have no Just title b: one who makes a false or hypocritical show stro11g - more at WIELD] (15c) 1: to gain ascenda11cy through pre,tense or pre,tence \'pre-,ten(t)s, pri-'\ n [ME, prob. modif. of ML strength or superiority: TRIUMPH 2: to be or become effective or ef, pretensio, irreg. fr. L praetendere] (15c) 1; a claim made or implied; fectual 3: to use persuasion successfully <-ed on him to sing> 4 esp: one not supported by fact 2 a: mere ostentatio11: PRETEN-: to be frequent: PREDOMINATE <the west winds that - i11 the. moun- TIOUSNESS <confuse dignity with pomposity and - -Bennett Cerf) tains> 5: to be or co11tinue in use or fashion: PERSIST (a custom that b: a pretentious act or assertion 3: an inadequate or insincere at~ still-s> tempt to attai11 a certain conditio11 or quality .4: professed rather than prev,a,Jence \'pre-va-lan(t)s, 'prev-lan(t)s\ n (1713) 1: the quality or real intention or purpose: PRETEXT (was there under false -s> 5 state of being prevalent 2: the degree to which something is preva-: MAKE-BELIEVE, FICTION 6: false show: SIMULATION <saw through le11t; esp: the percentage of a population that is affected with a partic- his - of indifference> ular disease at a given time 1 prev,a,lent \-Jant\ adj [Lpraeva/ent-, praevalens very powerful, fr. prp. pre,ten,sion \pri-'te11(t)-sha11\ 11 (15c) 1: an allegation of doubtful value: PRETEXT · 2: a claim or a11 effort to establish a claim 3: a,of praevalere] (1576) 1 archaic: POWERFUL 2: bei11g in ascendancy claim or right to attention or honor because of merit 4: ah aspiratio11: DOMINANT 3: generally or widely accepted, practiced, or favored or inte11tion that may or may not reach fulfillment <has serious literary: WIDESPREAD - prevalent n - prev,a,lenMy adv -s> 5: VANITY, PRETENTIOUSNESS syn see AMBITION - pre,ten- pre,var,i,cate \pri-'ver-a-,kat, -'va-ra-\ vi -cat,ed; -cat-Ing [L prae· slon,less \-las\ adj varicatus, pp. of praevaricari to act i11 collusion, lit., to straddle, fr. 2 pre,ten,sion \ 1pre-'ten(t)-sha11\ vt [pre- + 'tension] (1937): PRESTRESS prae- + varicare to straddle, fr. varus bowlegged] (ca. 1631): to deviate pre,ten,tious \pri-'ten(t)-shas\ adj [F pretentieux, fr. prete11tio11 preten- from the truth: EQUIVOCATE syn see LIE - pre,var,i,ca,tion \-,ver- sion, fr. MLpretention-, pretentio, fr. Lpraetendere] (1832) 1: charac-:}-1k8.-shgn, -'va-ra-\ n - pre•var•i•Ca•tor \-'ver-a-1ka-far 1 -•va-rn-\ n terized by pretension: as a: making usu. unjustified or excessive pre,ve,nient \pri-'ven-yant\ adj [L praevenient-, praeveniens, prp. of claims (as of value or standing) (the - fraud who assumes a love of praevenire] (ca. 1656): ANTECEDENT, ANTICIPATORY - pre,ve,nlent· culture that is alien to him -Richard Watts> b: expressive of affect-' lyadv ed, unwarranted, or exaggerated importa11ce, worth, or stature <-.Ia11- pre,vent \pri-'vent\ vb [ME, to anticipate, fr. L praeventus, pp. of prae- guage> <- houses> 2: maki11g dema11ds on one's skill, ability, or venire to come before, anticipate, forestall, fr.prae- + venire to come- means: AMBITIOUS <the - daring of the Green Mountain Boys in more at COME] vt (15c) 1 archaic a: to be in readiness for (as an oc· crossing the Jake -Amer. Guide Series: Vt.> syn see SHOWY - pre- casion) b: to meet or satisfy i11 advance c: to act ahead of d: to ten-tious,ly adv - pre,ten,tious,ness 11 go or arrive before 2: to deprive of power or hope of acti11g or su~ 1 pret,er,it or pret,er,ite \'pre-ta-rat\ adj [ME preterit, fr. AF, fr. Lpraet- ceeding 3: to keep from happening or existing <steps to - war> eritus, fr. pp. of praeterire to go by, pass, fr.praeter beyond, past, by (fr.: to hold or keep back: HINDER, STOP - often used with from,..., v1 compar. ofprae before)+ ire to go - more at FOR, ISSUE] (14c) archaic: to i11terpose an obstacle - pre,vent,abil,i,ty \-,ven-ta-1bi-Ja-te\ 11 -: BYGONE, FORMER. . pre,vent,able also pre,vent-ible \-'ven-ta-bal\ adj - pre,vent,er 11 2 preterit or preterite n (14c): PAST TENSE syn PREVENT, ANTICIPATE, FORESTALL mea11 to deal with befo_re· pre,term \(,)pre-'tarm, 'pre-,\ adj (1928): of, relating to, being, or hand. PREVENT implies taking advance measures against somethtn8 brought forth by premature birth (a - infant> <- labor>, possible or probable (measures taken to prevent leaks>. ANTICIPAT~ pre,ter,mi,nal \(,)pre-'tarm-nal, -'tar-ma-\ adj (1947): occurring or be- may imply merely getti11g ahead of another by being a precursor. 0 ing in the period prior to death<- ca111oer> <a - patient>, forerunner or it may imply checki11g another's i11tention by actt~t pre,ter,mis•sion \,pre-tar-'mi-shan\ 11 [L praetermission-, praetermis- first <anticipated the question by making a stateme11t>. FORESti(s sio, fr. praetermittere) (1583): the act or an insta11ce of pretermitti11g implies a getting ahead so as to stop or i11terrupt someth!llg n ..,: OMISSION course <hoped to forestall the sale>. pre,ter,mit \-'mit\ vt -mlt,ted; -miMing [L praetermittere, fr. praeter pre,ven-ta,tlve \-'ven-ta-tiv\ atij or n (ca. 1666): PREVENTIVE ·n· by, past + mittere to let go, send] (1513) 1: to leave undone: NE· pre,ven,tlon \pri-'ven(t)-shan\ n (1582): the act of preventing or ht GLECT 2: to let pass without mention or notice: O;t,!IT 3: to sus- deri11g. . sP 1 pre,ven-tlve \-'ven-tiv\ n (ca. 1639): something that prevents, e,, pe11d indefinitely <the grand jury voted to - the case> pre,ter,nat,u,ral \,pre-tar-'na-cha-ral, -111ach-ral\ atij [ML praeternatu-: something used to prevent disease 2 preventlve adj (ca. 1626): devoted to or concerned with preven~ or ·on ra/is, fr. Cpraeter µaturam beyond nature] (1580) 1: 'existi11g outside of nature .2: exceeding wµat is 11atural ·or regular: EXTRAORDINARY: PRECAUTIONARY <- steps against soil erosion>: as a: designe. u»' (wits trained to - acuteness by the debates -G. L. Dicki11son> 3 servi11g to prevent the occurrence of disease<- medical care> b i,re-: inexplicable by ordinary means; esp: PSYCl!IC <,.;.. phe11ome11a> - dertaken to forestall anticipated hostile action <a - coup) - pre,ter,nat,u,ral,ly \-'na-cha-ra-le, 'riach-ra-, 111a-char-\ adv - pre- ven,tive,ly adv - pre,ven,tive,ness n erb ter,nat,u,ral,ness \-'na-cha-ral-nas, -'nach-ral-\ n pre,ver,bal \(,)pre-•var-bal\ adj (1921) 1: occurring before the v pre,test \'pre-,test\ n (1926): a prelimi11ary test: as a: at.est of the ef- 1 2: having 11ot yet acquired the faculty of speech <a - child> . w or fectiveness or safety of a product prior to its sale b: a test to evaluate pre,vlew \'pre-,vyii\ vt (1607) 1: to see beforehand; specif: tJ"~in. afl'. /"I the preparedness of students for further studies - pre,test \(,)pre- to show in advance of public presentation 2: to give a pre t 'test\ vt. · survey of - pre,vlew,er \-,vyii-ar\ n 2 • Ill' 2 prevlew n (1882) 1: an advance statement, sample, or surveY j 3 pre,text \'pre-,te1>st\ n [L praetextus, fr. praetexere to assign as a pre- text, scree11, extend in front, fr. prae- + .texere to weave - more at adva11ce showing or performance (as of a motion picture or P1~;ivef' TECHNICAL] (1513): a purpose or mo(ive. alleged or an appeaiance as- also pre,vue \- 1vyii\: a showing of clips from a motion picture sumed in order to cloak the real i11tentio11 or state of affairs syn see tlsed for appearance i11 the 11ear future - called also trailer w -t APOLOGY. . pre,vi,ous \'pre-ve-as\ aw [L praevius leading the way, fr. prae~ ~rctel pre,text-lng \ 1pre-,tek-stiJJ\ 11 (1992): the practice of presenti!lg oneself via way - more at WAY] (1625) 1: goi11g before In tim!' 0 5 cen· as someone else in order to obtain private informatio11: PRIOR 2: acting too soon: PREMATURE (somewhat - 1n ~l.ous· pretor, pretorlan var of PRAETOR, PRAETORIAN clusion> syn see PRECEDING - pre,vi,ous,ly adv - pre· preMl,fy \'pri-ta-,fi, 'par-, 1pni-\ vt -fled: -fy,lng (1850): to make pret- nessn ty - preMl,fl,ca,tlon \,pri-ta-fo. -'kii.-s.han,,par-,,pril-\ n - preMl- previous question n (ca. 1715): a parliamentary motio11 fl,er \'pri-ta-,fi(-a)r, 'par-, 1pni-\ n, pending questio11 to an immediate vote without further pret,tl,ness \'pri-te-11as, 'par-, 'pril-\ n (1617) 1: the quality or state ame11dment that If defeated has the effect of permitting of bei11g pretty 2: something pretty debate 1 pret,ty \'pri-te, 'par- also 1pril-\ adj preMl,er; •est [MEpraty, prety, fr. previous to prep (1698): PRIOR TO, BEFORE